Jordan

Jordan is a pole of stability in a particularly unstable regional environment. It is continuing its investments and implementing the reforms required for its future to provide decent living conditions for its population and the large number of refugees it hosts. AFD is very actively involved in supporting public policies and projects that promote a balanced development of the territory.
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AFD AND JORDAN: OPTIMIZING THE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND STRENGTHENING ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
school, kids, Jordan, education

Improving access to water and sanitation

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Improving access to water and sanitation

Jordan is one of the Middle East countries with the scarcest water resources, which do not meet the needs of populations and economic activities. In this highly strategic sector, the Jordanian Government has set the priority of improving the duration of water distribution to its population. This objective will be achieved by increasing the production capacity, improving the output on drinking water distribution networks and developing treated wastewater. 

Since 2006, AFD has been supporting the Ministry of Water and Irrigation and its two authorities, the Water Authority of Jordan and Jordan Valley Authority, through technical and financial assistance. We contribute to financing large-scale infrastructure projects which increase production, transfer drinking water to inhabited regions and treat wastewater. We also support public water policy reforms. 

As a result, 80% of the population has benefited from improved access to water and a more regular supply thanks to AFD-funded projects.

Thanks to the Disi project, the duration of water distribution in Amman has risen from 45 hours a week to 60 hours.

Supporting the energy transition

solar panels, Jerash university, Jordan, energy

Supporting the energy transition

Jordan may not have oil, but it does have ideas. An ambitious policy for energy efficiency and renewable energy development has been implemented to achieve the country’s energy transition. In addition to contributing to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, this policy is improving the country’s energy independence and reducing the cost of its hydrocarbon imports. It is thereby limiting the impact of the revaluation of the price of energy on households.

In Jordan, AFD finances solar and wind renewable energy projects and energy efficiency projects, strengthens distribution infrastructure and supports public policy reforms. 
25% of the country’s total renewable energy capacity, i.e. 141 MW, has been cofinanced by AFD, including by its private sector financing arm, PROPARCO.

Supporting local and urban development

cars, works, infrastructure, Amman, Jordan

Supporting local and urban development

The country’s economic growth is unevenly distributed and is combined with development gaps between regions and between municipalities. The Jordanian Government has set out to reduce these economic disparities on its territory by conducting a local development policy to strengthen municipal governance and public service provision, with a focus on public transport. 

AFD finances transport infrastructure projects both at national and municipal level (BRT – Bus Rapid Transit in Amman). We are also supporting public policy reform in this sector. 

100% of municipalities have benefitted from the municipal small-scale investments program. By 2020, the 150 rapid buses in Amman will be carrying 315,000 passengers a day.

Reducing vulnerabilities

School, Jordanie, children, pupils

Reducing vulnerabilities

The regional crises in Iraq and Syria place a heavy burden on Jordan, which is making an unparalleled solidarity effort to host refugees, who are mainly Syrian. In 2017, it was estimated that there are almost a million Syrian refugees in Jordan, i.e. 10% of the country’s population, of which only 655,000 are registered with UNHCR. 85% of them live in cities in the North (Irbid, Mafraq, Ajloun and Jerash), as well as in the capital Amman. They benefit from access to public services (education, health), which places an additional burden on the State.

Our operations contribute to the resilience of all vulnerable populations affected by the crisis: host communities, which are frequently disadvantaged, and refugees, who share similar features of fragility and whose needs are a matter of both humanitarian assistance and development. Since 2014, AFD has been financing projects implemented by NGOs, with grant resources from France or the European Union’s Madad Fund.

More generally, all our projects take into account the psychosocial risks and needs for basic services (water, health, education) of these vulnerable populations. 

France has launched an initiative for the Middle East, SAWA, which is designed to address the resilience issues of this regional crisis. AFD supports projects for access to employment via vocational training for vulnerable populations through this initiative. 

45
projects financed in 11 years
100%
of municipalities have benefited from the municipal small-scale investments program
80%
of Jordanians have improved access to drinking water
EUR 1,200m
committed in 11 years

Jordan is a semi-desert Middle Eastern country surrounded by Saudi Arabia, the West Bank, Iraq, Israel and Syria. It has a 26 km-long coastline along the Gulf of Aqaba. Despite the major regional crises affecting its immediate neighborhood (Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Syrian and Iraqi crises), Jordan has managed to maintain its stability and continue its development. 

Jordan benefits from strong international support to address a difficult economic and persistent situation (mass influx of refugees, halt in regional trade, decline in tourism), while drawing on its own natural and financial resources, which weakens its economic and social balances. In this particularly constrained context, the Jordanian Government is taking measures to continue the investments and reforms required for its medium-term development, and offer prospects of resilience to host communities and decent living conditions for the refugees on its territory. The London Conference, in February 2016, laid the foundations for a medium-term contract between Jordan and the international community to support this twofold ambition. 

In ten years of operations in Jordan, AFD has established itself as a major partner in the cooperation landscape. Our activities principally focus on two main themes: the management of natural constraints (water and energy) and economic and social development (support for local and urban development). We have implemented AFD Group’s wide range of technical and financial instruments for this purpose, mainly through cofinancing, for a total amount of EUR 1.2bn of commitments at the end of July 2017. The European Union and bilateral partners, such as USAID, entrust us with resources from delegated funds, which amounted to EUR 180m of grants at the end of 2017.

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