Rhino env 01
Reforestation of Arberdares forest

AFD financed the reforestation of southern and western areas of Aberdares through the Green Belt Movement; an NGO founded in 1977 by Nobel Peace Prize winner, Wangari Maathai (2004).

Urban Development in Kisumu

AFD supports the City of Kisumu located on the shores of Lake Victoria in terms of access to water and sanitation (rehabilitation of the existing system), as well as developing basic services (Kisumu Urban Project).

Puits élect 01

AFD has supported the production of geothermal energy in Olkaria. This project has helped reduce significantly the price of electricity.

Terminal 1
Extension of the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport

AFD together with the World Bank has financed the expansion of the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. The new Terminal 1 was commissioned in 2014 and has significantly increased the capacity of the airport in terms of number of passengers and also improved passenger's safety.

Nairobi Airport


Rémy Rioux appointed Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement by the Council of Ministers today, 25 May 2016


Today, on a proposal made by François Hollande at the Parliament on 27 April 2016 and following a unanimous favorable vote of MPs and a majority of Senators, Mr. Rémy Rioux, 46, Deputy Secretary General of the French Ministry of Foreign affairs and International Development, has been appointed Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement, a Public Industrial and Commercial Establishment responsible for development in Southern countries and the French overseas territories. Rémy Rioux, AFD’s 11th Chief Executive Officer, will take over as head of AFD on 2 June 2016.

Rémy Rioux was born in June 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine and is an alumnus of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, rue d’Ulm, Sciences Po, and the Ecole Nationale d’Administration. He is a historian by training, a former student of Alain Corbin and Pierre Nora, and Senior Advisor at the Court of Auditors. During his career, he has alternately held responsibilities in France and for development in Africa.

Rémy Rioux appointed Chief Executive Officer of AFD © Alain Buu

At the age of 26, Rémy Rioux discovered Africa during an ENA internship in Benin, and subsequently by campaigning to promote the harmonization of business law in Africa. He has a love of this continent and has travelled across it throughout his career, established close ties there, and acquired a recognized expertise in development issues. He worked at the Directorate of the Treasury from 2004 to 2007, and subsequently from 2010 to 2012, where he contributed to modernizing monetary cooperation with African Franc Zone member countries, participated in the resolution of the Ivorian crisis, and contributed to making the issue of infrastructure and development central to the international agenda of the G20. At the time, he was a Member of the Boards of Directors of AFD and its subsidiary PROPARCO.

Rémy Rioux also conducted control missions in the energy and defense sectors at the Court of Auditors between 1997 and 2004. He worked at the Ministry of the Interior from 2000 to 2002, at the Office of the Minister Daniel Vaillant, where he was responsible for the budget and changeover to the euro. He also held a position at the State Holdings Agency (APE), from 2007 to 2010, as Chief Investment Officer responsible for the transport and media sectors, and sat on the Boards of Directors of various companies (SNCF, RATP, ADP, Renault, France Télévisions, France Médias Monde, Arte, le Grand Port Maritime du Havre).

In 2012, he was Director of the Office of the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Foreign Trade, Pierre Moscovici. He was actively involved in redefining economic relations between Africa and France and in the work conducted by Jacques Attali on economic Francophonie. Two years later, Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, appointed him Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry, in charge of economic issues. Alongside the Minister, he managed the financial component of the negotiations for COP21.

Following the announcement made by the French President in September 2015 of a revival of France’s Official Development Assistance policy and an increase in development and climate finance (by EUR 4bn by 2020, to reach EUR 12.5bn of annual commitments, including EUR 5bn for the climate), he was entrusted with a preparatory mission for the establishment of closer ties between Agence Française de Développement and Caisse des Dépôts, which aims to provide France with a tool capable of meeting the challenges of the Sustainable Development Goals.

He is a man of dialogue and conviction and is deeply attached to the Massif Central region, particularly Corrèze and Lozère, where he regularly stays with his wife and three children.

