French Overseas Territories

The French overseas territories span 3 continents and hold exceptional natural resources. The isolation of these overseas territories and their exposure to climate change are the major challenges for the future. AFD is a key partner for the sustainable development of the overseas territories.
Fatu Hiva hydroelectric plant, French Polynesia
AFD AND THE FRENCH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES: SUPPORTING THE 5 TRANSITIONS
Fatu Hiva hydroelectric plant, French Polynesia

Ensuring an oceanic and regional future

City view, New Caledonia

ENSURING AN OCEANIC AND REGIONAL FUTURE

The France of three oceans, the France on four continents: the French overseas territories project France outside its mainland territory. The overseas territories are to be found in the Indian Ocean, the South Pacific, the Caribbean, South America and the North Atlantic and give France global outreach. 

Promoting regional cooperation between the overseas territories and their neighboring countries is a strong ambition for AFD. We consider it is a priority to firmly root these territories in their oceanic basins in order to strengthen the autonomy of local economies. 

The overseas territories have a head start in terms of the challenges which the world has in common. Natural disasters, health crises, waste management, the circular economy, tropical building, migrations, etc. affect all these territories in the same way. These geographical, economic and climatic phenomena pose common development challenges and call for concerted responses. They can be addressed from various perspectives, particularly the regional perspective. Sharing solutions, pooling approaches, building complementarities: this is the spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which contribute to providing concrete responses to these dynamics.

Financing public and private sector projects

Guyana, manufacturing of wooden houses, Rémire-Montjoly

FINANCING PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR PROJECTS

Financing is central to AFD’s activity. We finance public and private actors via diversified and appropriate financial instruments: concessional loans thanks to an interest subsidy provided by the State, short or long-term market-rate loans, direct loans to companies, guarantees and bank refinancing.

The aim of all these tools is to achieve concrete results in essential fields for the economies and societies in the overseas territories: health, biodiversity, renewable energies, urban development, transport, access to basic services, innovation, regional cooperation, etc.

Providing technical support and advice

Social housing, Guyana, Maripasoula

PROVIDING TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND ADVICE

But the future of the overseas territories is not just about the issue of financing: strengthening the capacities of project initiators, rethinking the drivers for development and revitalizing the social contract are major objectives for these territories in transition. 

For AFD, bringing projects into being, structuring them and pooling energies is a real challenge, across all sectors. We provide our partners with financial and sectoral expertise tailored to the needs of territories in order to build capacities, feed into public debate, have exchanges and provide assistance over time. 

In late 2016, to mark its 75th anniversary, AFD organized a cycle of 8 conferences to enhance its contribution to the debate about the economic outlook for the overseas territories.
 

Building with our partners

Baie des Vierges, Fatu Hiva, French Polynesia

BUILDING WITH OUR PARTNERS

Local authorities, the State, parapublic actors, companies, associations, research institutes, international institutions, banks: at AFD, there is a strong partnership culture. It is necessary for AFD and its partners to establish a system of effective actors, able to mobilize a collective intelligence, to allow us to take action together and build together. 

In the overseas territories, we operate with a number of partners, the first being the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (CDC), with which we signed a strategic alliance in late 2016, and the public investment bank Bpifrance, on behalf of which we carry out a service mandate. We also work closely, on a daily basis, with the French overseas note-issuing banks IEDOM and IEOM, and in the context of the partnership with CEROM (Rapid Economic Accounts for Overseas Territories). 
 

149
projects financed in 2016
EUR 6.23bn
committed between 2013 and 2016
EUR 1.6bn
committed in 2016

The French overseas territories have some 2.6 million inhabitants and span 3 continents. They provide France with global outreach and exceptional natural resources. They do, however, face similar difficulties: the isolation of their economy, the exposure to climate change and the lack of a firmly established base in their regional economic environment.

AFD has been supporting the development of the French overseas territories since 1941. It provides financing and technical assistance in order to support employment, sustainable development and establish a regional footing. As the main financial partner for the public sector and private actors in the overseas territories, AFD has a role to play in the ongoing and future transitions. For the 4th consecutive year, our commitments in the overseas territories have topped the EUR 1.5bn mark, with EUR 1.6bn in 2016.

Carte interactive
Cette carte est uniquement utilisée à titre d’illustration et n'engage pas la responsabilité du groupe AFD
Thematics
Funding type
Antennas
Filters

Thematics

  • Climat
  • Eau et assainissement
  • Faim et alimentation
  • Forêts et biodiversité
  • Infrastructures
  • Santé
  • Villes durables
  • Éducation
  • Énergie

Funding type

  • Prêt concessionnel non souverain
  • Prêt non concessionnel non souverain
  • Subvention

Antennas

Display local antennas

Filters

Launch search
Voir la carte de tous les projets

Download

Document d'évaluation

Evaluation des interventions de l’AFD dans les secteurs sanitaire et médico-social en Outre-mer

L'AFD a souhaité, à travers une évaluation à la fois stratégique et prospective, comprendre les effets de ses actions en fonction de son positionnement et de ses évolutions, ainsi que les ...
Jun 2014
Document d'évaluation

Etudes d‘évaluation de la société immobilière de Nouvelle-Calédonie

L’évaluation de la SIC dont il est ici question ne concerne pas sa valeur financière. Elle a pour objectifs plus fondamentaux d‘apprécier les impacts de l’...
Mar 2009
Document de recherche

Modèles et stratégies de développement des petites économies insulaires. Revue de la littérature et nouveaux paradigmes

A partir des années 1960, une importante littérature théorique et empirique a été consacrée à l’analyse de la croissance et du développement des petites économies insulaires (...
Jan 2015
Document de recherche

Développement touristique de l’outre-mer et dépendance au carbone

Cette étude a pour objectifs de (i) dresser un état des lieux des émissions de gaz à effet de serre du tourisme à destination de l’outre-mer français ; (ii) de mettre ...
Oct 2010
Document de recherche

Eloignement, insularité et compétitivité dans les petites économies d‘outre-mer

Dans cette contribution, les auteurs présentent les principales conclusions des études relatives à l’impact de l’éloignement géographique sur les échanges et le niveau de vie des petites é...
Nov 2007
Document de recherche

Interventionnisme public et handicaps de compétitivité : analyse du cas polynésien

Les petites économies insulaires connaissent des difficultés structurelles de compétitivité liées à leurs caractéristiques propres. Pour tenter de lutter contre ces handicaps, les autorités politiques de ...
Jan 2012
Publication institutionnelle

L'AFD en bref

Construire un monde plus juste et plus durable pour tous – un monde en commun – suppose la réussite, ici et là-bas, de cinq grandes transitions : énergétique, numérique, ...
Sep 2017
Publication institutionnelle

L'AFD et le financement des collectivités territoriales d'Outre-Mer

Ces dernières années, dans un contexte de tensions accrues sur le marché du crédit en Outre-mer, l’AFD a, dans une logique contracyclique, fortement renforcé son intervention ...
Jan 2015
Publication institutionnelle

L'AFD et le secteur privé en Outre-mer

Afin d’accompagner la relance d’une activité économique créatrice d’emplois et de dynamiser le tissu économique, l’AFD appuie le secteur privé ultra-marin par des financements directs ...
Jan 2015
Publication institutionnelle

L'AFD et l'aménagement urbain et l'habitat en Outre-Mer

À la confluence des secteurs public et privé, l’aménagement et l’habitat urbain dans les Outre-mer s’inscrivent au coeur du développement économique et de la cohésion ...
Jan 2015