Climate

The current models of production and consumption are exhausting biodiversity and natural resources. The greenhouse gases we emit are accelerating climate change… Since 2005, the climate has been a priority for AFD. That’s because climate and development are two interrelated emergencies. And also because, all over the world, energy and ecology transitions provide opportunities. Now is the time for action. Our objective? That all our projects be 100% compatible with the Paris Agreement.
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solar plant, New Era, India, solar pannels, renewables, Chandra
AFD's climate ambition: to be a development bank 100% compatible with the paris agreement
Solar plant, Noor II, Ouarzazate, Morocco, Zizola

Activity that's "100% Paris Agreement

wind farms, nature, New-Caledonia, renewables, Chélard

Activity that's "100% Paris Agreement

In 2017, the entire AFD Group undertook to make its activity be 100% compatible with the Paris Agreement. This unprecedented commitment bears witness to our proactive stance in climate matters.

Being “100% Paris Agreement” implies analyzing each of the Group’s interventions to see that they are consistent with long-term low-carbon and resilient development in the country where they are implemented. This analysis is rounded out by an assessment of the level to which our investments are exposed to climate risks, be they physical or related to low-carbon transition policies. These analyses are used in delivering the Sustainable Development Opinion given to projects at the examination stage. 

In order to go even further in co-building in climate matters with its partner countries, AFD is setting up the “2050 Facility” dedicated to developing long-term low-carbon and resilient development strategies that the COP21 has asked all countries to produce by 2020.

This commitment comes in addition to another one that already exists within the Group: seeing to it that 50% of annual financing goes to projects that have a direct and beneficial impact on the climate.

Increasing the volume of climate financing

Environments, plants, growing crop, nature, New-Caledonia

Increasing the volume of climate financing

In 2012, AFD made a commitment that 50% of its annual financing in foreign countries would concern projects that had a co-benefit for the climate. This objective has been renewed and extended to the entire AFD Group.

AFD has set an objective of reaching 5 billion euros of commitments per year in favor of the climate by 2020 in foreign countries. Special effort will be made in adaptation projects (objective of 1.5 billion euros per year by 2020).

In 2017, the AFD Group committed 4 billion euros of financing for the climate, through 124 projects. This level of commitment saw marked increase over 2016 (+12%) and brought the total of the Group’s commitments since 2005 for projects co-benefiting the climate to more than 29 billion euros.

Redirecting financial and investment flows

Assessment climate loan, Indonesia, green finance

Redirecting financial and investment flows

Above and beyond a role of solidarity towards the countries that are the most vulnerable and the least able to seize the opportunities of the green economy, development banks now have a major role to play as a “catalyst” and above all to “reorient” global public and private investment towards investments adapted to countries’ low-carbon and resilient transitions.

AFD is currently seeking to maximize its financing’s snowball effect on the redirection of private investments, largely via credit lines to banks or through direct financing by Proparco, the Group’s private-sector subsidiary.

Jointly building solutions and influencing norms

NOOR II, Ouarzazate, Morocco, solar plant, Zizola

Jointly building solutions and influencing norms

To work on the practices related to climate financing, we actively participate in the major international meetings and in the discussions on climate financing that are part of the COP, Climate Weeks or more recently the One Planet Summit

AFD is involved in a great many initiatives to help better integrate climate into the strategies and operations of financial institutions, in particular the Mainstreaming Climate Action in Financial Institutions initiative and the integration of climate financial risks, and the Taskforce on Climate Financial Related Disclosure.

Furthermore, AFD has been accredited to the Green Climate Fund since 2015, and it has obtained approval for two initial adaptation projects, in fighting flooding in cities in Senegal and in agriculture in Morocco.

Climate and the role of national development banks

One Planet Summit, assembly, Paris, Chabrol

Climate and the role of national development banks

In October 2017, AFD was appointed to chair the International Development Finance Club (IDFC), a unique network of 23 national, regional and international development banks from around the world, 19 of which are based in developing countries.

With annual commitments of nearly $800 billion, of which 20% ($158 billion in 2016) are climate-dedicated, IDFC is the world’s top public donor for the climate.

AFD works with IDFC in several areas, especially in implementation of the Paris Agreement; methodology to determine amounts of climate financing, especially for adaptation; and joint commitments by IDFC and the group of multilateral development banks made during the One Planet Summit on December 12, 2017. 

