Mobility and transport
AFD supports mobility systems that combine infrastructure, services and regulations to ensure that each actor can travel with efficient, equitable and sustainable solutions.
Promoting livable and inclusive cities
Developing the potential of the national territory
Integrating economies into global trade
Accelerating the energy transition
Rapid population growth, the globalization of trade... Demand for mobility, from both people and goods, is constantly rising. By 2030, annual passenger traffic will increase by 50% compared to 2015. The figure stands at +70% for freight. There will be 1.2 billion more cars on the road.
There are many challenges. Still today, the majority of Africa’s population does not have access to an all-season road at less than 2 km, and precarious neighborhoods in large developing cities are not connected to economic and social opportunities. Ensuring universal access to mobility requires investing astronomical amounts in mobility and service infrastructure, and subsequently being able to maintain this network. Mobility systems need to be efficient, both in their design and operation. Furthermore, the issue of safety is more important than ever, given the number of road fatalities. Finally, the last challenge is environmental: the sector is still a major consumer of fossil fuels (1/3 of fossil emissions) and needs to integrate the fight against air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
To address these challenges, AFD will support the development of mobility systems that are:
- Inclusive and therefore accessible to all: well-served, but also with an appropriate tariff system
- Well-managed, efficient and effective
- Safe and secure, with a “road safety” dimension and a focus on tackling the insecurity of women in public transport and spaces
- Sustainable, via solutions able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions related to urban transport.
Between 2012 and 2017, the portfolio of financing approved by AFD Group in the transport sector stood at some EUR 7.4bn, i.e. between 12 and 15% of the Group’s commitments every year. For the period 2018-2022, our commitment should reach EUR 1.3bn a year. Continental Africa will remain the main beneficiary and urban mobility the priority sector for operations.