In the coming decades, West African countries could benefit from a “demographic window of opportunity” in order to reduce their poverty. The entry of 160 million young people into the labor market between 2010 and 2030 can accelerate economic growth. However, these countries will only benefit from this “demographic dividend” – which the now emerging countries have been doing for the past 40 years – if they lower their fertility rates. This in turn will reduce the number of inactive dependents per worker. Yet with an average of over five children per woman, these rates continue to be the highest in the world.
But how should this major demographic turning point be addressed? This publication provides a synthesis of an extensive study conducted in 12 West African countries. It seeks to identify the public policies and levers for action (family planning and promotion of contraception in particular) that are likely to meet this challenge. To achieve this, the countries in question will need to allocate three to five times more resources to this policy than they do today.
on the same regionInstitutional documentpublished in November 2019Research documentpublished in November 2019Institutional documentpublished in October 2019Institutional documentpublished in October 2019Institutional documentpublished in October 2019Vidéopublished in October 2019
on the same topicVidéopublished in November 2019Research documentThe economic trigger: Enabling gendered social inclusion processes and outcomes amidst poverty escapes in Niger and Malawipublished in October 2019Vidéopublished in October 2019Vidéopublished in September 2019Research documentpublished in July 2019Research documentpublished in February 2019
from the same collectionResearch documentpublished in July 2015Research documentpublished in May 2015Research documentpublished in February 2015Research documentpublished in February 2014Research documentpublished in July 2013Research documentManaging food price instability in developing countries - A critical analysis of strategies and instrumentspublished in April 2013