Suriname faces several challenges, particularly in the sectors of education, health, transport, energy and the environment.
AFD supports the country and focuses its operations on three core objectives:
- to improve access to health and education services and infrastructure for the populations of the Maroni River;
- to promote the economic development and opening up of the East region which borders French Guiana;
- to implement a joint policy for the rational management of natural resources on the Guiana Shield.
The French Development Agency has provided a € 570,117 Grant (50% of the total project) to NGO AIDES over three years, to finance a project aiming to improve access to HIV/AIDS prevention, screening and care for people living in the border region of French Guiana and Suriname, with a focus on community health.
This project’s purpose is to develop a cross-border dynamic between two NGOs, AIDES and the Surinamese Red Cross, to improve access to prevention and care in the region of the Maroni and Cottica rivers as well as in the localities of Albina and Moengo.
Approximately 10 000 inhabitants living along the river will directly benefit from the project’s activities (screening, awareness, counselling and support). Sixty key actors in social cohesion such as traditional healers and religious leaders will also be informed and educated about the disease and its modes of transmission.
Rémy Rioux appointed Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement by the Council of Ministers today, 25 May 2016
Today, on a proposal made by François Hollande at the Parliament on 27 April 2016 and following a unanimous favorable vote of MPs and a majority of Senators, Mr. Rémy Rioux, 46, Deputy Secretary General of the French Ministry of Foreign affairs and International Development, has been appointed Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement, a Public Industrial and Commercial Establishment responsible for development in Southern countries and the French overseas territories. Rémy Rioux, AFD’s 11th Chief Executive Officer, will take over as head of AFD on 2 June 2016.
Rémy Rioux was born in June 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine and is an alumnus of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, rue d’Ulm, Sciences Po, and the Ecole Nationale d’Administration. He is a historian by training, a former student of Alain Corbin and Pierre Nora, and Senior Advisor at the Court of Auditors. During his career, he has alternately held responsibilities in France and for development in Africa.
Rémy Rioux appointed Chief Executive Officer of AFD © Alain Buu
At the age of 26, Rémy Rioux discovered Africa during an ENA internship in Benin, and subsequently by campaigning to promote the harmonization of business law in Africa. He has a love of this continent and has travelled across it throughout his career, established close ties there, and acquired a recognized expertise in development issues. He worked at the Directorate of the Treasury from 2004 to 2007, and subsequently from 2010 to 2012, where he contributed to modernizing monetary cooperation with African Franc Zone member countries, participated in the resolution of the Ivorian crisis, and contributed to making the issue of infrastructure and development central to the international agenda of the G20. At the time, he was a Member of the Boards of Directors of AFD and its subsidiary PROPARCO.
Rémy Rioux also conducted control missions in the energy and defense sectors at the Court of Auditors between 1997 and 2004. He worked at the Ministry of the Interior from 2000 to 2002, at the Office of the Minister Daniel Vaillant, where he was responsible for the budget and changeover to the euro. He also held a position at the State Holdings Agency (APE), from 2007 to 2010, as Chief Investment Officer responsible for the transport and media sectors, and sat on the Boards of Directors of various companies (SNCF, RATP, ADP, Renault, France Télévisions, France Médias Monde, Arte, le Grand Port Maritime du Havre).
In 2012, he was Director of the Office of the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Foreign Trade, Pierre Moscovici. He was actively involved in redefining economic relations between Africa and France and in the work conducted by Jacques Attali on economic Francophonie. Two years later, Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, appointed him Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry, in charge of economic issues. Alongside the Minister, he managed the financial component of the negotiations for COP21.
Following the announcement made by the French President in September 2015 of a revival of France’s Official Development Assistance policy and an increase in development and climate finance (by EUR 4bn by 2020, to reach EUR 12.5bn of annual commitments, including EUR 5bn for the climate), he was entrusted with a preparatory mission for the establishment of closer ties between Agence Française de Développement and Caisse des Dépôts, which aims to provide France with a tool capable of meeting the challenges of the Sustainable Development Goals.
