Ethiopia has an urban population growth of about 4% a year. It is facing a significant challenge:
by 2020, 30% of Ethiopians are expected to live in cities, against 18% in 2013. Its capital Addis Ababa should see its population double by 2022.
In addition to this strong population growth, there has been sustained economic development for several years, leading to changes in ways of life and consumption, which can clearly be seen with the increase in solid waste production: 900 tons are produced every day. This waste has to be collected, transported and buried in the Koshe Reppi landfill, which has been opened since 1964. This landfill is located in a 30.5 ha area in the city center and has no pollution control mechanism, with stockpiled waste reaching up to 15 m high.
In 2010, the site was reaching saturation and was a major source of disturbances. The Addis Ababa municipality requested AFD’s support for the definition and implementation of a solid waste management policy.
This operation includes the urgent closing works for the Koshe Reppi dumpsite (conducted from 2011 to 2013) and all the support for the strategic and technical studies to define and implement a solid waste management strategy for the city for a 20-year period.
These studies include detailed design and supervision services for construction works for the new sanitary landfill and two transfer stations.To date, 19 ha out of the current 30.5 ha have been rehabilitated.
The second rehabilitation phase will be undertaken after ending of the exploitation of the site.
This will be possible when the new sanitary landfill opens.
AFD has made a sustainable contribution to improving living conditions for the population of the Ethiopian capital via the closing of the current dumpsite (located in the city center), the financing of detailed studies for the construction of a new sanitary landfill and two transfer stations in line with international standards, as well as institutional assistance. The new developments in the area and the increase in the real estate value are the first positive signs for this urban space.
Close attention is being given to he situation of the 650 rag pickers working on the landfill when the works started, in order to facilitate their social and professional integration through specific and personal measures. Some of them should be redirected towards the transfer stations and sorting area.