Agriculture and Rural Development
The persistence of food crises in developing countries shows that their agricultural sectors need help to grow stronger and evolve. AFD encourages the use of modern farming techniques and the development of new infrastructure, institutions and systems – encouraging better-organized industries, improving coordination between industry participants, and securing land tenure.
Sustainable fishing and aquaculture: the major international donors are scaling up their mobilization
Growth in demand for animal proteins puts strong pressure on fisheries resources and aquaculture development. Climate change has far-reaching consequences on fish stocks due to rising sea temperatures and ocean acidification. Europe and European donors, the World Bank, FAO and AFD are renewing their commitment to improving governance in the sector.
Regulation of sustainable fishing and aquaculture now essential
At the same time as the pressure on resources and environmental disruption, fishing communities are also highly exposed to the rapid changes in coastlines (disappearance of the usual landing areas or increasing distance of fishing areas due to sedimentation). Furthermore, aquaculture allows a number of family farms to diversify their diets and incomes.
Development institutions are renewing their commitment to regulate fisheries depending on stocks and their support for sustainable aquaculture methods.
It is for this reason that Europe and bilateral European donors, the World Bank, FAO and AFD are renewing their commitment to improve governance in the sector. On 6 and 7 June, AFD received at its headquarters the European Fisheries Development Advisers Network, which was set up six years ago at the initiative of the EU and GIZ. Experts attended from the EU (DG DEVCO and DG MARE), World Bank (GP Natural Resources), FAO, Norway, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden.
France presented its expertise (CIRAD, IRD, APDRAF) and commitment (AFD: EUR 450m of projects ongoing or under appraisal), particularly in terms of fisheries monitoring (Southeast Asia, Indonesia, for example) or aquaculture (West Africa, Guinea, for example).
The concept of EcoPorts was also discussed. It involves a project for the eco-certification of pilot fishing ports in Indonesia based on ISO 14 001 standards. Ports would be granted a label allocated to European ports which voluntarily adhere to good practices for sustainable development.
In addition, on 8 June, a meeting was held of the Steering Committee of the Trust Fund PROFISH, which is administered by the World Bank. AFD has been a member since 2010. This fund contributes to renewing donor commitments to the governance of fisheries in Sub-Saharan Africa (Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana, Madagascar).
For both Europe (DEVCO) and the World Bank, these 3-day discussions confirmed the interest in partnerships with AFD.
Securing land rights for farmers is essential in promoting agricultural investments and will be facilitated by the program to support land reform and tenure security, which has officially been launched today by the Prime Minister.
2 regions, 75 municipalities and 25,000 farmers concerned
Securing land rights for farmers is essential and provides a response to three issues: encourage agricultural investments, promote decentralization and facilitate local dispute resolution.
Consequently, the program to support land reform and tenure security, cofinanced with the European Union, will contribute to providing 75 municipalities in the regions of Analamanga and Itasy (on the outskirts of Antananarivo) with land rights and property taxation. It will give 25,000 farmers access to land with conditions that will allow them to invest and scale up their production.
Project duration: 4 years. Amount: EUR 4m.
The amount of water extracted from aquifers worldwide has increased threefold in the past fifty years, leading to an aggravated overdraft of these common resources. This “pumping race” brings about major adverse economic, environmental and social impacts. However, economic analysis and evidence-based knowledge teach us that it is possible to overcome this “tragedy of the commons”.