- The conference
When global crises in several areas and civil society mobilization for a just transition are multiplying, sustainability of development trajectories and the need for greater consistency of SDGs have risen to the forefront of many debates. Anchored in a context where economic issues often take precedence over longer-term environmental problems, these debates have contributed to bring the notion of strong sustainability - AFD's 15th International Research Conference flagship topic - back to the spotlight.
The conference’s multidisciplinary program is designed around three principles of strong sustainability: non-substitutability between capitals, multidimensionality, and the social construct.
The event comprises two academic days and one open discussion day: 7 plenary sessions and 13 parallel sessions will combine theoretical insights, testimonies, and recommendations for the public and private sectors to address better political, environmental, economic, and social challenges in the field of development.
How to attend the conference?
This year, the event will be held in a hybrid format, with the possibility of attending the conference either in the AFD Nelson Mandela Auditorium at the Mistral (December 7th and 8th) and the Espace du Centenaire (December 9th) or from the dedicated digital platform. It will be composed of two academic days - fed by a call for papers - and an open discussion day.
To go further:
- Read our research paper "A strong sustainability approach to development trajectories"
- Download the conference's concept note
AN ECLECTIC PROGRAM AT THE CROSSROADS OF SEVERAL DISCIPLINES
The conference program is structured around the three guiding principles of strong sustainability proposed by AFD to guide development trajectories’ construction. The first principle recognizes the non-substitutability between different types of capital (economic, social, and natural). Due to the irreversible nature of the "critical" components of natural capital, the latter is considered as non-interchangeable and unique in the way it contributes to the well-being and the possibility of life on Earth. In this frame, economic and social spheres - themselves interdependent via the knowledge or institutions - can no longer exist separately from the environment. Strong sustainability approach considers the need to respect social floors, recognizes planetary resources finiteness of the constraints that these limits pose to economic growth. Its approach is holistic and based on scientific analyses from several disciplines (principle 2). As a result of multi-scale deliberations, once the stakeholders involved have prioritized the scientific findings, a social construct describing a desirable sustainable state reconciling economic, social and environmental objectives can emerge (principle 3). Based on these principles, the conference is organized as follows.
TWO ACADEMIC DAYS TO RETHINK SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT
4 plenary sessions and 13 parallel sessions will punctuate the academic days. During the first session, economists and climatologists will be questioned on the interplay between their disciplines, the notion of climate tipping points, and planetary limits, which provides a means of monitoring the environmental state of the Earth, through nine interconnected thresholds, six of which have already been exceeded.
After revisiting the concept of sustainability through integrated biophysical approaches, a Senegalese philosopher, a German sociologist, and a Nepalese ethnographer will seek to question, from an ontological, biophysical and socio-economic perspective, the posture of "development within limits" and the notion of post-development.
In the following plenary session, economists from South Africa, philosophers, and engineers will propose re-reading sustainability trajectories through structural changes. Then, a final panel of experts will discuss the social dimensions of ecological transitions and the notion of a social construct built around a “good state” reconciling environmental, social, and economic knowledge.
During the parallel sessions, researchers will present 39 academic papers. Each document will contain recommendations for action on various themes such as energy transition, climate damage, biodiversity constraints, transition risks, governance, and ecological planning.
AN OPEN DISCUSSION DAY: TOWARDS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRONG SUSTAINABILITY TRAJECTORIES?
This day will combine academic insights, interventions by policymakers, and testimonies from civil society around methodological issues of trajectories construction, public policy dialogue, but also financial instruments to carry strong sustainability trajectories.
Thus, this multidisciplinary conference objective is twofold: developing concrete recommendations for the public and private sectors, but also generating knowledge related to strong sustainability.
