• logo linkedin
  • logo email
enfants, désert
The Adapt’Action Facility is a tool used by AFD and Expertise France to help 15 countries and regional organizations particularly vulnerable to climate-change implement adaptation strategies. Adapt’Action provides technical assistance and capacity-building support to strengthen climate governance. It helps countries make sure that climate-change adaptation is incorporated in their public policies and projects, and contribute to structures that make adaptation a continuing priority.
Adapt'Action Logo

In the wake of COP21 and the Paris Climate Agreement, the Parties drew up “Nationally Determined Contributions” (NDCs)—voluntary commitments to fight climate change and adapt to its effects. Now the challenge is to implement those commitments to make the Paris Agreement operational.

To support countries in implementing their commitment to fostering a more resilient form of development, AFD has set up Adapt’Action, a tool with a budget of €30 million over 4 years (2017-2021). Through the use of vulnerability and feasibility studies, guidance in drafting national policy and action plans, as well as capacity-building actions, Adapt’Action provides a leverage effect to help these countries access international climate finance and accelerate their adaptation investment.

In all its actions, Adapt’Action pays particular attention to climate vulnerabilities linked to gender, nature-based solutions, and the building of solutions together with its partners. It also makes sure its actions are in line with development trajectories that prioritize resilience.




agriculture, Senegal

Higher temperatures, increasingly variable rainfall, and more pronounced droughts are all effects of climate change that, in the Sahel, could lead to land degradation, changes in seasonal grazing patterns, and a reduction in the water available to people and livestock. 

Adaptation to climate change is thus at the heart of several aspects of development, including sustainable management of natural resources, effective land use, human and livestock mobility, as well as food and health security. Rising to these complex challenges means integrated adaptation strategies must be developed with stakeholders, and their implementation must take into account the fact that disparate sectors can have an impact on one another. 

In the Greater Sahel, Adapt’Action provides support for Niger and Senegal. They are among the world’s LDCs (least developed countries) that are highly vulnerable to climate change, which is increasingly jeopardizing these countries’ living conditions and ecosystems. 

Our projects in the region

  • Niger: Adapt’Action is helping the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock to integrate adaptation issues into Niger’s national agricultural development strategy. By modeling climate change impact and reviewing existing policies, this project is helping to develop a strategy and a national plan for adapting agriculture to climate change.

    In addition, a capitalization study on sustainable land management practices is underway to identify and promote the practices most resilient to climate change.
  • Senegal: a study on the vulnerability of climate change impact is underway in the areas where agro-ecology is being implemented in the Senegal River Valley. (An Agro-ecological Zone is a land mapping unit illustrating the potentials and constraints for land use. Such uses can be defined in relation to climate change.)
    The study will contribute to the investment plan for SAED, the National Association for the Use and Development of the Land and Lakes of Senegal’s Delta. Its mission is to promote the development of irrigated agriculture around the Senegal and Falémé Rivers.

    Capacity-building actions are also planned with SAED, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Infrastructure, and existing regional “climate and agriculture” platforms to support vertical integration of adaptation.
  • Niger: Adapt’Action is conducting a feasibility study for the “Bounkassa Kiyo” project in the Zinder and Diffa regions. The aims of the project are to improve the institutional and technical environment of livestock farming, promote social agreements and collective investments for the sector, and help secure pastoral resources through sustainable land management. 

    Faced with climate change, pastoral agriculture appears to be an activity that is not only adaptable but also optimal in terms of use of space in arid zones.
  • Senegal: Building local capacity is a key condition for addressing the impact of climate change. In partnership with the Senegalese Environmental Education and Training Center (CEFE), Adapt’Action is providing support for the development of a strategy to incorporate climate change adaptation into the education system at the secondary, vocational and higher-education levels.


Adapt'Action, Madagascar

The Indian Ocean States are on the front line of climate change. Although their contribution to greenhouse gas emissions is negligible, their environments, economies, and societies are suffering significant and potentially irreversible damage from its effects. Island States are moreover highly exposed to extreme climate events (cyclones, floods, etc.) and to coastal erosion and marine flooding.

Resilient and sustainable investment depend on stronger climate governance, a variety of climate issues, pooling of meteorological services, and consolidation of early warning systems at the regional level.

Adapt’Action is providing support to Madagascar, the Comoros islands, and Mauritius to meet these needs.

Our projects in the region


Adapt’Action provides support to the bodies in charge of implementing and monitoring the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in the islands of the region.

