Transparency, accountability and dialogue

AFD is convinced that the comparative experiences of the leaders of Official Development Assistance policies, parliamentarians, civil society organizations,  researchers and regional and local authorities give a better understanding of what each party is doing. It also creates opportunities, feeds into reflection and strengthens actions. For the past 10 years, it has been developing a strategy to increasingly open up to its stakeholders.

The dialogue currently aims to meet three objectives: (i) comply with French regulatory requirements in this area (see the section on “Accountability”); (ii) develop the Group’s transparency to a level expected from an Official Development Assistance operator (see the section on “Information and transparency”); (iii) strengthen the Group’s action, under its mandate to finance development (see the section on “Dialogue”).

The institution’s governance also reflects this opening up, as AFD’s Board of Directors comprises a number of stakeholders: Government representatives, but also non-governmental organizations, directors of research and training institutes, Parliamentary representatives (MPs and Senators), private sector representatives, as well as two staff representatives. In addition to AFD members, Proparco’s Board of Directors comprises representatives from enterprises, banks – from both the North and South – and a staff representative.
 

Forum-debate | South/North experiences: What lessons for education?

12/11/2012

As part of the “Misconceptions and Taboos of Development” cycle, AFD and ODISSEE are organizing a forum-debate on 12 November from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at the Bellevilloise in Paris.

Topic of the forum-debate: “South/North experiences: What lessons for education?”

The debate is an interactive forum. Keynote speakers with opposing views will introduce the topic via a 5 to 6 minute address and will be reacting to the comments made by participants throughout the debate.

The three speakers for the meeting on 12 November are Jean-Christophe Maurin, Head of AFD’s Education and Vocational Training Division, Mahfou Diouf, Head of the Educational Mission France at Aid and Action France, and Aurore Brachet, Head of the Education Policy Service, Department of Early Childhood and Education, at Argenteuil City Council.

In 2010, the External Relations and Communication Department launched a program entitled “ Dialogue with Citizens ”, which aims to stimulate public debate on the issues of aid and international solidarity. It is based on the principle that the active participation of citizens or their representatives can improve both the legitimacy and effectiveness of public policies and, in this case, development policy.

A number of initiatives have been implemented (Dialogue with civil society on our strategic documents, monthly meetings with stakeholders and the French Foreign Ministry…) on the basis of AFD’s transparency policy established in 2007, one of the aims of which is to develop a dialogue process between the Institution and citizens. The “Misconceptions and Taboos of Development” forums are part of this program.
The aim of these meetings is to get to the bottom of the arguments and different points of view, compare them within an informal and constructive environment and thus structure exchanges with citizens on the objective factors of the debate on development. 



Dialogue citoyen sur le développement territorial : que s'est-il dit?

11/07/2012

L'association Odissee a organisé, avec le soutien de l'AFD, un forum-débat le 26 juin au Collège des Bernardins sur le thème "Développement territorial : quelles leçons tirer des bonnes pratiques d'aide au développement?" Synthèse.

La séance a été introduite par deux grands témoins, Louis-Jacques Vaillant, directeur des relations extérieures et des partenariats de l’AFD et Nicolas Wit, directeur général adjoint de Cités Unies France, avant de laisser place à des échanges captivants entre les intervenants et un public diversifié, composé d'une centaine d'acteurs du développement, de leaders d'opinion, de représentants d'ONG, d'étudiants et de chercheurs.

 

 

 

Après avoir brossé collectivement un panorama analytique de plusieurs cas de bonnes pratiques de développement territorial ayant prouvé leur efficacité dans les pays du Sud (Projet urbain global à Medellin, politique d’allocations de la Bolsa Familia au Brésil, …) les participants ont partagé les leçons tirées de ces diverses expériences en identifiant les facteurs clés de leur succès et les principes d'action à observer, selon eux, pour optimiser les projets d'aide au développement. Voici quelques unes des recommandations d'action dégagées lors du forum-débat:

 

I. Les facteurs clés de succès des projets de développement :

  • Corréler, à travers une même action, les réponses aux enjeux de court terme et les politiques de long terme.
  • Refuser les « modèles » de développement formatés, tout en appuyant la réflexion et la définition de projets sur les exemples de bonnes pratiques des autres pays, du Sud comme du Nord.
  • S’appuyer sur les initiatives d’acteurs locaux (habitants, associations, collectivités, entrepreneurs).
  • Bâtir en amont une vision de l’avenir et d’un projet politique de développement.
  • Impliquer toutes les parties prenantes dans la définition et le déploiement des projets, de façon à leur permettre de se les approprier et d’en partager les objectifs. 
  • Mettre en oeuvre des projets adaptés au terrain et initiateurs de nouvelles dynamiques au sein des populations.
  • Veiller au suivi et à la transparence des actions publiques pour construire la confiance des populations envers leurs dirigeants et leur utilisation des fonds publics.