- Souleymane BACHIR DIAGNE
Philosopher and Professor of philosophy and French, Columbia University, USA
- Carl BERNADAC
Deputy Director of Innovation, Strategy and Research, French Agency for Development, France
- Reinette Oonsie BIGGS
Co-director, Centre for Sustainability Transitions (CST), Stellenbosch University, South Africa & South African Research Chair (SARChI) in Social-Ecological Systems & Resilience, South Africa
- Bruno BOIDIN
Professor of economics, specialist in sustainable development and development economics, Centre Lillois d’études et de recherches sociologiques et économiques (CLERSE), France
- Laura CARVALHO
Director of Research Center on Macroeconomics of Inequality (Made), and Associate Professor of Economics, University of São Paulo, Brésil
- Fatima DENTON
Director of the United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNU-INRA), Ghana
- Hélène DJOUFELKIT
Director of the Economic Diagnostics and Public Policy Department, French Agency for Development, France
- Ambroise FAYOLLE
Vice-president of the European Investment Bank, Luxembourg
- Marc FLEURBAEY
Research Director, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), France
- Antoine GODIN
Head of the GEMMES macroeconomic modelling Unit at the Economic Diagnostics and Public Policy Department, French Agency for Development, France
- Sylvie GOULARD
Second Deputy Governor of Banque de France and former Minister of Defense in France
- Diego GUEVARA (TBC)
General Vice-minister at the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, Colombia
- Céline GUIVARCH
Research Director, International Research Center for Environment and Development (CIRED), Ecole des Ponts Paris Tech, France
- Stephane HALLEGATE
Economist and Senior Advisor on Climate Change, World Bank, USA
- Tim LENTON
Professor of Climate Change and Earth System Science, University of Exeter, UK
- Aurore MATHIEU
International Policy Manager, Climate Action Network (RAC), France
- Cheikh MBOW
General Director, Ecological Monitoring Centre (CSE), Senegal
- Pamela MCELWEE
Professor in the Department of Human Ecology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences at Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, USA
- Thomas MELONIO
Executive Director of Innovation, Strategy, and Research, French Agency for Development, France
- Helen MOUNTFORD
President and CEO of ClimateWorks Foundation, USA
- Lauriane MOUYSSET
CNRS Researcher, Centre International de Recherche pour l'Environnement et le Développement (CIRED), France
- Luiz Awazu PEREIRA DA SILVA
Deputy General Manager of the Bank for International Settlements, Switzerland
- Antonin POTTIER
Associate Professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Researcher at Centre International de Recherche pour l'Environnement et le Développement (CIRED)
- Rémy RIOUX
Director General of AFD, French Agency for Development, France
- Alex TAYLOR
- Fiona TREGENNA
Professor of Economics and South African Research Chair in Industrial Development, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
- Sébastien TREYER
Executive Director, Institut du développement durable et des relations internationales (IDDRI), France
- Mathis WACKERNAGEL
Founder and President, Global Footprint Network, USA
- Pearly WONG
Ethnographer and Doctoral Candidate, University of Wisconsin–Madison, USA
- Chrysoula ZACHAROPOULOU (TBC)
Secretary of State for Development, Francophonie and International Partnerships, French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, France
- Aram ZIAI
Chair of Development and Postcolonial Studies, Executive Director of Global Partnership Network, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Kassel, Germany
- MCELWEE Pamela, HE Jun, HSU Minna, Challenges to understanding and managing cultural ecosystem services in the global South, Ecology and Society, 27(3), 2022
- MC ELWEE Pamela, PASCUAL Unai, DIAMOND Sarah, NGO Hien, BAI Xuemei, CHEUNG, William , Governing for Transformative Change across the Biodiversity–Climate–Society Nexus, BioScience, Volume 72, 2022
PLENARY SESSION: INTEGRATED BIOPHYSICAL APPROACH
- GODIN Antoine, DAVID Anda, LECUYER Oskar, LEYRONAS Stéphanie, A strong sustainability approach to development trajectories, Research papers, n°251, Agence Française de Développement, Paris, 2022, 23 p
- LENTON Tim, ROCKSTRÖM Johan, GAFFNEY Owen, RAHMSTORF Stefan, RICHARDSON Katherine, STEFFEN Will, SCHELLNHUBER Hans Joachim, Climate tipping points - too risky to bet against, Nature, 575, 27/04/2020
- LENTON Tim, KEMP Luke, XU Chi, DEPLEDGE Joanna et al., Climate Endgame: Exploring catastrophic climate change scenarios, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(34), e2108146119, 2022
- POTTIER Antonin, Comment les économistes réchauffent la planète, Seuil, 2016
- POTTIER Antonin, NGUYEN-HUU Adrien, Hicksian, Traverse Revisited: Conditions for the Energy Transition, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 54, 2020, p. 102–111
- MOUYSSET Lauriane, Repenser le défi de la biodiversité: l’économie écologique, Les Editions de la Rue d’Ulm, Collection Sciences Durables, 2015, 88 p
- MOUYSSET Lauriane, OUVRARD Régis, MERCERE Guillaume, POINOT Thierry, JIGUET Frédéric, Dynamic models for bird population – A parameter-varying partial differential equation identification approach, Control Engineering Practice 91, 104091, 2019
PLENARY SESSION: HOW AND WHY CHALLENGING THE NOTION OF DEVELOPMENT FROM AN ONTOLOGICAL, ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL APPROACH?