  • Madagascar: Adapt’Action helps guide the country’s National Office for Climate Change in strengthening its monitoring and evaluation capacities, setting up a joint coordination framework and developing an action plan for NDC implementation.
  • Comoros and Mauritius: Adapt’Action helps guide the Ministries of the Environment in assessing the implementation of their NDCs, developing action plans to make them operational, and upscaling them. As part of this support, training is provided in measuring the carbon balance. 
  • Madagascar: Adapt’Action is funding a study of vocational training and higher-education needs to aid the country in its low-carbon and climate-resilient development trajectory.

    The objective of this study is to enable people in the construction, tourism, hospitality, and catering sectors to better understand the challenges of climate change adaptation. The study will analyze the needs in these sectors and will make recommendations for incorporating adaptation into training modules and curricula.
  • Madagascar: Adapt’Action is funding the feasibility study for the “Grand Talaky” project, which will be submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) for co-financing. This project, on agriculture adapted to climate change and on forest conservation and management will be implemented in the southeast of the country.

    The feasibility study will analyze the expected effects of climate change in the area, as well as the environmental, social, and gender risks identified in the agricultural and forestry sector. It will also propose new agricultural practices and income-generating activities adapted to climate change; reforestation and forest conservation activities; strategies to strengthen the resilience of the area; and actions to offset potential risks associated with the project.
  • Comoros: Adapt’Action is funding the feasibility study for a project to aid in management and conservation of natural resources on the island of Mohéli so that it can cope with climate change.
    This project has the dual goal of: 1) reducing the vulnerability of the island’s natural resources and ecosystems in the face of climate change and human activity (especially from the cultivation of some cash crops), and 2) improving the resilience of the island’s inhabitants. 

    The feasibility study will analyze the vulnerabilities of the island, the institutional framework for natural resource management, and the capacity-building needs of stakeholders. It will also propose measures for concerted, sustainable and climate-friendly natural resource management. These measures will include management of forests, water resources, and agricultural and coastal land, as well as marine biodiversity.

  • Comoros: Adapt’Action is guiding the Ministry of Land Use Planning, Urban Development and Housing in its development of a land-use plan for Mohéli Island, with focus on the impact of climate change there.

    This support will first determine and map—according to the climate risks identified on the island—the natural zones to be conserved, the zones that are urbanized or still available for urbanization, and the zones that can be reserved for other uses. Then, based on these results, it will seek to draw up a land-use plan for resilient development of the island.
  • Mauritius: Adapt’Action is providing multi-component support to several stakeholders.
    It has already made it possible to: 
    - Conduct vulnerability studies for six sites affected by coastal erosion, seawater intrusion, and flooding. Based on those studies, a resilience and adaptation strategy has been developed.
    - Provide guidance to the Land Drainage Authority (LDA). This support is helping the LDA in its operationalization, especially through capacity building, analysis of existing drainage systems, and proposals for priority measures.
    - Support the Disaster Risk Management Center in aligning its DRM policy with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and in drawing up an action plan. 

    Additional support is planned to help the LDA develop the master drainage plan for all of Mauritius. This plan will be made on the basis of field studies to identify solutions to the main drainage issues, with an emphasis on nature-based solutions.
  • Indian Ocean Commission (IOC): Adapt’Action is currently financing "BRIO” (Building Resilience in the Indian Ocean) research program to provide IOC member countries with capacity building and the ability to conduct high-resolution climate simulations in their region.

    This support involves training in modeling for four meteorologists (from the Seychelles, Mauritius, Madagascar, and Comoros), so that they can produce 2100 climate projections for certain climate hazards such as rising temperatures and the intensification of extreme weather events. These projections are to be posted on the IOC portal to meet users’ needs.

    Find out more at ID4D: Climate Change in the Indian Ocean: more accurate simulation models for better adaptation
  • Indian Ocean Commission (IOC): Adapt’Action is also financing the feasibility study for the regional project to strengthen hydrometeorological and climate services in IOC member countries, with a view to submitting the project to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) for co-financing. 

    This project will provide capacity building for national meteorological departments so that they can deliver climate services (daily, seasonal, and climate forecasts and projections) to various sectors and users. It will also supply them with the equipment they need to fully carry out their missions. 


Adapt'Action, Guinea

In the Gulf of Guinea, Adapt’Action works with Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Guinea. This region is affected by droughts, floods, changes in rainfall patterns, and increased coastal erosion. These are all extreme phenomena that increase the vulnerability of people, their habitats, and their main sources of subsistence.

To remedy this situation, Adapt’Action seeks to strengthen the incorporation of climate considerations by local stakeholders, in particular in development and investment plans, and to improve climate governance.