 

II. Les principes d’action clés pour optimiser les projets d’aide au développement :

  • Analyser et comprendre les enjeux de terrain pour identifier et soutenir les dynamiques locales les plus pertinentes.
  • Financer directement les projets entrepreneuriaux locaux qui sont les plus adaptés au contexte.
  • Accompagner les personnes et coacher les équipes projets pour partager connaissances et compétences en matière de gestion de projets.
  • Mutualiser les outils et les méthodes à travers des plateformes d’échange ou des formations à la gestion opérationnelle de projets capitalisant sur les expériences et bonnes pratiques du Nord et du Sud.
  • Travailler sur les concepts utilisés et le langage pour faciliter la compréhension mutuelle et construire la confiance entre acteurs du « Sud » et du « Nord ».
  • Etre capable de remise en question permanente, en commençant par ses propres modèles de pensée, d’adapter ses raisonnements et ses pratiques, de reconnaître les limites de ses analyses et de ses projets, d’évaluer précisément ses actions et d’analyser les succès comme les échecs.

 

Retrouvez le compte-rendu du forum complet en format PDF en cliquant sur ce lien.



Forum-debate | Territorial development: reconciling economic development, social development and sustainable development

26/06/2012

As part of the “Misconceptions and Taboos of Development” cycle, AFD and ODISSEE are organizing a forum-debate on Tuesday 26 June from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at the Collège des Bernardins in Paris.

The topic of the forum-debate: “Territorial development: reconciling economic development, social development and sustainable development”.

The debate is an interactive forum. Two keynote speakers with opposing views will introduce the topic via a 5 to 6 minute address and will be reacting to the comments made by participants throughout the debate.

The two keynote speakers for the meeting on 26 June are Louis-Jacques Vaillant, Director of External Relations and Partnerships at AFD, and Bertrand Gallet, CEO of United Cities of France.

In 2010, the External Relations and Communication Department launched a program entitled “Dialogue with Citizens”, which aims to stimulate public debate on the issues of aid and international solidarity. It is based on the principle that the active participation of citizens or their representatives can improve both the legitimacy and effectiveness of public policies and, in this case, development policy.

A number of initiatives have been implemented (Dialogue with civil society on our strategic documents, monthly meetings with stakeholders and the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs…) on the basis of AFD’s transparency policy established in 2007, one of the aims of which is to develop a dialogue process between the Institution and citizens. The “Misconceptions and Taboos of Development” forums are part of this program.

The aim of these meetings is to get to the bottom of the arguments and different points of view, compare them within an informal and constructive environment and thus structure exchanges with citizens on the objective factors of the debate on development.



"AFD, the Spearhead of French Cooperation": Report by Senators Cambon and Vantomme

25/05/2011

On 25 May 2011, French Senators Christian Cambon and André Vantomme presented to the press the report they have just published in which they give their opinion on AFD’s performance and resources contract.

It is the first time that the French Parliament has given its opinion on AFD’s performance and resources contract. To mark this occasion, some thirty representatives from the press, NGOs and the private sector were invited to the Senate for a breakfast presentation of the report entitled “AFD, the Spearhead of French Cooperation”. This title puts the way the two senators see AFD in a nutshell and effectively presents their in-depth and relevant analysis.

Senators Cambon and Vantomme, who are members of the Senate’s Foreign Affairs Commission and also closely involved in development cooperation policy, have strongly emphasized how AFD’s actions play a leading role. The report does, however, mention some risks that have been identified and puts forward several recommendations: need to rebalance bilateral and multilateral aid, conduct an ex post evaluation of all actions, diversify indicators in Sub-Saharan Africa (other than education and health), raise the profile of partnerships with NGOs and the French Overseas Communities, or again evenly distribute dividends between the State and AFD.

 

Watch the video presentation (in French) of the report

 




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