The mobility of people and goods is one of the key conditions for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): it is indispensable for enabling people to access employment and basic services (health, education); for the effective and sustainable functioning of a productive economy; and so that cities can remain efficient, breathable and liveable.
Mobility is shaped by individual choices made by a multitude of free economic actors, who are part of a “mobility system” combining infrastructures, associated services and a regulatory framework. As a result, we need to pull all of these levers to enable mobility systems in meeting two main challenges:
- sectoral challenges linked to a fast-growing demand for mobility in a context of exploding urbanisation and trade between the major economic regions being re-balanced worldwide;
- external challenges: the fight against climate change and air pollution, the new energy paradigm and the digital revolution, the combination of them leading to new economic models and organisational frameworks.
To better address these challenges, the AFD Group has adopted a new “Mobility and Transport” sector operational framework which derives its “Territorial and Ecological Transition” strategy at a sector-specific level. In line with the AFD Group 2018–2022 Strategy, and to align with the orientations recognized by the transport sector’s international community, the “Mobility and Transport” sector operational framework focuses on four sectoral goals:
- Inclusive mobility systems, towards isolated or disadvantaged regions (equity and territorial cohesion), vulnerable communities (service access for all) and the poorest (financial inclusion).
- “Green” and low carbon mobility systems designed to maximise the positive impacts and avoid, mitigate and compensate the negative impacts on the environment; and aimed at reducing local pollution and accelerating the decarbonisation of the sector.
- Efficient and sustainable mobility systems: effective sectoral governance (planning, financing, management rules) for operations and maintenance; sound technical choices to boost local economies at a reasonable cost and over the long term (resilience).
- Safe and secure mobility systems for all, which covers the safety of complex systems and road safety, as well as the fight against the insecurity experienced by women in transport and public spaces.
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