Grants: For the development of the poorest countries

In 2016, grants accounted for 11% of the funds committed by AFD, i.e. EUR 1.1bn. 70% of this amount is invested in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Distribution of drinking water in Kinshasa
AFD uses grants to finance actions in the social sector (health, education), rural and urban development initiatives, and infrastructure projects.

This tool may be in several forms:

  1.  Grants to NGOs
  2. Debt Reduction-Development Contract (C2D)
  3. Delegation of funds from other donors 


Priority countries

AFD allocates grants to a limited number of countries: poor countries considered as priorities. 

In 2016, 94% of grants approved concerned these countries. AFD thereby complies with the decision of the Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development (CICID) meeting of July 2013 to earmark a minimum of two-thirds of grants for priority poor countries.

List of priority poor countries:

  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Djibouti
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Madagascar
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Senegal
  • Togo

Projects financed via grants are appraised with the same rigor as those financed with loans. They have the same quality standards and effectiveness requirements (impact measurement).

Find out more
Loans: AFD’s main financing tool
Infotep, vocational training in Dominican Republic

AFD allocates different types of loans. Their terms are determined by the nature of the project and its environment (political, economic, social, environmental impact and context) and the quality of the borrower (sector of activity, rating, guarantees).

C2D: A mechanism to relieve indebted countries
"Excellence Learning school" in Niamey, Niger

The Debt Reduction-Development Contract (C2D) is a tool to restructure the debt of certain countries. In practical terms, once a Heavily Indebted Poor Country has signed a C2D with AFD, the country continues to service its debt until repayment. At each payment on the due date, AFD transfers the equivalent amount to the country in the form of a grant. This amount is used to finance poverty reduction programs.

FEXTE: A cooperation instrument
Woman on a building site of construction, Colombia

FEXTE meets the development needs of middle-income countries, feeds into dialogue on public policies, and promotes French expertise.

Les financements des projets des ONG
L'AFD soutient un projet mené par l’ONG Agrisud International, afin de développer l’agriculture dans la région Itasy à Madagascar

La collaboration financière directe entre l’AFD et les OSC couvre aujourd’hui un large spectre d’instruments adaptés aux spécificités des OSC et à leur valeur ajoutée.

Les garanties, instrument de mobilisation des ressources locales
Atelier de couture dans le quartier Abidjan à Niamey dont la promotrice, Mme Ariatou Moussa (à gauche) a bénéficié de l'aide financière de ACEP-Niger pour la création de son entreprise.

Les garanties accordées par l’AFD facilitent l’accès au financement des petites entreprises et des institutions de microfinance dans les pays en développement. Elles soutiennent également l’implantation de PME françaises à l’étranger. Elles sont ainsi un outil efficace pour encourager l'investissement et la création d'emplois.

La FICOL, un tremplin pour l’action extérieure des territoires français
des grattes-ciel à Manille aux Philippines

L’AFD a mis en place au fil des années avec les collectivités françaises un accompagnement (financement et expertise technique) à destination des collectivités des pays en développement.

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