- DIAGNE Souleymane, AMSELLE Jean-Loup, En quête d'Afrique(s) : universalisme et pensée décoloniale, Éditions Albin Michel, collection « Itinéraires du savoir », 2018, 314 p
- DIAGNE Souleymane, Philosophie africana au pays de la Teranga, Présence Africaine, 201, 9-12, 2020
- ZAI Aram, SCHÖNEBERG Julia, Dekolonisierung der Entwicklungspolitik und Post-Development Alternativen, Nomos, 2021
- ZAI Aram, Development Discourse and Global History. From colonialism to the sustainable development goals, Routledge, London, 2016, 252 p
- WONG Pearly, The Vulnerable State and Technical Fixes: An Analysis of Climate Change Policy and Adaptation Strategy in Nepal, Himalaya 39 (2), 2020
- WONG Pearly, CLAMMER John, Performance and Development: Theatre for Social Change, Clammer J., Giri A. (eds) The Aesthetics of Development, Palgrave Macmillan: New York, 2017
PLENARY SESSION: STRUCTURAL CHANGES AND PUBLIC POLICIES
- KOBA Eric, DJOUFELKIT Hélène, RABIER Serge, Transitions démographiques, inégalités et développement humain : analyse des fiches démographiques synthétiques pour 43 pays d’Afrique subsaharienne, Papiers de recherche, n°119, Agence française de développement, Paris, 2019, 130 p
- BENNETT Elena, SOLAN Martin, BIGGS Reinette Oonsie, MCPHEARSON Timon, NORSTRÖM Albert, OLSSON Per, PEREIRA Laura, PETERSON Garry, RAUDSEPP‐ HEARNE Ciara, BIERMANN Frank, et al., Bright spots: Seeds of a good Anthropocene, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14(8): 441‐448, 2016
- HAMANN Mike, BIGGS Reinette, PEREIRA Laura, PREISER Rika, HICHERT Tanja, MERRIE Andrew, POSKITT Pieter, and al., Report on the Anthropocene Visioning Workshop, Cape Town, South Africa, 2016
- TREYER Sébastien, RIAÑO Maria Alejandra, BOUTAYBI Jihane, BARCHICHE Damien, Scaling Up Public Development Banks’ Transformative Alignment with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Review of Political Economy, 34:2, 286-317, 2022
- TREYER Sébastien, ELOUARDIGHI Khalil, Crise démocratique et écologique: quelle ambition de réforme ?, IDDRI, 2022
- AVENYO Elvis Korku, TREGENNA Fiona, Greening manufacturing: Technology intensity and carbon dioxide emissions in developing countries, Applied Energy, 324, 119726, 2022
- NAIDOO Karmen, BENGOA Marta, KRAEMER-MBULA Erika, TREGENNA Fiona, Firm innovation and employment in South Africa: examining the role of export participation and innovation novelty, Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 2022, p. 1-17
PLENARY SESSION: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TRAJECTORIES
- MELONIO Thomas, TREMEL Laëtitia, Climat, biodiversité, inégalités… comment remettre les ODD sur les rails, Policy Paper, Agence française de développement, Paris, 2021, p. 1-40
- BOIDIN Bruno, Capitalisme financier, financiarisation de l’aide et insoutenabilité du développement, Colloque AFEP, 28/06/2022
- BOIDIN Bruno, Se réapproprier les mots : le développement, Développement durable et territoires, Vol. 12, n°3, 2021
- CARVALHO Laura, Valsa brasileira: do boom ao caos econômico, Todavia, São Paulo, 2018