Key Dates

  • 26 June 1969: Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1997: Auditor at the Court of Auditors on leaving ENA (Marc Bloch Class), where he became Senior Advisor in 2013
  • 2001 and 2002: Budget Advisor at the Office of Daniel Vaillant at the Ministry of the Interior
  • 2003: Control missions in the energy and defense sectors at the Court of Auditors
  • 2004: General Directorate of the Treasury, Head of the Office for Monetary and Development Cooperation with African, Caribbean, Pacific and Franc Zone countries
  • 2007: Deputy Director for the transport and audiovisual sectors at the State Holdings Agency (APE)
  • 2010: Deputy Director for international financial affairs and development at the General Directorate of the Treasury
  • 2012 to 2014: Director of the Office of Mr. Pierre Moscovici at the Ministry of the Economy and Finance
  • 2014: Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development in charge of economic affairs
  • 2015: Responsible for financial matters in the French negotiation team for COP21.
  • June 2016: Appointed the 11th Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement.

France and Kenya sign a Credit Facility Agreement for Rural Roads-15 Million Euros (1.7 Billion Kenyan Shillings)


The President of the Republic of Kenya Mr Uhuru Kenyatta together with the President of the Republic of France, Mr François Hollande presided over the signing of a Credit Facility Agreement for Additional financing to the Roads 2000 Phase II project on the 4th April 2016 in Paris. The Credit Facility amounting to € 15 million was signed by the Cabinet Secretary National Treasury, Mr Henry Rotich and the AFD Deputy Managing Director Mr Jacques Moineville.

The Roads 2000 project is financed by a concessional loan to the Government of Kenya and is additional financing for the ongoing rural roads project in six Counties of Central Kenya: Kiambu, Kirinyaga, Laikipia, Murang’a, Nyandarua, Nyeri (€ 40 million). The project is being implemented by the Kenya Rural Roads Authority (KeRRA).  

The Roads 2000 project is innovative, using labour based technologies for road construction which creates employment in the project areas. The French firm Colas supplies cold emulsion which is friendly for use by labour and provides a long wearing road surface at a reasonable price. The project also has a component for training of contractors and consultants in labour based technologies, thus building the capacity of the private sector. Through the project, approximately 865 km of roads will be improved to gravel and low volume seal standards. The project will have an important impact in terms of improving access in rural areas for farmers to markets, as well as for local populations to social facilities such as health centres and schools.

180 million euros to promote access to sustainable energy in Kenya


On the occasion of the official visit of the kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta in France, AFD strengthens its support to the development of the kenyan electricity sector by the signing of new operations amounting to a total of 180 million euros.

Speed up access to energy for Kenyans

A memorandum of understanding for the provision of 90 million euros to support the new electrification policy of the country was signed between AFD and Kenya. Indeed, the kenyan authorities are seeking to achieve universal access to electricity in the coming years and have developed an ambitious nationwide program. The resources made available to the Kenyan authorities are a 90 million euro loan from AFD and a 30 million euro grant from the European Union (financing facility of infrastructure in Africa, EU-ITF) whose management has been delegated to AFD. The funds provided by AFD could electrify up to 1.3 million people spread over a large part of the Kenyan territory.

60 million euros to finance the wind farm 

In addition, a memorandum of understanding was signed with Mr. Albert MUGO, Managing Director and CEO of KenGen, a company owned 70% by the Kenyan state, operating in the electricity production sector and providing three-quarters of the country's supply. The signed MoU aims to make available to KenGen 60 million euros to finance the wind farm in Meru County. With the expected co-financing of the German cooperation (KfW), it is expected that the Meru wind farm will provide up to 80 MW of generation capacity.

90% of Kenya's electricity comes from renewable resources

This will strengthen the positioning of Kenya as a model for countries able to combine development and the fight against climate change: indeed, its electricity is for over 90% derived from renewable sources, as geothermal indeed provides half of the electricity consumed followed by hydropower accounting for about 40% of consumption. The financing provided by AFD to KenGen is a direct loan without guarantee of the Kenyan State; the planned mobilization of such a financial tool illustrates the excellent performance of KenGen, as well as the AFD’s confidence in the company and in general in Kenya's power sector.

