In 2014, Africa accounted for 16% of the world’s population, less than 6% of energy consumption and 3% of greenhouse gas emissions. With an average annual economic growth rate of 4.5% over the past five years, Africa is experiencing increasing demand for energy and a significant need for infrastructure to meet this demand. The continent has huge untapped renewable energy potential to achieve this (hydropower, geothermal, biomass, solar and wind energy).
Sub-Saharan Africa is also faced with a marked energy divide: over 65% of the population still does not have access to an electricity service and over 80% uses traditional fuels (wood, charcoal) for cooking. Various energy solutions can be considered to address this: extend and increase the density of grids, or decentralized solutions, in which renewable energies have an important role to play.
In this context, Africa’s energy transition will combine the development of its renewable energy potential and the development of access for all. This will result in a low-carbon growth path.
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