Our projects in the region

  • Guinea: Adapt’Action provides support for the strengthening of leadership, ownership and cross-sectoral coordination in climate-change issues. Structures will be put in place or reinforced to ensure climate governance within Guinea’s Ministries. For example, each of these Ministries benefits from the appointment of climate-change focal points, capacity building, and clarification of its role in the implementation of the country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). A framework for consultation and coordination has also been set up. 
  • Côte d’Ivoire: Adapt’Action is providing support for the process of upscaling its NDCs. Support is provided to the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development, with a focus on adaptation and with special attention to local authorities and the private sector. The Adapt’Action Facility also supports the design and operationalization of a system to monitor the implementation of the country’s NDCs. 
  • Ghana: Adapt’Action supports the monitoring of the implementation of the NDCs through the setting up of dedicated tools, including a database for monitoring sectoral indicators. It is also providing capacity building for Ghanaian public institutions, the private sector, and civil society in the monitoring of and access to climate finance.

Local authorities are key players in the implementation of climate agendas and sustainable development. Indeed, through their day-to-day administration, local authorities are well placed to provide insights into the most pressing problems, the sectors they apply to, and possible solutions. Further, actions aimed at generating resilience, conducted at the local level, can be systematized and scaled up with effective, efficient, and sustainable results.

  • Guinea: Adapt’Action strengthens the integration of adaptation issues into local planning (i.e. “vertical integration”) in order to strengthen the resilience of the local authorities and populations most vulnerable to climate change, and to promote resilient investments, particularly in infrastructure. This objective is being realized by support for local development plans and annual investment plans, as well as by the consolidation of participatory budgeting practices.
  • Ghana: Adapt’Action supports the development of vulnerability plans and the integration of adaptation issues into local development plans (“vertical integration”) in 10 to 20 districts. Local stakeholders will also be trained in the use of gender and climate-finance markers.
  • Côte d’Ivoire: Adapt’Action is consolidating the efforts of local officials in integrating resilience indicators into local planning instruments
  • Guinea: Guinea’s agricultural sector is directly affected by climate change, in the form of declining rainfall, shorter rainy seasons, more torrential rains and floods, and droughts of greater frequency and severity. Adapt’Action provides backing for capacity building in the Ministries of rural development (Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Environment) and for carrying out participatory vulnerability studies for the incorporation of adaptation into the projects of the National Program for Agricultural Investment, Food Security and Nutrition (PNIASAN).
  • Côte d’Ivoire: Côte d’Ivoire is the 3rd largest cotton producer in Africa. This sector represents between 5 and 10% of the country’s agricultural exports. The effects of climate change have direct impact on yields and therefore on cotton farmers. Adapt’Action is conducting a feasibility study for a project to support the Ivorian cotton sector. Its purpose is to reduce the sector’s vulnerability to the effects of climate change, all the while strengthening sustainable and inclusive economic growth. The results of the analyses will make it possible to develop a program for the resilience of the Ivorian cotton sector to climate change.
  • Ghana: Seasonal variations in water availability due to droughts and arid periods have a negative impact on the country’s agricultural production and food security. In order to reduce production losses due to rainfall variability, Adapt’Action is conducting a feasibility study for a rainwater-harvesting and agricultural-runoff project in the Kwahu Afram Plains.
  • Côte d’Ivoire: The country’s river basins are being exploited to the maximum of their energy potential, under both current and future conditions. Adapt’Action is for this reason funding a study to put forward proposals for optimizing the hydroelectric network, with climate change taken into account. The study will be accompanied by cost-benefit analyses. A computer tool dedicated to the coordinated management of structural dams will also be developed as part of this support, to optimize the country’s hydroelectric production.
  • Ghana: Sea-level rise caused by climate change is contributing to coastal erosion in the Gulf of Guinea. Climate models predict an increase in flooding, endangering the populations and economies of emerging coastal megacities, as well as transitional water ecosystems suffering from increased salinity. This is why support is being planned for the study of the resilience of the coastal zone of the Savannah region, in coordination with the West Africa Coastal Areas (WACA) Resilience Investment Project of the World Bank. 
  • Ghana: Health is one of the most vulnerable sectors in Ghana, which faces a dual challenge: the healthcare system’s lack of preparedness in coping with the risks of climate change and the struggle to access climate finance. The Ghanaian authorities and Adapt’Action jointly identified this sector for support via capacity building and the carrying out of vulnerability and feasibility studies with an eye to building the necessary structures

The region urgently needs to develop long-term services to facilitate planning and decision-making in a range of sectors sensitive to current and projected climate impacts, such as agriculture, disaster risk reduction, and others.