Fifty years of partnership

These new projects are in the long-term partnership developed between the Kenyan authorities with AFD in the energy sector. Since the beginning of its activity in Kenya in early 2000, AFD committed over 800 million € of loans to the Kenyan power sector, spread across the entire industry value chain: drilling for the development of geothermal energy, renewable energy plants, national grid and interconnection with Ethiopia, electrification in rural areas and in urban areas, and even support for investment in the sector by SMEs. France is among the biggest financiers of the sector.

Just like all the projects supported by AFD in Kenya in this field, the operations signed this April 4 are aligned with the key pillars of France's cooperation policy in the energy sector, i / promoting access to electricity for all, ii / supporting sustainable economic development, and in particular iii / supporting the development of renewable energy to contribute to the fight against climate change.

The two signings were held at the Elysée Palace between the AFD’s Deputy Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Jacques Moineville, in the presence of Kenya's president of the Republic, Mr. Uhuru Kenyatta and the president of the french Republic, Mr. François Hollande.

SUNREF East Africa is continuing its geographic deployment in Uganda


SUNREF East Africa formally entered the Uganda Market after the Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM) and Uganda Manufacturers Association (UMA) signed an accord to extend this program developed by Agence Française de Développement (AFD) to the East African country.

The Focal Point agreement between KAM and UMA allows the SUNREF East Africa program to have a focal point organization to drive its day-to-day activities in Uganda.

SUNREF East Africa will help private sector actors in Uganda seize the opportunities of the eco-friendly transition and encourage East African banks to finance such efforts on customized financial terms. This innovative range of services consequently gives the East African private sector greater access to bank financing to purchase better quality equipment, and thereby make savings and increase its competitiveness. This is expected to result into better energy management and adhering to better environmental standards.
For more information about SUNREF: www.sunref.org

SUNREF, AFD’s Green Finance Label: Website Now Online


AFD has launched the SUNREF website for its partners and green finance actors. The aim of this website is to be a platform to exchange ideas, share, and take action, while being an ecosystem for green finance by disseminating knowledge and creating networks among actors in the sector. It will also provide information on the projects and partners of this innovative program.

Seizing the opportunities of the ecological transition

The transition towards a greener model holds considerable economic development potential. Green growth provides the private sector with a number of opportunities in the fields of energy management, sustainable natural resources management and environmental protection. In Southern countries, financing this green growth poses a major challenge to which AFD contributes, thanks to the SUNREF program, in partnership with green finance actors (banks, companies, public authorities, donors…).

Green credit line for the private sector accessible via partner banks

The aim of the SUNREF (Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and Energy Finance) program, AFD’s green finance label, is to facilitate access to affordable sustainable energy in order to ensure the development of a low-carbon economy and contribute to mitigating the causes of climate change.

SUNREF helps private actors in Southern countries seize the opportunities of the ecological transition and encourages local banks to finance it on customized financial terms. This innovative range of services consequently gives the private sector greater access to bank financing to purchase better quality equipment, and thereby make savings and increase its competitiveness, thanks to better energy management and by taking the environment into account.

SUNREF also offers its partners an integrated approach which aims to strengthen the capacities of all actors, thanks to a technical assistance program whose role is to support and boost the market for financing green investments: assisting banks in project financing and helping companies implement strategies for an optimized use of energy and natural resources. 

