Higher temperatures, increasingly variable rainfall, and more pronounced droughts are all effects of climate change that, in the Sahel, could lead to land degradation, changes in seasonal grazing patterns, and a reduction in the water available to people and livestock.
Adaptation to climate change is thus at the heart of several aspects of development, including sustainable management of natural resources, effective land use, human and livestock mobility, as well as food and health security. Rising to these complex challenges means integrated adaptation strategies must be developed with stakeholders, and their implementation must take into account the fact that disparate sectors can have an impact on one another.
In the Greater Sahel, Adapt’Action provides support for Niger and Senegal. They are among the world’s LDCs (least developed countries) that are highly vulnerable to climate change, which is increasingly jeopardizing these countries’ living conditions and ecosystems.
Our projects in the region
- Niger: Adapt’Action is helping the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock to integrate adaptation issues into Niger’s national agricultural development strategy. By modeling climate change impact and reviewing existing policies, this project is helping to develop a strategy and a national plan for adapting agriculture to climate change.
In addition, a capitalization study on sustainable land management practices is underway to identify and promote the practices most resilient to climate change.
- Senegal: a study on the vulnerability of climate change impact is underway in the areas where agro-ecology is being implemented in the Senegal River Valley. (An Agro-ecological Zone is a land mapping unit illustrating the potentials and constraints for land use. Such uses can be defined in relation to climate change.)
The study will contribute to the investment plan for SAED, the National Association for the Use and Development of the Land and Lakes of Senegal’s Delta. Its mission is to promote the development of irrigated agriculture around the Senegal and Falémé Rivers.
Capacity-building actions are also planned with SAED, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Infrastructure, and existing regional “climate and agriculture” platforms to support vertical integration of adaptation.
- Niger: Adapt’Action is conducting a feasibility study for the “Bounkassa Kiyo” project in the Zinder and Diffa regions. The aims of the project are to improve the institutional and technical environment of livestock farming, promote social agreements and collective investments for the sector, and help secure pastoral resources through sustainable land management.
- Senegal: Adapt’Action and The German Cooperation (GIZ) are providing guidance to the Directorate for the Environment and Classified Facilities in determining the current status of the implementation of Senegal’s climate strategy and in developing a mechanism for its monitoring and evaluation.
- Senegal: Building local capacity is a key condition for addressing the impact of climate change. In partnership with the Senegalese Environmental Education and Training Center (CEFE), Adapt’Action is providing support for the development of a strategy to incorporate climate change adaptation into the education system at the secondary, vocational and higher-education levels.