© Idriss Djimet pour l'AFD
This map is for illustrative purposes only and does not engage the responsibility of the AFD Group
In 2012 the Evaluation Division of AFD’s Research Department decided to evaluate and follow up 20 years of AFD Group interventions in the pastoral water sector in Chad. This exercise, which ...
There are several approaches to fragile states. The first, based on the crisis cycle, distinguishes between deteriorating countries, countries in prolonged crisis, countries emerging from crisis, and countries showing gradual ...
For twenty years now, the Sahel region has been marked by rising insecurity, political crises, and poorly controlled flows of people, arms and illegal goods, with a major risk of ...
Self-produced food amounts to less than half of the total food that people consume, and the provision of food is therefore largely reliant on market supply, in urban and rural ...
Pastoralism has long been regarded as archaic, but recent research shows that pastoral systems can effectively exploit the characteristic instability of dryland ecosystems and make productive use of their considerable ...
It is now a widely recognised fact in the economic literature that the level of per capita income and the degree of sectoral concentration of economic activity evolve together over ...