SUNREF website: A platform dedicated to green finance

AFD has made a dedicated platform available to green finance actors (banks, companies, donors, public authorities) which allows them to collect, disseminate and capitalize on best practices. The SUNREF website is thereby an ecosystem for green finance which provides actors in the sector with new opportunities to implement innovative and effective operational approaches. Finally, this website gives an additional understanding of the green finance projects implemented by AFD, the green investments made in Africa, the Indian Ocean, Latin America, Asia and the Mediterranean, SUNREF’s innovative approach and its benefits, its partners, and the types of eligible financing. SUNREF’s aim is to pool the efforts of all actors in order to facilitate the scaling up which is essential for addressing the environmental challenges.
For further information ► www.sunref.org

SUNREF (Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and Energy Finance) is AFD’s green finance label. In a context of energy and environmental transition, SUNREF helps private actors in Southern countries seize the opportunities of this transition via an innovative approach and encourages local banks to finance it. To date, 42 SUNREF projects have been successfully implemented since 2006, in partnership with 70 local banks in some 30 countries of operation, for a total commitment of over EUR 2.5bn of loans allocated by AFD, including EUR 1.2bn already disbursed.


Signing of Grant Agreement for Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation Project Kisumu (LVWATSAN) and Credit Agreement for the Kenya Informal Settlements Improvement Project (KISIP)


The National Treasury signed on Thursday 17th December 2015 with the French Development Agency (AFD) two Financing Agreements: a Grant Agreement of 5 million EUR (550 million KES) for the Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation Project Kisumu (LVWATSAN) and a Credit Agreement of 45 million USD (4.6 billion KES) for the Kenya Informal Settlements Improvement Project (KISIP). The Agreements were signed by the Cabinet Secretary of the National Treasury Mr. Henry Rotich and the AFD Regional Director Mr. Yves Boudot. The French Ambassador, H.E Mr. Rémi Maréchaux also present at the ceremony, co-signed both Financing Agreements.

The signing ceremony was witnessed by representatives of the Ministry of Water, Lake Victoria South Water Services Board, Ministry of Land, Housing and Urban Development, and development partners participating in the financing of the 2 programs, notably the European Investment Bank (EIB) and European Union Delegation for the water project and the World Bank for the KISIP.

The Financing Agreements concern two sectors that have been flagged by the Government as central for the development and prosperity of the country: water and the urban development.
AFD will co-finance the KISIP alongside the World Bank (100M USD), SIDA (10M USD), and GoK (10M USD), bringing the overall project financing to 165 M USD (17.3 Billion KES). It is an informal settlements upgrading project targeting 15 urban areas, being implemented by the Ministry of Land, Housing and Urban Development. The objective of the project is to improve living conditions and strengthen security of tenure for residents in informal settlements. This project will see the improvement of roads, drainage and footpaths, water and sanitation infrastructure, as well as installing of floodlights. Securing tenure for residents will be achieved through the issuance of title deeds. The project is already underway with the financing of the World Bank, SIDA and GoK, thus the AFD financing will facilitate further expansion of planned activities.
The Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation project (LVWATSAN) Kisumu is part of a bigger regional project around Lake Victoria, involving Kampala in Uganda and Mwanza in Tanzania. The project on the Kenya side is being implemented by the Lake Victoria South Water Services Board and is
co-financed with European Investment Bank (EIB) – 35 M EUR, EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund
(5 M EUR) and GoK (10M EUR), with AFD as the lead donor. The project has a significant sanitation component, with the objective of protecting Lake Victoria, an important national and regional water resource, which not only supplies water to the towns around the Lake, but also has great potential for the development of regional lake transport and tourism.
The LVWATSAN Kisumu will also finance the extension of water and sanitation distribution networks in Kisumu, including in informal settlements and extend water supply to the centres of Ahero, Darajambili and Maseno. The grant agreement signed on 17th December 2015 is financing from the EU –Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund and will finance technical assistance and preparatory studies for the LVWATSAN project, including master plans for water resources and sanitation, detailed design studies for the first phase of works and technical assistance for reducing Non-Revenue Water for the water utility KIWASCO.
It is expected that the Informal Settlements Project and the LVWATSAN project will be implemented respectively over 3 and 5 years.
AFD’s total commitments in Kenya across mainly the energy, water and sanitation, urban development and financial sectors currently stand at around 1 Billion EUR (110 Billion KES).

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