Three-quarters of the population of Lagos, Africa’s most populous city, live in precarious settlements or vulnerable environments. AFD helps local authorities fight insalubrity and broaden access to basic social services.

The Federal Republic of Nigeria is the largest economy as well as the most populous country in Africa, with about 193 million inhabitants. Lagos is the continent’s largest city, with more than 20 million inhabitants, according to Lagos State estimates. With several hundreds of thousands of new inhabitants every year, its population is projected to grow at more than 3.5% per year until 2025, one of the fastest growth rates in the world. However, 70% of Lagos residents live in precarious settlements or vulnerable natural environments (lagoon and swampy areas). Ten years ago, after decades of mismanagement and lack of public investment, Lagos State government initiated a “voluntarist” urban development policy, mainly in the transportation and waste management sectors. But the current provision of basic public services, expansion of networks and housing construction are hardly consistent with the demographic pressure exerted on the city.


The Lagos Integrated Urban Development Project aims at improving the living conditions of the most vulnerable inhabitants of Lagos. It has three objectives: to reduce insalubrity and broaden access to basic public services in the neighbourhoods of Ifelodun and Bariga: this includes roadworks, the development of basic health and education infrastructures, better access to safe water and a rehabilitation of the drainage system; to improve the management and treatment of solid waste in Lagos State, with the construction of new waste management infrastructures, such as a new sanitary landfill complying with international sanitary and environmental standards and 31 new communal waste depots; to strengthen the capacities of Lagos State in sustainable urban development and waste management, providing adapted technical assistance to its institutions and agencies. This program lays an emphasis on reinforcing savoir-faire and encouraging the communities’ participation in its projects.


Improved living conditions of 267,000 people Sustainable treatment of 1,500 tons of solid waste per day 140,000 tons per year decrease in CO2 emissions

project start date
project end date
5 years
Duration of funding
Quartiers d'Ifelodun et Bariga
100 000 000
amount of the program
Lagos State