  • Guinea: Adapt’Action is providing support for the development of climate services in the priority agricultural sectors in Upper Guinea, and for the development of a program to modernize and extend hydrometeorological infrastructure. The climate services to be developed will be adapted to users’ needs and based on an analysis of the production and dissemination of climate information.
  • Côte d’Ivoire: A study for the development of climate services in the agricultural sector and for flood risk management is being planned. Its purpose will be to strengthen urban resilience and reduce the vulnerability of exposed populations, infrastructure, and agricultural sectors.


Adapt'Action, Dominican Republic

Rising temperatures, intense extreme events, rising sea and salt water intrusions: the Caribbean territories are disproportionately vulnerable to the effects of climate change, due to their location, and to geological and topographical features. 

They are a kind of “sentinel region,” which illustrates the negative effects that climate change could have on a global scale. But the Caribbean can also serve as a laboratory for local and regional innovations in adaptation.

Adapt’Action supports the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and the Dominican Republic in this field.

Our projects in the region

  • Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): The effects of climate change on small island developing states (SIDS) raise questions about their vulnerabilities and adaptation capacities. The climate emergency calls for a rethinking of adaptation governance on an OECS regional scale.

    Adapt’Action supports the OECS Commission in developing a regional adaptation strategy covering all its member and associated states. It is also helping it to develop a regional action plan and adaptation measures.
  • Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): Adapt’Action supports the OECS Commission in the regional implementation of an innovative approach to strengthen people’s resilience. This approach combines weather forecasting and risk analysis. These mechanisms seek to mitigate the effects of extreme events such as droughts, floods, and hurricanes, by identifying early actions to be taken on the basis of weather forecasts and predetermined alert thresholds. 

    Further reading: "Strengthening forecast-based early action in the Caribbean - Recommendations for the Eastern Caribbean"
  • Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): Small island states in the Caribbean are extremely vulnerable to climate change. Marine and coastal ecosystems are the foremost victims. Therefore, nature conservation is a key issue for controlling the effects of climate change and maintaining coastal protection barriers.

    Adapt’Action supports the OECS and its Member States in promoting regional knowledge and sharing best practices in incorporating nature-based solutions into adaptation strategies. 
  • Dominican Republic: Access to accurate weather and climate information is vital for decision-making, risk anticipation, and adaptation to climate change, from the national to the community level.

    Adapt’Action provides technical support to the agricultural sector to strengthen the capacity of providers of meteorological information and improve access to data as well as to the use and implementation of this information by end users. 
  • Dominican Republic: more than 5% of the country’s economic growth comes from the agricultural sector, which also helps ensure food security for its people. However, the sector is highly vulnerable to climate-change effects such as variability of rainfall and intensification of extreme events.

    Through a participatory approach, Adapt’Action supports the Ministry of Agriculture in its effort to assess the current and future vulnerability of their agricultural production systems and identify appropriate adaptation options for key value chains (rice, beans, cocoa, coffee, bananas and plantain).
  • Dominican Republic: The country’s coastal areas are home to nearly 60% of the population and a wide diversity of precious ecosystems. Their infrastructure and economic activities include vibrant coastal tourism, which represents 9% of national GDP. But climate-change impact is particularly visible in these coastal areas, in the form of beach erosion, coral reef destruction, saltwater intrusion, and coastal flooding. 

    Adapt’Action supports the ministries in charge of tourism and the environment in prioritizing the most vulnerable areas and developing specific adaptation plans.
  • Dominican Republic: Integrating climate and disaster risks into the planning and design of social protection programs reduces the vulnerability of disadvantaged people, while promoting adaptation to climate change over the long term.

    Adapt’Action is helping its partners improve water resource management and strengthen existing social programs in the Yaque del Sur watershed. 


Adapt'Action, Cameroon

Central Africa faces three climate-change challenges: 

  • The need to maintain its crucial role in stabilizing the world’s climate through its forest cover; 
  • Adaptation of its peoples and economies, which are highly dependent on natural resources; 
  • Economic diversification focused on agricultural development and the sustainable development of natural resources (such as hydroelectric power and local processing of raw materials). 

However, these sectors are already affected by seasonal variability and climate events such as drought, floods, and erosion. Central Africa has a coastline of nearly 1,300 km. The high population concentration along this coastline and climate change are factors that heighten risks to property, natural resources, and people.

In Cameroon and the Congo, Adapt’Action provides structural support for climate governance and the implementation of adaptation strategies across sectors, in infrastructure, water, agriculture, and forestry.

Our projects in the region

  • Congo: Adapt’Action helps give structure to the national committee dedicated to climate change and to capacity building for experts in climate modeling, vulnerability studies, and greenhouse gas inventories.

