- Cities are now home to more than half of the world's population and the majority of its economic output, thus contributing significantly to climate change with almost 70% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They also have the leverage to reduce these emissions through their responsibilities in the areas of land use, urban planning, transport, social and economic inclusion and natural resource and waste management. Therefore, 50 to 80% of the measures needed to adapt territories to climate change can be implemented at the local level: cities are therefore also a key player in resilience to the effects of climate change.
- African cities are especially vulnerable to the present and future impacts of climate change. On the one hand, they are often located in coastal or river areas and are therefore more exposed to rising water levels; regardless of their location, they are subject to extreme hydro meteorological events (floods, heat waves, etc.). On the other hand, their development is still mostly unsupervised: 40% of their growth takes place through the formation or densification of precarious neighbourhoods. The lack of sustainable infrastructure and essential services reinforces socio-economic inequalities, precariousness, and insecurity, particularly for women and the most vulnerable populations, and adds to the consequences of climate change on the daily lives of populations.
In order to undertake a just transition, cities are invited to play a leading role incontributing to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). According to the OECD, achieving at least 105 of the 169 SDG "targets" will depend on a sustained commitment from cities.
Since COP21 and its "action agenda", the role of cities in the fight against climate change has been strengthened. Cities are now developing strategies to make their public policies more sustainable and their urban development plans less emissive and more resilient. They are supported in this process by numerous partners (city networks, foundations, donors).
The operational implementation of these strategies in inclusive and sustainable urban investments requires financial resources and expertise. Funding and the carrying out of a pre-feasibility or feasibility study phase are too often the missing link in a structured climate strategy.
CICLIA, a facility for the preparation of urban climate co-benefit projects, was created to address this. CICLIA was one of the first funding and support mechanisms to incorporate climate issues into the preparation of projects for African urban populations.