Enriching knowledge about development issues
AFD takes active part in strategic international discussions and, equally, in enhancing thought about development aid modalities and solutions. AFD sees this creation of knowledge as an indispensible complement to its financial and technical operations, allowing it to tailor interventions as practices, needs and situations evolve.
Une entreprise dans un DOM. Est-ce que cela change la donne ? Une analyse comparative des entreprises des DOM et de métropole
Vincent CAUPIN and Bertrand SAVOYE (AFD)
A study on the specificities of the enterprises located in the French overseas territories: their strength, weaknesses, and a comparison with the context in Metropolitan France.
Les systèmes d’information sur les marchés agricoles en Afrique subsaharienne. De la première à la deuxième génération
Document in French
Hélène DAVID-BENZ (CIRAD), Johny EGG (IRAM), Franck GALTIER (CIRAD), Johanna RAKOTOSON (FAO Madagascar), SHEN Yuanyuan (Université Paris Sud-CIRAD) and Andrew KIZITO (Michigan State University)
Contact AFD: Marie-Cécile THIRION, Research Department
A document on the Market Information Services (MISs): implemented in the 1980's in a framework of markets liberalization, the MISs were frequently considered as unable to meet the operators' needs, as services with a heavy administrative burden and financially fragile. Recently, the devlopment of NICTs and other opportunies led to a renovation of these services.
Today, what are MISs in Africa? Are they now able to meet the various needs of the farmers, traders, consumers? Do they provide the decision makers with relevant information? Do the current tools enable one to communicate better or do they exclude players?
Today, development actors see urban heritage as a resource for their territory, which is why they need to define its economic value. This evaluation is a delicate exercise as such patrimony generally is a complex reality, consisting of four interdependent dimensions that are economic, cultural, social and environmental.
The methodology for evaluating the economic potential of such heritage as proposed here involves four analytical steps. The first step, identification of the patrimony, cannot be based on an economic approach alone, but combines this with historical and sociological inquiries. Evaluating the services rendered by an urban heritage is the second step. The third step is the pivotal one of the proposed methodology: based on the idea of sustainability—borrowed from environmental economics—investment flux is compares with degradation of the urban heritage. As a fourth step, we introduce threshold effects and the risk of non-sustainability into the analysis. A sustainability grid allows the reader to visualize and synthesize these four steps in a single diagram.
Michel VERNIERES (Coordination), Valéry PATIN, Christine MENGIN ( Paris 1 Panthéon – Sorbonne University), Vincent GERONIMI, Laurent DALMAS, Jean-François NOEL and Jessy TSANG KING SANG (CEMOTEV - EA 4457, Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines University). Contact AFD : Marie-Pierre BOURZAI-CHÉRIF