    Adapt’Action is also strengthening political dialog by organizing a parliamentary and governmental session on climate change and supporting the country’s climate NGO platform, to facilitate more active participation in the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
  • Cameroon: Adapt’Action supports the consolidation of the country’s institutional framework on climate as well as clarification of the missions and roles of each of the existing bodies. The goal is to facilitate dialog and accelerate the process of implementing the NDCs.

    The National Coordination Committee of NDCs and the National Observatory on Climate Change will also receive support to develop climate models, climate-risk mapping and vulnerability studies.
  • Congo: a master plan for the water supply of the city of Pointe-Noire will be developed. And to take into account the risks associated with sea-level rises, the master plan will include an upstream vulnerability study on the phenomenon of sea and saltwater intrusion.

    A vulnerability study on urban water erosion in Brazzaville will also be carried out to integrate the recommendations into the capital’s rainwater management master plan. 
  • Cameroon: Adapt’Action includes a training component for the intersectoral working group responsible for drafting the country’s Growth and Employment Strategy Paper on methodologies for making adaptation a part of public policy. The group will also be supported in the process of incorporating adaptation in the 2020-2030 Strategy Paper.
  • Cameroon: Adapt’Action is helping to develop climate services for agricultural planning, which are part of the national framework for climate observation and monitoring.
  • Cameroon: In the north of the country, the impacts of climate change on agriculture could lead to tensions and possible conflict. A vulnerability study on cereal farming and pastoral activities in the Extreme North region and the production of a “climate-smart agriculture” (CSA) profile for this area will make it possible to make recommendations on adaptation and on strengthening conflict-management bodies.
  • Cameroon: Existing vulnerability studies on the coastal zone will be consolidated to enable the spatio-temporal mapping of climate risks, accompanied by indications of flood hazards in Cameroon’s main coastal cities.
  • Congo: Adapt’Action is conducting a study of the coastal zone’s vulnerability to erosion linked to the rise in sea levels (including a map of changes in shoreline recession) and a study of several forest ecosystems’ vulnerability to climate-change.

    In addition, a vulnerability study on agriculture developed in savannah areas and a specific “climate-smart agriculture” (CSA) profile will be carried out in order to guide and facilitate decision-making for the national development program. 


Adapt'Action, Tunisia

Tunisia is one of the Mediterranean countries most vulnerable to climate change. Climate projections indicate widespread impact: by 2050, rainfall could decrease by 7 to 22% and aggravate salinization, and average temperatures could increase by 3.8°C. Extreme weather events such as floods and droughts are expected to increase in the coming decades, leading to a drop in agricultural GDP (as much as -10% by 2050). As for the average rise in sea level, it could reach 30 to 50 cm in 2030, affecting beaches and coastal communities.

These risks are expected to have negative environmental and socio-economic effects on Tunisia’s fragile ecosystems, on its people’s health, agriculture and economic activity on the coast – above all, on tourism.


Our projects in the region

  • By creating a dedicated portal targeting stakeholders in the sectors and territories most vulnerable to climate change, Adapt’Action is facilitating the availability and use of the climate projections produced by the National Institute of Meteorology. 
  • The agricultural sector plays a crucial role in Tunisia’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Adapt’Action supports the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries in strengthening its institutional framework for climate change governance at the central and regional levels.
  • How can awareness be raised among agronomists during their training, to take climate issues into account in their work? Adapt’Action supports the Institute of Agricultural Research and Higher Education (IRESA) in incorporating climate change adaptation into the training curriculum of agronomists. Analysis of the existing system will make it possible to determine the most appropriate curriculum to be set up in the institutions concerned. 
  • By supporting the sector-wide committee on climate change at the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries, Adapt’Action is helping to facilitate a national process to incorporate climate vulnerability and adaptation issues into food and agri-food systems.

    The results of this vulnerability analysis should then be used by the Ministry to develop the food security component of the national adaptation plan. 
  • Wastewater recovery and reuse in Tunisia is far from being exploited to its full potential. Support for the National Sanitation Utility (ONAS) and the Directorate General of Rural Engineering and Water Operations is aimed at developing Tunisia’s “Water Reuse 2050” national master plan for reusing treated wastewater.

    Click here to see the video 
  • Direct access to the Green Climate Fund would be of great assistance to Tunisia in financing its resilient development. Adapt’Action is thus backing the Agricultural Investment Promotion Agency (APIA) in its bid for accreditation to the Fund.
+ 100
support projects planned
countries and regional organizations supported
million euros earmarked for studies and capacity building