Scaling up access to water and sanitation
Helping municipalities improve services
Revitalizing the private sector
Developping green energy
The Palestinian Territories: 6,020 km2 divided between the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, on the Mediterranean coast to the southwest of Israel, and a population of 4.5 million inhabitants. The territory is divided and disputed and is subject to a protracted conflict between the Palestinian Authority and Israel.
Twenty-five years after the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority has still not obtained the legitimacy and credibility it is demanding. Institutional reforms often remain at the law stage and have difficulty being translated into significant changes in the daily lives of populations. The ongoing difficulties and tensions have led to a serious deterioration in the economic situation and have not helped reduce poverty: the population struggles to access basic services and unemployment remains high (27%), especially in Gaza (42%). Palestine has a very high proportion of young people, who are particularly affected by the lack of prospects.
However, the extraordinary capacity for resilience of Palestinian society provides valuable leverage to rely on in the context of development actions. AFD has been operating in the Palestinian Territories since 1999, where its strengthens the structures the most closely linked to realities on the ground (public service operators, municipalities, SMEs and civil society) in order to provide populations with access to basic services as rapidly as possible.
In accordance with the policy of the French Government, which aims to “contribute to the creation of a viable Palestinian State, living in peace and security alongside Israel on the basis of the 1967 borders and with Jerusalem as the capital of both States”, AFD supports sustainable development in the Palestinian Territories.