Inequalities

Today, there are still wide disparities between countries and inequalities within countries have increased over the past 20 years. AFD works to reduce these inequalities by assisting the poorest populations, including in middle-income countries, and at international level, by supporting the least developed countries. Growth is not enough to reduce poverty if it is not shared and beneficial for all.
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Drinking water, DRC © Joseph Moura
AFD AND REDUCING INEQUALITIES: SUPPORTING VULNERABLE POPULATIONS AND ASSISTING THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
Drinking water, DRC © Joseph Moura

Reducing internal inequalities

Haïti,city, street, girls

REDUCING INTERNAL INEQUALITIES

Supporting the least developed countries (LDCs)

Man working for the company Label O Bois, Madagascar

SUPPORTING THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDCs)

A facility for research on inequalites

Bidonville-Mumbai-Inde-Inégalités

A FACILITY FOR RESEARCH ON INEQUALITIES

For the first time, AFD has received European Union financing to conduct a research program on inequalities in developing and emerging countries for three years (2017-2020). The objective of this program: enhance knowledge and understanding of economic and social inequalities, their determinants and the underlying mechanisms at various levels, as well as the most effective policies and approaches to reduce them.

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1.6bn
euros for LDCs in 2016

Even if inequalities between countries have declined in recent years due to poverty reduction in China and India, the gap has never been as great. Still today, there are huge disparities, especially in access to essential services, and inequalities within countries have increased over the past 20 years. 1% of the population holds half of global wealth.

The exacerbation of inequalities is not only a political and social issue, but constrains the economic development of countries. For example, it is estimated that OECD countries lost almost 5% of growth rates due to inequalities between 1985 and 2005.

AFD works to reduce inequalities: within countries, by helping the poorest and most vulnerable categories of population, including in middle-income countries, where significant pockets of poverty remain, and at international level, by supporting the least developed countries (LDCs).  

In 2016, AFD committed EUR 1.6bn in LDCs and in 2017, set up a research team to understand the nature, causes, differences (gender, territorial, income inequalities...) and the consequences in each context and thereby lay the foundations for the future strategy.

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