The French Development Agency (Agence Française de Développement - AFD) started its activities in Mozambique in 1981, and set up its office in Maputo in November 1985. During these thirty years, AFD first focused its activities on basic infrastructure rehabilitation (telecommunications, energy, water) and rural sector development, supporting traditional (livestock farming) or export industries (cotton, cashew nuts, copra), and then broaden its financing to health and environment sectors. Photo © IcyU2
Since 2011, AFD supports shrimp aquaculture in Mozambique through a 1,5 MEUROS funding from PRCC (program of strengthening of commercial capacities). The project, whose initial target was Mozambican shrimp aquaculture promotion, had to be dramatically revised in 2011 due to an outbreak of the white spot virus in the Mozambican waters which contaminated in particular the private shrimp farms, partners of the project.
In this context, an exchange of experience has been developed between Thailand, who has been exposed to the white spot virus for 20 years, and the Mozambican partners of the project: INAQUA (National Institute for Aquaculture) and APCM (Association of Shrimp producers). This initiative falls under the framework of AFD-TICA discussions on trilateral cooperation Africa, Thailand, France.
A first mission of Thailand’s experts from the ministry of fisheries is in Mozambique from the 24th of March to the 5th of April. She’s composed of an expert on water quality, an expert on epizooties management and an expert on shrimp farm management. The objective of the mission is to expose during 2 weeks the Mozambican public and private partners to Thailand’s experience. A return mission will be then organized in Thailand for the Mozambican partners.
It is worth to note that Thailand’s Prime Minister, Mrs. Yingluck Shinawatra, might visit Mozambique next June. She would be accompanied by the Director General from TICA. The shrimp AFD supported project and the technical assistance from Thailand could be part of the topics discussed between Thailand and Mozambique.
AFD on its side is considering as well pursuing and extending its support to the fisheries/aquaculture sector in Mozambique through a regional project cofinanced by World Bank.
A master degree “public and private works” was hand over to Mr Mahadi, CMH’s staff on the 7 of March 2013. The ceremony was organized in the premises of CMH in the presence of Mr. Serge Segura, Ambassador of France, Mr. Estevão Pale, Executive Director of CMH, Dimitri Kanounnikoff, Director of the AFD Maputo, and CMH staff.
CMH, a subsidiary of ENH, is the Mozambican partner and holds 25% in the Natural Gas Pande and Temane Project (NGP), an unincorporated joint venture with Sasol Temane Petroleum Lda (70%) as the operator and International Finance Corporation (5%). The joint venture holds 30-year exploitation rights to develop the Pande and Temane field reservoirs in Mozambique and to extract and deliver the gas to the Central Processing Facility (CPF). AFD financed this project. The current production capacity is of 183 MGJ / year from which 27 MGJ per year is reserved for the Mozambican market.
Both AFD financing were allocated to the public company CMH (Companhia Moçambicana de Hidrocarbonetos) through a loan without guarantee from the State, to co-fund its 25% share in the gas project.
Through CMH, Mozambique takes full advantage of the financial impact of this project. In addition, the gas allocated for the Mozambican market will allow to increase generation of electricity to deal quickly with the very strong increase in demand in Mozambique (if not Mozambique will have to import electricity from South Africa at a very high price).
The Center for Financial, Economic and Banking studies (or) CEFEB) offers professional training and skills building programs for AFD’s aid beneficiaries, employees and partners, particularly other donors. As a center for sharing experiences and Knowledge, CEFEB adds value to professional education courses by crossing the boundary between theoretical research and operational practices proven in the field.
CEFEB offers seminars on the economics of the public sector and “macro-financial” management, that is, addressing links between the real macro economy and financial conditions. Other similar topics include public-private partnerships, sustainable development and social and environmental responsibility, development finance and microfinance innovation, local government development projects, and urban planning. The subjects match AFD’s priority, and may change to reflect its overall strategic plan.