In developing countries, the notion of the middle classes encompasses disparities that are even greater than those in industrialised countries and generates some preconceived ideas that need to be addressed.
Inequalities have been increasing and threatening the social link since the 1980s. Development actors are aware of the scale they have reached and have now made them one of the pillars of their actions. The community of researchers is on the front line and gathered in Paris on 7 December at the initiative of AFD and the European Union to provide diagnostics, but also to put forward concrete solutions.
Supporting stable and sustainable development in the Sahel region by acting on behalf of local residents is one of the AFD goals in Mauritania. Starting in January 2019, two new programs will rapidly improve the daily life of people in the southern part of the country.
Between rich and poor, men and women, city dwellers and rural inhabitants, citizens and foreigners… Inequalities among individuals continue to grow around the world, in both developing and developed countries. This leads to negative effects on growth, well-being, and crime rates. The United Nations has made the struggle against inequalities one of their Sustainable Development Goals: here are seven good reasons to give ourselves the means to fight them.
The economic modeling tool GEMMES is one of the few to integrate the impact of climate change into country GDP and debt forecasts. Designed by the Agence Française de Développement, it is now available in an online application accessible to all.
AFD’s aim, with its platform The Champions of Education, is to facilitate partnerships between the main civil society organizations involved in education at international level. The ultimate goal: improve the service provided to the relevant populations and strengthen the social link.
In Egypt, sexual harassment is a major problem, especially on public transport. A new video campaign, initiated by AFD among others, has just been launched to raise public awareness.
On 29 November 2018, the AFD signed a partnership agreement with a Haitian microfinance institution. The aim is to develop an investment loans offer for farmers, on much less prohibitive terms that those currently available. Until now, no-one was taking this risk.
Faced with burgeoning urbanisation, the Chadian capital has launched a major project to extend its water and wastewater systems. The targets are greater access to drinking water and toilets, and a better stormwater drainage system for the inhabitants of the city's north-eastern districts. An ambitious project supported by AFD.
The UN Climate Change Conference (COP24) will be held from December 2 to 14 in Katowice, Poland. It will be an important step between the Paris conference (COP21) and the one to be held in 2020, when the countries will have to revise their climate commitments upwards. What should we expect from COP24? Timothée Ourbak, climate change specialist at Agence Française de Développement, gives us a rundown, below.
With the Digital Africa platform which will be presented on 21 November during the Emerging Valley summit in Aix-en-Provence, AFD is continuing its innovative action to support entrepreneurial dynamism in Africa.
In November, Morocco officially launched Africa’s first high-speed train (TGV). The result of a partnership between Morocco’s national railway operator and SNCF, it will cut travel times between Tangier, Rabat, and Casablanca in half. The ambitious project marks the start of the high-speed rail era in Morocco.
The 14th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is being held in Sharm-el-Sheikh, in Egypt, from 13 to 29 November 2018. For Gilles Kleitz, Director of the Ecological Transition and Natural Resources Department at AFD, it is an important milestone for the preparation of a comprehensive agreement on biodiversity in 2020, which will finally lead to better account being taken of natural capital and ecosystems in the global economy.
The local government of Qixian (Qi County), located in the centre of China, is launching a major restoration programme for historical monuments, old housing and its city-centre's infrastructures. This is a ground-breaking initiative which will benefit all and is supported by AFD.
Promoting peace: that’s the objective of this first Paris Peace Forum bringing together heads of state, local elected officials, international organizations, NGOs, and enterprises, from November 11 to 13. Here, Hélène N’Garnim-Ganga, Head of the Political and Citizenship Transition Department at Agence Française de Développement (AFD), explains to us how this forum is the occasion to mobilize these actors to reach more effective global governance.
In Manila, between 250,000 and 1 million children live in the streets, left to fend for themselves. To offer them hope for a better future and improve their living conditions, four NGOs are mobilizing, with the support of ASMAE and AFD.
The second edition of the Tahiti Women’s Forum, organized in Papeete in mid-October, focused on the corporate and social responsibility of women entrepreneurs and business leaders. This awareness-raising is essential among women entrepreneurs, who are growing in number in the economic landscape of the Pacific.
The exhibition “Lake Chad: Uncontrollable territory, daily life under control” is setting up shop in N’Djaména from 27 November to mid-December. The combined work of the photojournalist Pascal Maitre and the geographer-cartoonist Christian Seignobos highlights how various populations adapt to a complex and changing geography, on the edge of several troubled areas at the border between Chad, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
In the Jordanian capital, AFD is participating in the creation of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) lines. This investment in public transport will relieve traffic congestion and sharply reduce CO2 emissions. It will have a major structural effect for the city, its development and its quality of life.