He is a man of dialogue and conviction and is deeply attached to the Massif Central region, particularly Corrèze and Lozère, where he regularly stays with his wife and three children.
- 26 June 1969: Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
- 1997: Auditor at the Court of Auditors on leaving ENA (Marc Bloch Class), where he became Senior Advisor in 2013
- 2001 and 2002: Budget Advisor at the Office of Daniel Vaillant at the Ministry of the Interior
- 2003: Control missions in the energy and defense sectors at the Court of Auditors
- 2004: General Directorate of the Treasury, Head of the Office for Monetary and Development Cooperation with African, Caribbean, Pacific and Franc Zone countries
- 2007: Deputy Director for the transport and audiovisual sectors at the State Holdings Agency (APE)
- 2010: Deputy Director for international financial affairs and development at the General Directorate of the Treasury
- 2012 to 2014: Director of the Office of Mr. Pierre Moscovici at the Ministry of the Economy and Finance
- 2014: Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development in charge of economic affairs
- 2015: Responsible for financial matters in the French negotiation team for COP21.
- June 2016: Appointed the 11th Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement.
Director of the Latin America and Caribbean Department of the French Development Agency (AFD) Régis Marodon visited Suriname from November 25th to 27th, 2015. On that occasion, AFD’s intervention in the field of health was highlighted with an on- site visit to the Albina Hospital at the border with French Guiana. The visit was concluded with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Suriname which concerns a joint program of activities over the next four years, concerning 5 projects for a total amount of 90 M€.
Cooperation with French Guiana
A 15 M€ project financed by AFD, started in 2009 aiming to improve the health infrastructures in the country. The construction of the Albina Hospital is the last component of this extensive investment program which also consists of a 1.1 M€ grant dedicated to bilateral cooperation with French Guiana.
In the Surinamese border town Albina a meeting was held regarding the addition of this town to the brainstorming process conducted by the City of Saint-Laurent du Maroni, which is focusing on the development perspectives of this French locality for the coming 60 years. The meeting was attended by the Mayor of Saint-Laurent du Maroni, the General Director of the Public Institution in charge of physical planning in French Guiana (EPAG) and the Head of Urban Planning of Suriname. The two banks of the Marowijne River will also be taken into account in this strategic reflection in order to address the trans-border challenges the two neighboring cities are experiencing.
Signing of a MoU for 2016-2019
On November 27th, Mr. Marodon and Minister of Finance Gillmore Hoefdraad signed a MoU setting out a 90 M€ work program for AFD in two strategic areas: i) Support Suriname towards a more sustainable and resilient growth pattern and ii) Focus on Eastern Suriname.
These sovereign loans will finance investments compliant with the priorities of the Surinamese Government in areas of vital interest to the general development of the country. AFD’s activities will concentrate on four objectives:
Optimize energy production and distribution
Promote sustainable access to drinking water and drainage
Support an integrated regional development in Eastern Suriname
Reduction of social inequalities through healthcare accessibility improvement for women
Central operator of the development assistance of the Government of France, AFD has opened its first office in Suriname in 2009. AFD has financed four projects totaling 55 M€ so far. As of January 1st 2016, the Paramaribo Office is operating under the supervision of the AFD resident mission in the Dominican Republic.
1,250.This is the number of kilometers of borders that French Guiana, a tiny part of France in Latin America, shares with Suriname and Brazil. Common health-related problems arise on a daily basis due to the continuous population movements. The same patients are treated on both sides of the borders. They encounter the same health situations – communicable or chronic – which are often very different from the problems in mainland France.
Strengthening cooperation between health actors
Cooperation between the health actors from the different countries is therefore essential for patient management, through the exchange of information, the harmonization of requirements and a complementarity between health structures. It also involves ensuring that disease control programs are consistent, and launching joint studies and information systems between border areas.
In Suriname, AFD is financing a health cooperation project with French Guiana, alongside major infrastructure projects on both sides of the border. Working groups have been set up between the two countries and joint studies have been conducted in order to develop harmonized action plans. Finally, the capacities of Suriname’s National Laboratory have been strengthened with a view to scaling up cooperation with the Institut Pasteur in French Guiana.
This support for the regional projects of the French Departments in the Americas (FDAs) can be seen with France’s financing of technical assistance at the headquarters of the Pan American Health Organization, as well as its involvement in the governance of the Caribbean Public Health Agency, and in the choice of the topic “International Cooperation in the FDA Zone” for the 2015 congress of the French West Indies/Guiana French Hospital Federation.
In French Guiana, Cayenne Hospital is going to develop a regional research and training platform on health in Amazonia.
Agence Française de Développement’s 2014 Results: Over EUR 8 billion for a more equitable and more sustainable world
Anne Paugam, Chief Executive Officer of AFD, today presented the key figures for the activity in 2014 of the central actor in France’s Official Development Assistance. With EUR 8.1 billion of commitments, up 4%, AFD has achieved another historic year for its activities to support a more equitable and more sustainable world.
“AFD’s mandate is central to the challenge of the coming years, which is to bring about new development models that ensure both the prosperity of the whole of the world’s population and preserve the planet. We contribute to this by tailoring our actions to the needs of partner countries”, explained Anne Paugam, Chief Executive Officer of AFD.
AFD is a public institution that implements France’s policy for development financing. It operates on four continents, in over 90 countries and in the French overseas territories, and works on a daily basis to meet its partners’ requirements. This results in investments in human capital, support for the private sector, financing for public transport projects, and assistance for the public policies of both governments and territorial authorities, in order to promote more equitable and more sustainable development trajectories.
AFD addresses the challenges of climate change, the impacts of which concern the entire planet, by showing on a daily basis that there are concrete solutions that reconcile climate and development. In 2014, 53% of AFD’s financing for development in developing countries generated positive impacts for the fight against climate change and 30% for PROPARCO, its private sector financing arm.
AFD’s actions bring about concrete impacts. Between 2012 and 2014, ongoing projects have:
- Got 2 million children into primary and secondary school;
- Improved housing for 2.3 million people;
- Provided 2.7 million people with access to a sustainable source of drinking water;
- Assisted the development of 246,000 small businesses;
- Supported 771,000 family farms;
- Preserved and sustainably managed 32 million hectares of natural spaces allowing biodiversity conservation.
Historic year for the climate: 53% of financing
In 2014, 53% of AFD’s financing for development in developing countries and almost 30% of its subsidiary PROPARCO’s financing for the private sector also had positive impacts on the fight against climate change as part of one of the most ambitious climate strategies among international development finance institutions, which was established at the request of the French Government. In 2014, it accounted for over EUR 2.8bn of financial commitments, including EUR 2.53bn for AFD. Since 2005, EUR 18bn have been earmarked by AFD for projects that reconcile development and climate.
AFD’s first climate bondsFor the first time, AFD has issued climate bonds with a 10-year maturity. They will finance projects that contribute to development, but also to the fight against climate change.
This EUR 1bn “climate” bond issue is the first of its kind conducted by a French public agency. It marks a new trend in the design of financial instruments to support the transition towards a low-carbon economy. Through its rigorous and innovative methodology, based on a systematic assessment of the carbon footprint of funded projects, AFD is seeking to demonstrate to financiers that it is possible to channel part of international finance towards “climate” assets.
Sub-Saharan Africa: Record commitments
In 2014, financing in Sub-Saharan Africa reached the record volume of EUR 2.95bn, i.e. 36.5% of AFD Group’s total financing (45% of financing in foreign countries). Through this strong commitment, which is in line with the objective set by the French President to provide EUR 20bn of financing to the continent by 2018, AFD aims to support the emergence of Africa in its growth trajectories. The projects supported by AFD provide access to essential services, develop sustainable cities, family farming, preserve natural resources, and build infrastructure and job-creating enterprises.
Crises: Specific intervention methods and tools
In Mali, the Central African Republic, Guinea… in countries in armed conflict or recently emerged from conflict, AFD has tailored its operating methods and tools to the specificity of these contexts. The aim is to be more responsive and work more effectively with the different partners and actors of emergency relief and development. Key projects in 2014 include: