Since 2010, AFD has been supporting the Addis Ababa municipality in the improvement and implementation of its public transport provision. Two soft loans amounting to EUR 85m were extended between December 2014 and December 2015 for the construction of the Bus Rapid Transit Lane (BRT).

Ethiopia has an urban population growth of about 4% a year. It is facing a significant challenge: by 2020, it is expected that 30% of the Ethiopian population will be living in cities, against 18% in 2012. This trend is very visible in its capital Addis Ababa: whilst the national census of 2007 estimated its population at 2.7 million people, the 2012 census estimated it at around 4 million, whereas forecasts estimate it will reach 7 million inhabitants by 2022 and 13 million by 2030. Current urban growth puts considerable pressure on urban mobility in Addis Ababa. The municipality has consequently made planning, improving provision and public transport service management one of its priorities and has requested AFD’s support. Indeed, faced with rapid urbanization, mass public transport takes on a strategic role: it no longer simply aims to meet demand by seeking to adapt to urban sprawl, but to precede and structure it upstream via an integrated and sustainable approach.


In terms of infrastructure, this project provides for the construction of a 16 km-long bus lane (with 12 km on a BRT line), including the required interchanges and traffic management systems, as well as shelters. It should enter in operation at the end of 2018. On the institutional side, AFD is continuing to support the future single transport regulation authority. Optimization measures for the operating plans for bus services and integration of independent transport (taxis and minibuses, accounting for 80% of transport provision) are being studied (real-time information of passengers, station extensions, etc.). Communication and consultation actions are planned for sector actors and the public.


This project aims to meet urgent needs in terms of urban transport and integrated and effective mass transit network development. It is expected that the bus line will have a capacity of 5,400 passengers per hour in each direction, and that it will reach more than 400,000 residents. The social and economic impacts will be especially high as the planned bus lane will go through a rather poor and densely-populated area, which is experiencing considerable development.

project start date
Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa Municipality