Mozambique is a country rich in plant and animal biodiversity. The province of Zambezia, in the center of the country, is one of the most forested, but it is also the most exposed to deforestation (agriculture, mining, illegal logging ...).
The Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG) is responsible for forests, and participates in the implementation of REDD +, an international mechanism that encourages developing countries to protect and restore their forest carbon stocks. More than 130 REDD + projects exist around the world, dominated by projects fighting against deforestation and degradation.
The Gilé National Reserve in Zambezia is one of the first REDD + projects in Africa. The reserve is a protected area that hosts exceptional biodiversity with various species classified as "vulnerable" or "endangered".
The project is structured around four components:
- Estimate the REDD + potential of the nature reserve and its periphery
- Measure greenhouse gas emission reductions
- Develop pilot activities
- Manage the reserve
The project has helped fight against climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. It will also implement a model of resistance and adaptation to climate change in the Miombo forest in northern Mozambique.
As a REDD + pilot project, it will feed into the reflections of the national REDD + strategy and the development of associated tools. It will also contribute to the protection of ecosystems and local biodiversity and contribute to the socio-economic development of communities living on the periphery of the reserve.
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