- SANCHES Marina da Silva, CARVALHO Laura, Multiplier effects of social protection: a SVAR approach for Brazil, International Review of Applied Economics, 2022, 1-20
- FLEURBAEY Marc, KLASEN Stephan, Leaving no one behind and the 2030 Agenda, special issue of the Journal of Globalization and Development, vol. 9(2), 2018
- FLEURBAEY Marc, Ferranna Maddalena, Budolfson Mark, Dennig Francis, Mintz-Woo Kian, Socolow Robert, Spears Dean, Zuber Stéphane, The Social Cost of Carbon: Valuing Inequality, Risk, and Population for Climate Policy, The Monist 102: 84-109, 2019
- WACKERNAGEL Mathis, HANSCOM Laurel, JAYASINGHE Pryangi and al., The importance of resource security for poverty eradication, Nat Sustain 4, 731–738, 2021
- WACKERNAGEL Mathis, BEYERS Bert, Ecological footprint: Managing our biocapacity budget, New Society Publishers, 2019
OPEN DISCUSSION DAY
PLENARY SESSION: “HOW CAN WE CONSTRUCT STRONG SUSTAINABILITY TRAJECTORIES?”
- GUIVARCH Céline, TACONET Nicolas, POTTIER Antonin, Social Cost of Carbon Under Stochastic Tipping Points, environ Resource Econ 78, 709–737, 2021
- FISCH-ROMITO Vivien, GUIVARCH Céline, CREUTZIG Felix, MINX Jan C., CALLAGHAN Max W., Systematic map of the literature on carbon lock-in induced by long-lived capital, Environmental Research Letters 16 (5), 2021
- HALLEGATTE Stephane; JOOSTE Charl; MCISAAC Florent John, Macroeconomic Consequences of Natural Disasters : A Modeling Proposal and Application to Floods and Earthquakes in Turkey (English). Policy Research working paper, n° WPS 9943 Washington, D.C., World Bank Group, 2022
- LIOTTA Charlotte, AVNER Paolo, VIGUIÉ Vincent, SELOD Harris, HALLEGATTE Stephane, Climate Policy and Inequality in Urban Areas : Beyond Incomes, Policy Research working pape’, n° WPS 10185 Washington, D.C., World Bank Group, 2022
PLENARY SESSION: “HOW CAN STRONG SUSTAINABILITY APPROACH INFORM POLICY-MAKING?”
- ROSENZWEIG C, MBOW C, BARIONI LG, BENTON, TG Climate change responses benefit from a global food system approach, Nature Food, 2020
- DENTON Fatima, SKEA Jim, SHUKLA Priyadarshi, REISINGER Andy, SLADE Raphael and al., Mitigation of Climate Change Summary for Policymakers Climate Change 2022 Working Group III contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2022
- DENTON Fatima, Changements climatiques et conflits : Inversement des rôles ou nouvelles tensions et inégalités ?, Chronique ONU, Volume 52, Issue 4, avril 2016, p. 7 - 9
PLENARY SESSION: WHAT ROLE FOR FINANCE AND WHICH FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS SHOULD BE USED TO SUPPORT STRONG SUSTAINABILITY TRAJECTORIES?
- MORENO A, GUEVARA D, ANDRADE J, PIERROS C, GODIN A, Thinking macroeconomic vulnerabilities in the context of low-carbon transition, 2022
- SVARTZMAN Romain, BOLTON Patrick, DESPRES Morgan, PEREIRA DA SILVA Luiz Awazu SAMAMA Frédéric, Central banks, financial stability and policy coordination in the age of climate uncertainty: a three-layered analytical and operational framework, Climate Policy, 2021