In the energy sector, island states and France’s overseas territories have a number of common characteristics that are specific to isolated systems: absence of local fossil resources, high cost of fuel supplies, power generation capacity mainly based on fossil-based power plants, small power grids and absence of interconnections.
These constraints lead to a high energy price, which hampers the economic development of Small-Island Developing States (SIDS) and France’s overseas Departments, Regions and Local Authorities (DROM-COM), which represent more than 50 million inhabitants. Yet there is a possible alternative: the development of renewable energies and optimization of energy uses.
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