AFD in Latin America and the Caribbean
April 2013 Jean-Raphaël CHAPONNIÈRE (Asia Center), Dominique PERREAU (D.P. Associates) and Patrick PLANE (Director, CERDI, CNRS, Université d’Auvergne)
Coordination by Rémi GENEVEY (Director, Strategy Unit, AFD)
Document in French
On 10 and 11 April, a first roundtable gathered the cooperation agencies from Mexico, Colombia and Chile at AFD’s headquarters. The aim of this meeting was to step up cooperation between these stakeholders in operational cooperation in order to learn more about experiences and practices and extend their respective scope of action.
The agencies of Amexcid in Mexico, AGCI in Chile and APC in Colombia share a number of common features. They are all relatively recent: the Chilean agency has been developing an international activity since 2005; the Mexican and Colombian agencies were set up in 2011. They work with budgets that remain limited, but which are expected to see a substantial increase in the coming years. They all have the particular feature of being tasked with both coordinating the aid received and with international cooperation activities. This dual function creates interesting synergies between national and international development projects.
One of the other points that these agencies have in common is that they all operate in the area of technical cooperation (technical assistance, training) financed by grants. They mainly operate in the field of poverty reduction, natural disaster prevention, the environment and governance.
Partnering with AFD to further extend their area of operations
Geographically speaking, they focus most of their activity on poor countries in Central America and the Caribbean, especially Haiti.
They are currently interested in developing activities in Africa and Asia.
Amexcid works with Costa Rica in the sector of children’s mental health. It finances vocational training and provides support for public policies. It also operates in the education sector in Central America and Paraguay with teacher training activities. It works with
Honduras in the livestock sector, by providing technical assistance with the aim of improving yields.
APC, AGCI and Amexcid have a strategy to step up international cooperation and are, in this respect, seeking to establish new partnerships and work more closely with AFD. They are particularly interested in AFD’s experience in Africa, as they would like to gain a better understanding of the challenges facing the continent and launch activities there.
Collaborative actions have also been considered outside this continent, in the fields of training, knowledge production and support for higher education.
An initial collaboration in Haiti
An initial joint cooperation operation is currently being implemented by AFD and the Colombian agency APC to support Haiti’s coffee industry. Colombia recently received a delegation of Haitian coffee producers as part of this project, with the aim of promoting exchanges of expertise between the two countries.
Mexico, Colombia and Chile, along with Peru, are members of the Pacific Alliance, a recently created economic community with strong ambitions, particularly in the field of regional cooperation. Consequently, it appeared essential for AFD to step up consultation with these “new” international cooperation stakeholders and initially learn more about our respective experiences and practices.
In addition to the Pacific Alliance, emerging Latin American countries are playing an increasingly important role in international development cooperation, particularly in the context of the G20 and Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation.