Balinese sentinels


Indonesia has set up a unique high-tech surveillance center to monitor marine ecosystems and fight illegal fishing. In three years, the country has become a trailblazer in defending more sustainable fisheries.

Perancak, on the island of Bali, a two-hour drive from the capital city Denpasar. Beyond a grove of coconut palms, an immense white building rises into view, flanked by several radar antennae. Inside, a dozen young analysts work their eyes fixed on large banks of computer monitors. Numbers, photos, and maps scroll by rapidly. This is not a digital startup or the floor of a stock exchange. Rather, welcome to the Infrastructure Development for Space Oceanography (INDESO) — Indonesia’s national marine resources forecasting and management center. 


Deploying 25 satellites

On one of the monitors, small shapes move slowly: they represent fishing boats in the Celebes Sea, about 1500 kilometers away. Andy, who has worked at the center for three years, explains, “That’s a ship sailing under the flag of a neighboring county. It’s been anchored on the edge of territorial waters for two days. It may have engine trouble, or it may be waiting for a delivery from another boat. We call that ‘transbordering.’ That means transferring a boat’s catch onto another ship. It’s prohibited because it allows fishermen to launder their catch, or else make it disappear to another country. So we keep an eye on the area.”

An eye? More like an army of extra-powerful binoculars. Every day, 25 high-resolution ocean-observation satellites send data to Perancak; they provide information about water temperature, plankton concentrations, and currents. The data aggregates with a battery of other material:

  • reports from local buoys,
  • very high-resolution photographs of coastal areas and hills from optical satellites,
  • and precise day- or nighttime images from cutting-edge radar satellites, capable of transmitting through cloud cover.

These data and images further combine with GPS positions provided by ships, radio signals from automatic identification systems (AIS) and long-range identification and tracking (LRIT) geo-positioning data. Data combined from all these sources tell analysts everything that happens, everywhere, in close to real time.



INDESO analysts monitor the activity of fishing boats in real time. ©

The ravages of illegal fishing

Indonesia possesses one of the world’s largest exclusive economic zones (EEZs), a 7,900,000 square-meter areas where the coastal nation has jurisdiction over natural resources of the seabed, subsoil, and superjacent waters. Indonesia’s EEZ harbors the Coral Triangle; at its center sits a well of biodiversity, comprising major fisheries. Indonesia captures six million tons of seafood annually, ranking as the world’s second-largest producer. Fifty million Indonesians subsist on fishing and aquaculture. In addition, the sector generates nearly USD 3 billion in exports each year. Good resource management therefore becomes essential.



How can Indonesia keep watch over such a large territory? The archipelago — 17,500 islands situated at the crossroads of two oceans — borders the EEZs of six other countries, some of which do not regulate or monitor fishing activity. From the Celebes to the Arafura and Molucca Seas, hiding places abound, invisible to traditional radar and the Coast Guard. The result: illegal fishing has flourished since the 1990s. The Indonesian government has calculated that the annual loss represents billions of dollars, not to mention the cost of overfishing. Small-scale fishermen are the first to pay the price.


Big problems call for big solutions

Around the year 2010, Indonesia decided to gamble on outer space and cutting-edge technology to fight pirate fishermen. The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries called for a “Blue Revolution”, an ecological and commercial campaign to make Indonesia the region’s leading seafood producer and exporter.

In this context, in 2011 AFD agreed to finance the Infrastructure Development of Space Oceanography (INDESO) project ; AFD committed USD 30 million along with technical assistance. In 2014,  CLS, the global leader in land and sea surveillance for civilian applications , became the general contractor of this project.

The Indonesian analysts started to attend training sessions. In 2014, the high-tech center, the armed branch of the Blue Revolution, started to rise from the Balinese soil.


World-class equipment

Three years later, 100 scientists, engineers and project managers work at the center. According to the director, Dr. I. Nyoman Radiarta, “ INDESO is a world-class infrastructure. We use some of the world’s most advanced computer applications and algorithms here.”

Results are spectacular: analysts have detected illegal activity on dozens of ships, most often sailing under foreign flags, particularly Thai, Vietnamese and Filipino ones.In such cases, the Coast Guard boards and inspects the ships, then dynamites and sinks them. More than 300 boats have met this fate. The message is clear, undergirded by specific regulatory measures: Indonesia gives no quarter to illegal fishing.

“Indonesia has staked its future on a more transparent and law-abiding fishing sector,” explains François Henry, a halieutic engineer monitoring the project for AFD. “Neighboring countries – Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines – are considering similar projects. The entire sector is evolving.”


Much more to accomplish

In Perencak, we want to go further. INDESO has been conceived from the start as a global ecosystem management tool: not only can it counter illegal fishing, but it can also monitor sensitive habitats (such as coral reefs and mangroves), detect accidental hydrocarbon pollution, model fish populations, and study climate change effects.

Many potential tasks left to accomplish. Yet the Indonesian teams now have the expertise... The Blue Revolution has begun.

Rémy Rioux appointed Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement by the Council of Ministers today, 25 May 2016


Today, on a proposal made by François Hollande at the Parliament on 27 April 2016 and following a unanimous favorable vote of MPs and a majority of Senators, Mr. Rémy Rioux, 46, Deputy Secretary General of the French Ministry of Foreign affairs and International Development, has been appointed Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement, a Public Industrial and Commercial Establishment responsible for development in Southern countries and the French overseas territories. Rémy Rioux, AFD’s 11th Chief Executive Officer, will take over as head of AFD on 2 June 2016.

Rémy Rioux was born in June 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine and is an alumnus of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, rue d’Ulm, Sciences Po, and the Ecole Nationale d’Administration. He is a historian by training, a former student of Alain Corbin and Pierre Nora, and Senior Advisor at the Court of Auditors. During his career, he has alternately held responsibilities in France and for development in Africa.

Rémy Rioux appointed Chief Executive Officer of AFD © Alain Buu

At the age of 26, Rémy Rioux discovered Africa during an ENA internship in Benin, and subsequently by campaigning to promote the harmonization of business law in Africa. He has a love of this continent and has travelled across it throughout his career, established close ties there, and acquired a recognized expertise in development issues. He worked at the Directorate of the Treasury from 2004 to 2007, and subsequently from 2010 to 2012, where he contributed to modernizing monetary cooperation with African Franc Zone member countries, participated in the resolution of the Ivorian crisis, and contributed to making the issue of infrastructure and development central to the international agenda of the G20. At the time, he was a Member of the Boards of Directors of AFD and its subsidiary PROPARCO.

Rémy Rioux also conducted control missions in the energy and defense sectors at the Court of Auditors between 1997 and 2004. He worked at the Ministry of the Interior from 2000 to 2002, at the Office of the Minister Daniel Vaillant, where he was responsible for the budget and changeover to the euro. He also held a position at the State Holdings Agency (APE), from 2007 to 2010, as Chief Investment Officer responsible for the transport and media sectors, and sat on the Boards of Directors of various companies (SNCF, RATP, ADP, Renault, France Télévisions, France Médias Monde, Arte, le Grand Port Maritime du Havre).

In 2012, he was Director of the Office of the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Foreign Trade, Pierre Moscovici. He was actively involved in redefining economic relations between Africa and France and in the work conducted by Jacques Attali on economic Francophonie. Two years later, Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, appointed him Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry, in charge of economic issues. Alongside the Minister, he managed the financial component of the negotiations for COP21.

Following the announcement made by the French President in September 2015 of a revival of France’s Official Development Assistance policy and an increase in development and climate finance (by EUR 4bn by 2020, to reach EUR 12.5bn of annual commitments, including EUR 5bn for the climate), he was entrusted with a preparatory mission for the establishment of closer ties between Agence Française de Développement and Caisse des Dépôts, which aims to provide France with a tool capable of meeting the challenges of the Sustainable Development Goals.

He is a man of dialogue and conviction and is deeply attached to the Massif Central region, particularly Corrèze and Lozère, where he regularly stays with his wife and three children.

Key Dates

  • 26 June 1969: Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1997: Auditor at the Court of Auditors on leaving ENA (Marc Bloch Class), where he became Senior Advisor in 2013
  • 2001 and 2002: Budget Advisor at the Office of Daniel Vaillant at the Ministry of the Interior
  • 2003: Control missions in the energy and defense sectors at the Court of Auditors
  • 2004: General Directorate of the Treasury, Head of the Office for Monetary and Development Cooperation with African, Caribbean, Pacific and Franc Zone countries
  • 2007: Deputy Director for the transport and audiovisual sectors at the State Holdings Agency (APE)
  • 2010: Deputy Director for international financial affairs and development at the General Directorate of the Treasury
  • 2012 to 2014: Director of the Office of Mr. Pierre Moscovici at the Ministry of the Economy and Finance
  • 2014: Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development in charge of economic affairs
  • 2015: Responsible for financial matters in the French negotiation team for COP21.
  • June 2016: Appointed the 11th Chief Executive Officer of Agence Française de Développement.

Agence Française de Développement’s 2014 Results: Over EUR 8 billion for a more equitable and more sustainable world


Anne Paugam, Chief Executive Officer of AFD, today presented the key figures for the activity in 2014 of the central actor in France’s Official Development Assistance. With EUR 8.1 billion of commitments, up 4%, AFD has achieved another historic year for its activities to support a more equitable and more sustainable world.

AFD’s mandate is central to the challenge of the coming years, which is to bring about new development models that ensure both the prosperity of the whole of the world’s population and preserve the planet. We contribute to this by tailoring our actions to the needs of partner countries”, explained Anne Paugam, Chief Executive Officer of AFD.

AFD is a public institution that implements France’s policy for development financing. It operates on four continents, in over 90 countries and in the French overseas territories, and works on a daily basis to meet its partners’ requirements. This results in investments in human capital, support for the private sector, financing for public transport projects, and assistance for the public policies of both governments and territorial authorities, in order to promote more equitable and more sustainable development trajectories.

AFD addresses the challenges of climate change, the impacts of which concern the entire planet, by showing on a daily basis that there are concrete solutions that reconcile climate and development. In 2014, 53% of AFD’s financing for development in developing countries generated positive impacts for the fight against climate change and 30% for PROPARCO, its private sector financing arm.

Concrete impacts

AFD’s actions bring about concrete impacts. Between 2012 and 2014, ongoing projects have:

  • Got 2 million children into primary and secondary school;
  • Improved housing for 2.3 million people;
  • Provided 2.7 million people with access to a sustainable source of drinking water;
  • Assisted the development of 246,000 small businesses;
  • Supported 771,000 family farms;
  • Preserved and sustainably managed 32 million hectares of natural spaces allowing biodiversity conservation.



Historic year for the climate: 53% of financing

In 2014, 53% of AFD’s financing for development in developing countries and almost 30% of its subsidiary PROPARCO’s financing for the private sector also had positive impacts on the fight against climate change as part of one of the most ambitious climate strategies among international development finance institutions, which was established at the request of the French Government. In 2014, it accounted for over EUR 2.8bn of financial commitments, including EUR 2.53bn for AFD. Since 2005, EUR 18bn have been earmarked by AFD for projects that reconcile development and climate.






AFD’s first climate bonds

For the first time, AFD has issued climate bonds with a 10-year maturity. They will finance projects that contribute to development, but also to the fight against climate change.
This EUR 1bn “climate” bond issue is the first of its kind conducted by a French public agency. It marks a new trend in the design of financial instruments to support the transition towards a low-carbon economy. Through its rigorous and innovative methodology, based on a systematic assessment of the carbon footprint of funded projects, AFD is seeking to demonstrate to financiers that it is possible to channel part of international finance towards “climate” assets.



Sub-Saharan Africa: Record commitments

In 2014, financing in Sub-Saharan Africa reached the record volume of EUR 2.95bn, i.e. 36.5% of AFD Group’s total financing (45% of financing in foreign countries). Through this strong commitment, which is in line with the objective set by the French President to provide EUR 20bn of financing to the continent by 2018, AFD aims to support the emergence of Africa in its growth trajectories. The projects supported by AFD provide access to essential services, develop sustainable cities, family farming, preserve natural resources, and build infrastructure and job-creating enterprises.







Crises: Specific intervention methods and tools

In Mali, the Central African Republic, Guinea… in countries in armed conflict or recently emerged from conflict, AFD has tailored its operating methods and tools to the specificity of these contexts. The aim is to be more responsive and work more effectively with the different partners and actors of emergency relief and development. Key projects in 2014 include:
Ebola: a new treatment center was set up in the Guinea Forest Region thanks to a EUR 5m grant via a Debt Reduction-Development Contract
Bêkou Fund: this fund, with EUR 64m at the end of 2014, was created on the initiative of AFD. It allows European donors to pool their financing in order to support the crisis management and subsequent post-crisis process in CAR. It aims to recreate essential services, contribute to economic development and promote stability in the country and sub-region.



►Summary of 2014 activity results

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