Water and Sanitation
Supporting the definition of clear and effective sectoral frameworks
Providing high-quality water and sanitation services
Sutainably managing water resources
Controlling flood risks
The water and sanitation sector is central to sustainable development challenges. Access to drinking water and sanitation was recognized as a human right by the United Nations in 2010 and is a prerequisite for improving public health and gender equality. Water is a source of life and biodiversity. It is a global good and its preservation is one of the main environmental challenges of the 21st century, especially as this resource is already under pressure and is particularly vulnerable to climate change. Water and sanitation are also engines for greener and more inclusive growth.
The importance of water in the international agenda for the fight against poverty for over 15 years has brought about significant headway. However, 2.1 billion people do not have access to drinking water at home and 4.4 billion do not have improved sanitation services… Furthermore, the sector suffers from a lack of governance, which reduces its effectiveness and deters potential investors.
AFD attaches particular importance to water and sanitation. We have a wide range of means for operations in the sector: capacity building and social support, infrastructure financing, knowledge production and partnerships.
Between 2014 and 2018, we have committed an annual average of EUR 700m for the sector in developing countries, and EUR 50m in countries in the French overseas territories. At least EUR 250m contribute to adaptation to climate change. 50% of our “water projects” also have a positive impact on gender equality.