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Nigeria is a young democracy, marked by challenges on a scale that strictly matches its demographic and economic weight. The country has a population of over 160 million inhabitants evenly distributed between cities and rural areas. Its Gross Domestic Product which was rebased in 2014 makes it Africa’s leading economy today. However, despite strong growth over the past decade (annual average of 7%) and the considerable oil revenues generated by the trading of some 2 million barrels of crude oil a day, over 40% of the population still lives below the poverty line. Access to health, to education, to a source of drinking water or to electricity in the country is lower than the average amongst Sub-Saharan African countries.
Finally, there are very important disparities within the country: in 2010, the poverty rate in Lagos State was reduced to 23% when at the same time it was nearing 60% in the North Eastern States. Since 2003, successive governments have been implementing a consistant reform program with the aim of bridging Nigeria’s gaps in order to bring the country up to the same level with other emerging economies. Its main objectives are to strengthen human capital (education, health and vocational training), to diversify the economy and improve its competitiveness (agriculture and food security, manufacturing industry), and to develop infrastructure (electricity, transport, information and communication technologies).
pdf : 1.96 MB
country / region: Nigeria
collection :
L'AFD et
available also in : fr en