Impact evaluation of agricultural development programmes in Guinea

© Photo J. Delarue

I - Context

One of the major challenges in order to guarantee food security and reduce poverty in developing countries is how to raise productivity in agriculture. Guinea is still mainly a rural country and agriculture provides a livelihood for 80% of the population. After long years of being politically closed, national agricultural markets have developed thanks to the economic liberalisation that began in the 1980s.

In Guinea, donors have begun to implement projects to promote both the development of subsistence production for the local market (rice, palm oil…) and exports (coffee, rubber…) in order to bring foreign currency to the country.

II - Evaluative Questions

The impact evaluation concerns two types of project that are emblematic for agricultural development in Guinea. The first concerns SOGUIPAH, an agribusiness that produces palm oil and rubber. The Guinean State has also entrusted it with a local development and environmental protection mission. The second concerns lowlands development implemented with support from a number of donors in order to develop local rice production.

This evaluation was conducted in Forest Guinea by AGROPARISTECH in partnership with CIRAD and the Guinea Institute for Agronomic Research (IRAG).

III - Method

This evaluation analyses the long-term impact of projects on farmers’ incomes and provides insight into why some farmers were able to seize the opportunities linked to the project and why others were excluded. It addresses the indirect effects of the project on non-beneficiary farmers, local markets and the environment.

The analysis is based on an original impact evaluation that applies methodological tools developed by the AGROPARISTECH comparative chair. The in-depth analysis of agrarian dynamics and the differentiation of production systems make it possible to highlight the different project impacts. An economic analysis of the trajectory of farms – with and without a project – makes it possible to quantify these impacts. The results of the evaluation conducted from 2003 to 2007 are now available.

Documents relating to the evaluation and useful links

Last update in May 2011

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