Egypt

Egypt has substantial natural and human resources. However, strong population growth exacerbates pressures on the environment and leads to an increase in needs for services and job creation. To address these challenges, AFD is supporting the structural reforms launched by the Egyptian authorities.
  • logo linkedin
  • logo google plus
  • logo email
Irrigation, Egypt
AFD and Egypt: Supporting sustainable and job-creating growth
Irrigation, Egypt

Developing sustainable cities and more effectively managing natural resources

minibus Egypt collective transports

Developing sustainable cities and more effectively managing natural resources

Egypt is experiencing strong population growth, which is putting increasing pressure on infrastructure, services and natural resources.

Promoting renewable energies

AFD supports development projects which promote the use of renewable energies and energy efficiency. We contribute in particular to strengthening the electricity sector. 

Easing congestion in cities

To address urban challenges, AFD, working with its European partners, deploys efficient, modern and less polluting public transport, such as the metro in Cairo and tramway in Alexandria. The objective: ease traffic flow, reduce the greenhouse gas emissions produced by private vehicles, strengthen the country’s competitiveness, and improve comfort for passengers and mobility for the population.    

Increasing access to water 

The country has a low level of water resources and their governance needs to be improved. Water-related issues are at the same time economic, environmental and social.

Supporting the private sector and employment 

Egypt microfinance glass trade

Supporting the private sector and employment 

With 800,000 newcomers on the labor market every year, the Egyptian authorities have made the development of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) one of the priorities for creating employment and maintaining social cohesion.

To strengthen Egypt’s entrepreneurial base, AFD has partnered with MSMEDA (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority, formerly the Social Fund for Development). Our action aims to facilitate access to loans for MSMEs and support the growth of these enterprises.

We also allocate direct financing to agricultural MSMEs in order to increase local food production and the added value of the sector.

In addition, we support women’s employment and entrepreneurship in order to reverse the trend: indeed, the percentage of women entrepreneurs in Egypt remains one of the lowest in the region.

Strengthening social cohesion

health, medicines, Moyen-Orient, Egypt

Strengthening social cohesion

The Egyptian authorities have made social justice a priority objective, in a context where over half of the population, particularly people who make a livelihood from the informal economy, currently do not benefit from any health insurance system.

AFD has set out to address this situation by scaling up its operations in the health and social protection sectors:

  • In the primary health system, to improve access for the poorest and the quality of healthcare;
  • In the governance of social protection, for a more equitable and effective implementation of social assistance and insurance programs. This project draws on French expertise in this field.

At the same time, to improve living conditions for the poorest populations, we are supporting the creation of basic infrastructure in the precarious neighborhoods of the governorates of Cairo and Giza.

In addition to contributing to urban renewal by financing community works, which promote employment for local communities, we facilitate access to credit for microenterprises and small businesses, the main sources of job creation in Egypt.  

AFD also supports NGOs which work for the inclusion of people in fragile situations (street children, disabled people) and the vocational integration of young people, particularly girls.

Promoting gender equality

Egypt, eau, assainissement, woman, analysis

Promoting gender equality

Gender equality is a major issue in Egypt. 2017 was declared “National Women’s Year” by the President.

To support this ambition, AFD is steping up its actions on gender and promoting equal opportunities for women. We participate proactively in the dialogue on this objective, which concerns all our sectors of operation, and we integrate “gender components” into both our infrastructure and social projects.
 

2
EUR bn committed in 10 years

Egypt is located in North-East Africa and has substantial natural resources (gas, oil, mines, etc.) and human resources. With over 90 million inhabitants, it is the third most populous country in Africa. However, 95% of the surface area is made up of desert and is uninhabitable and some 98% of the population lives on 3.5% of the territory around the Nile Valley and Delta. The country has very little arable land, few water resources and is highly vulnerable to climate change. The strong population growth and concentration of the population exacerbate pressures on the environment and lead to an increase in needs for services and job creation.

AFD has been a partner of Egypt since 2005 and opened an agency in Cairo in 2007. To meet the high investments needs and expectations of the population in terms of social justice, AFD is assisting the country in its transition towards more inclusive and sustainable strong growth.

We operate through loans to the State, loans to public enterprises, local authorities and regional institutions, loans to private companies, credit lines and guarantees for local banks, and grants to finance needs for expertise and technical assistance related to our projects.

Interactive map
This map is for illustrative purposes only and does not engage the responsibility of the AFD Group
Thematics
Funding type
Antennas
Filters

Thematics

  • Climate
  • Employment and Shared Prosperity
  • Energy
  • Global Partnerships
  • Hunger and Food Security
  • Infrastructures
  • Poverty
  • Reduce Inequalities
  • Sustainable Cities
  • Water and Sanitation

Funding type

  • Grant
  • Loan
  • Non Sovereign Concessional Loan
  • Non Sovereign Non Concessional Loan
  • Sovereign Concessional Loan

Antennas

Display local antennas

Filters

Launch search
See map of all projects

Download

Research document

Philanthropy in the Arab World

This paper is an introduction to the current status of philanthropic giving in the Arab Countries. The paper is based upon previous research of the authors, mainly the PhD thesis ...
Oct 2017
Research document

The effectiveness of an environmental credit line in Egypt: Synergies between market incentive and binding regulations

Among the many embodiments of the global sustainable development project, “green finance” is gaining ground and profile. Designed to both avoid investments with a negative environmental impact and make investments ...
Sep 2016
Research document

Food Reserves and Regulating Market Volatility in Africa

The aim of this study is to examine public food storage systems in developing countries, particularly Africa. In which context is it pertinent to set up one type of stock ...
Feb 2014
Research document

Euro-Med Growth and Trade Integration: can we talk of a cost of the non-Mediterranean?

This paper revisits the debate on EuroMediterranean integration to reassess its observed and expected impact on the economic growth of the South and East Mediterranean countries (SEMCs).
Nov 2013
Institutional document

Urban Projects Finance Initiative (UPFI)

Imagine the southern Mediterranean tomorrow… 245 million people living in urban areas – it’s a huge challenge for this region of the world. The Union for the Mediterranean, the European Union, ...
Apr 2018