Global public goods - Environment
AFD research on this topic falls into three categories:
- Energy-efficient rehabilitation of existing buildings in China
Existing residential and commercial buildings account for nearly 40% of world energy consumption. In China, the stock of such buildings amounts to some 40 billion square metres of space, and therefore offers strong potential for energy savings and the fight against global warming. A substantial research programme is thus being conducted in partnership with the Construction Commission of Hubei Province to meet the target, laid down in China’s 11th five-year plan, of reducing energy intensity by 20% over the 2006-2010 period. This multi-year programme addresses the technical, economic, institutional, environmental, social and financial dimensions of the task, with the goal of establishing an energy-efficiency policy in the provincial capital (population 7 million) and extending it to cover the entire province (population 60 million).
- Global public goods and local arenas
A comparative and cross-sectoral analysis of the relationship between “local arenas” (i.e. interplays of stakeholders, interests and power games at the local level) and a range of “global public goods” (the control of emerging diseases, the protection of biodiversity and the fight against climate change). The aim is to understand how the actors of international cooperation can better factor in local dynamics and power relations when designing their tools and interventions on these issues.
- Measuring natural capital and the benefits of preserving it
To justify the protection of natural capital and exploit it appropriately, one must first be able to measure its value. Existing measurement methods need to be taken further, improved and used to design real-world sustainable development policies.
Promoting Energy Efficiency Investments, a new joint AIE-AFD publication, describes the experiences of and lessons learned by five Northern countries in the energy-efficient rehabilitation of existing buildings. This sector has strong potential for energy savings and hence for the fight against global warming. <Order the book > <Further information>