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The population of Ghana is currently estimated at 26.6 million. Despite its new status as a middle-income country (approximately USD 1,500 per capita according to the International Monetary Fund in 2014), Ghana needs to face significant development challenges.
Even though its contribution to national wealth has declined since 2010 to the benefit of the oil sector, agriculture, which employs approximately 40% of the working population, continues to be a key sector for Ghana. Oil exploitation is, however, a major factor for the economic development of the country. Following a period of growth averaging 7% since 2012, above the average in the sub-region, Ghana’s economy is today experiencing a slowdown, which has resulted in the widening of macroeconomic imbalances (budget deficit and inflation above 10%). However, the start of future production of new gas and oil fields, as well as the Government’s commitment to reforms, give signs of more positive medium-term prospects for this country, which continues to be one of the main destinations for investors in Sub-Saharan Africa.
pdf : 1.09 MB
country / region: Ghana
collection :
L'AFD et
available also in : fr en