Promoting competitive and sustainable agriculture in Senegal
Project to promote competitive and sustainable agriculture (PACD)
Senegal’s agricultural sector, faced with profound changes due to both new regulations and multilateral agreements made by the WTO, WAEMU, and Cotonou Agreement, and privatization of agricultural businesses, has had to modernize itself in order to open up to trade and function in global markets. In the short-term, the process was disruptive
Various policies implemented by the government failed to resolve what became a structural crisis. This failure led to a desire to reform and modernize the agricultural sector. So what’s known as the “Agro-Sylvo-Pastoral Law or LOASP, was designed in consultation with various stakeholders from rural sectors and civil society. It was passed at the National Assembly on May 25, 2004, and put into effect of June 4, 2004. The law provides the legal framework for the development of Senegal’s agriculture sector for the next twenty years. It was designed to modernize family farming and promote of agricultural and rural entrepreneurship.
The law includes clear and strong orientations on major issues that engage all rural stakeholders in the long-term. The DAPS, in partnership with the Cabinet of the Minister of Agriculture and Water, is in charge of coordinating and monitoring activities implemented under LOASP.
The 50 or so commitments made by the State within the LOASP cover seven main subjects. A steering committee comprised of a leader, administrations, professional agricultural organizations, civil society, the private sector and development partners were set up for each subject in order to validate and draft bills, decrees and laws. The various leaders include:
the CNCR for the subject “formal recognition of agricultural professions” which deals with the legal status of professional agricultural organizations;
the DAPS for the subject “land reform” which, in addition to the design of a new land policy, deals with the legal status of farms;
the ANCAR for the subject “sectors, markets, inter-professional organizations” which focuses on the recognition of agricultural co-operatives and organizations, and strengthens their role;
the DAPS and DIREL for the subject “National Programs for the Development of Agriculture and Livestock Farming”;
the MAH’s agricultural vocational training office for the subject “capacity building and support measures”, which work on definitions and training for the farming professions, the development of Agro-sylvo-pastoral research and advice, and capacity building for professional agricultural organizations;
the Ministry of the Economy and Finance for the subject “financing rural development” which will specifically focus on the implementation of a National Agro-sylvo-pastoral Development Fund to support agricultural co-operatives and professional organizations with agro-sylvo-pastoral research, advice, and training;
- the Cabinet of the Minister of Agriculture and Water for the subject “institutionalization of consultation”.
In November 2002, France launched the Priority Solidarity Fund PACD project with the aim of reducing poverty and improving living conditions for rural populations by rationalizing the performance, competitiveness and sustainability of Senegal’s agriculture sector. This institutional PACD project was transferred to AFD in March 2005.
PACD Project description
The PACD supports various stakeholders in rural areas by building their capacities and taking part in decision-making for development strategies and international trade negotiations. It also carries out its functions within a new institutional framework by focusing on adapting to markets, training producers and strengthening professional and inter-professional organizations.
The PACD project falls within AFD’s framework for sustainable development: it promotes farming technique that respect the environment and consumers, and creates viable partnerships and sustainable mechanisms for training, consulting and consultation involving all rural stakeholders, both public and private.
Type of services and support
AFD provided financial support and an international technical assistance team of four specialists.
Tools and methodologies
PACD Project actions were based on three components:
A “national capacity building for market adaptation” component, which included: institutional support to authorities in charge of international trade negotiations on agriculture; actions to improve the quality of Senegal’s agricultural products; support for promoting Senegal’s agricultural exports; and better dissemination of the results of agronomic research;
A “rural stakeholder capacity building” component, which included: effective implementation of the national agricultural and rural training strategy; support in the consultation processes between the State and the farming profession; and support for the creation and strengthening of agricultural inter-professional organizations in Senegal.
- A “project management” component, which included: support for project coordination; support for impact assessments; and support for results communication and PR.
The PACD project, placed under the administrative supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Farming, provides for the creation of a steering committee chaired by the Director of Cabinet of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Farming and includes the main professionals working on the project.
Total PACD project cost €3.5 million
100% of funds provided by AFD through grants