48
million fewer tons of C02 per year thanks to the projects granted in 2017
29
billion euros committed to the climate since 2005
50%
of the AFD Group’s activity has co-benefits for the climate
100%
compatible with the Paris Agreement

Droughts, flooding, rising sea level, cyclones, etc.… Global warming is making itself increasingly felt on our planet. Its effects are very visible in the developing countries, which are also the most vulnerable ones. Global warming thus has serious consequences for humankind and the environment.

For AFD, the conclusions are clear: sustainable development and fighting poverty cannot be dissociated from fighting global warming and protecting the environment and biodiversity.

That’s why for more than 10 years we have been committed to the climate, by interconnecting our actions among three themes: mitigation of climate change (i.e. limiting greenhouse gases); adaptation to the impacts of climate change (i.e. reducing the exposure and vulnerability of people and territories to climate events); and support to States, communities and territories in the setting up of development trajectories that are low-carbon and resilient to climate change.

To carry this out, we have a wide range of financial tools, such as loans, budgetary aid, guarantees, investments in capital or in grants, and technical assistance). We also mobilize resources from European and international sources such as the Green Climate Fund. Finally, we enhance our climate efforts by striving for project co-financing with other French and international donors.

And, just recently, we strengthened our climate ambitions, having set a big objective within our new climate strategy adopted in November 2017: that of becoming a development bank “100% compatible with the Paris Agreement”.

With 29 billion euros of financing approved for the climate since 2005, we are one of the main international donors providing climate financing.

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Evaluation document

Ex Post Written and Audiovisual Evaluation of the Limpopo National Park Development Project

The Limpopo National Park (LNP) is one of the largest parks in Mozambique. It covers 11,230 km 2 (an area the size of Ile-de-France) and is part of a larger transfrontier park ...
Sep 2016
Evaluation document

Indonesia Climate Change Programme Loan (ICCPL)

In close partnership in 2008, 2009 and 2010, JICA and AFD approved a series of “climate” budget loans to the Indonesian Government in order to facilitate the design and implementation of an ambitious ...
Jun 2014
Research document

Crisis and Development. The Lake Chad Region and Boko Haram

From 2009, insecurity linked to the insurgency of the Boko Haram group and its repression spreads from the heart of Nigerian Borno to the north-east of the country and then to ...
Aug 2018
Research document

Assessing and Addressing Climate Governance Challenges in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This guide is intended to help staff of Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and other interested stakeholders identify and address potential domestic governance barriers to implementing and enhancing ...
Jan 2018
Research document

Vulnerabilities to climate change in the French overseas territories and small island states

The Physical Vulnerability to Climate Change Index (PVCCI) measures the vulnerability of small island territories to the impacts of climate change, whether periodic (cyclones, droughts) or progressive (rise in average ...
Jan 2018
Research document

Flood risk and cities in developing countries

The risk of flooding is a natural hazard affecting the most people worldwide. However, it is more of a risk in terms of material damage than a lethal risk for ...
Dec 2017
Institutional document

Financing climate action

The climate is today the marker of the identity of AFD Group. In 2018, this already strong orientation has been strengthened with a new climate strategy (2017-2022), which reflects AFD’s ...
Oct 2018
Institutional document

Southern Africa: Biodiversity

Southern Africa has a rich natural heritage of global significance to the world’s climate and biological diversity. Unfortunately, the capacity of nature to maintain this biological wealth is rapidly ...
Sep 2018
Institutional document

Climate Finance, reviving the spirit of COP 21

Three years after COP21, as we witness on a daily basis the devastating effects of climate change and the urgent need to increase ambition, climate finance issues come back strongly ...
Sep 2018
Institutional document

Southern Africa: Energy transition

Southern Africa has access to a wealth of primary renewable energy sources, with enough geothermal, hydro, wind and solar resources to provide gigawatts of power. However, the adoption of low-carbon ...
Sep 2018
Video

One Planet Summit: What results?

In 2017, at the One Planet Summit in Paris, States, companies, foundations and institutions, including AFD, made concrete commitments for the climate. On 26 September 2018, they met again in New York. Where ...
Sep 2018
Video

One Planet Summit: what results?

Nine months after the first summit in Paris, members of the One Planet coalition are meeting again this Wednesday, September 26 in New York to take stock of the progress of ...
Sep 2018
Video

Anne Odic : Cities have a role to play in the fight against the climate change

Cities have an absolutely essential role to play in the fight against climate change. Anne Odic, Head of cities division at AFD explains it in a few minutes.
Sep 2018
Video

Sahel Alliance: HAWA and AMADOU

Social assistance and climate resilience programme in Mauritania In Mauritania, a TEKAVOUL social protection system allows families to keep children in school. It is a support and a regular payment ...
Jul 2018