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Despite significant technological progress and increasing international awareness, the current development model (characterized by an overexploitation of natural resources and the belief in the infinite resilience capacity of our ecosystems) has impacts on the environment and the viability of the economy:

■ Geopolitical and economic tensions caused by the explosion in demand for raw materials, in a context of strong population growth, particularly in urban areas;
■ Ecosystem degradation and a threat to biodiversity due to the emission of undesirable byproducts (gaseous, liquid or solid). The costs of dealing with these negative effects are constantly increasing (water treatment, climate change adaptation).

To address these issues, the international community is gradually converging towards a common agenda that recognizes the need to build a model with a reduced carbon footprint in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
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