Since 2017, AdaptAction supports countries and regional organizations particularly vulnerable to climate-change in the implementation of their adaptation strategies. AdaptAction aims to better understand adaptation processes, but also to support the translation of scientific knowledge into governance mechanisms, public policies and adaptation investments.
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AdaptAction: Tackling Climate Change Together

The Programme

To support countries in implementing their commitment to fostering a more resilient form of development, AFD has set up AdaptAction, a tool with a budget of €30 million for its first phase (2017-2022). Through the use of vulnerability and feasibility studies, guidance in drafting national policy and action plans, as well as capacity-building actions, AdaptAction provides a leverage effect to help these countries access international climate finance and accelerate their adaptation investment.

In all its actions, AdaptAction pays particular attention to climate vulnerabilities linked to gender, nature-based solutions, and the building of solutions together with its partners. It also makes sure its actions are in line with development trajectories that prioritize resilience.

More than 75 studies have been conducted since 2017, by more than 500 experts in many sectors, some of which have been the subject of lessons learned and recommendations sheets: governance, monitoring and evaluation systems (both with Expertise France), agriculture, integrated water resources management, climate services, nature-based solutions and disaster risk reduction.

AdaptAction has leveraged more than €580 million in resilient investments financed by AFD or co-financed with other partners, such as the Green Climate Fund or the European Union. Other projects currently under appraisal point to a total leverage of more than one billion euros.

Refocused on Africa, with 12 partner countries, AdaptAction’s second phase (2022-2025) was launched at COP26 in Glasgow with an additional budget of €15M. It is organized around a threefold strategy:" understanding, planning, investing ", with reinforced cross-cutting components on gender issues and the circulation of knowledge. 

AdaptAction strategy

An extension in partnership with UNCDF LoCAL is also being planned for the Mediterranean area, described as an "adaptation hot spot" by the IPCC, with funding from the European Union (DG NEAR).




agriculture, Senegal

Higher temperatures, increasingly variable rainfall, and more pronounced droughts are all effects of climate change that, in the Sahel, could lead to land degradation, changes in seasonal grazing patterns, and a reduction in the water available to people and livestock. 

Since 2017, AdaptAction has been working with its Senegalese and Nigerian partners to implement structuring multi-stakeholder and multifaceted adaptation projects that promote investments in sectors as diverse as agriculture, water, coastal protection, environment and nature-based solutions, and education. These projects, which respond to the specific context of the Sahel, aim to increase resilience to climate change while promoting sustainable economic growth, employability (especially of youth), and biodiversity conservation.

Senegal, Niger and Gambia have committed to the Paris Climate Agreement for sustainable growth that strengthens the resilience of their populations and territories facing the consequences of climate change. Gambia is one of the new partner countries for AdaptAction Phase 2: possible studies and technical assistance will be determined during 2023. 

Our projects in the region

  • Niger: AdaptAction supported the Ministry of the Environment (MELCD) and the ministries and institutions in charge of rural development issues to better understand adaptation issues in agricultural development strategies, programs and projects: modelling of climate change impacts, definition of climate-smart agriculture options (including socio-economic and institutional dimensions), and review of existing agricultural development documents contributed to the elaboration of a strategy and a national plan for agricultural adaptation to climate change. This strategy (2020-2035) constitutes the framework to elaborate future structuring projects of agricultural development with climate co-benefits, particularly in terms of adaptation to climate change. The action plan (2020-2025) eases access to international climate finance in Niger, and promotes inclusion by mobilizing existing consultation mechanisms or the creation of ad-hoc consultation frameworks on certain topics (monitoring-evaluation, training).
    In addition, a capitalization study of sustainable land management practices was conducted, taking into account the different agro-ecological typologies. Various tools including a vade mecum on SLM practices were produced.
    All the tools developed within the framework of these two supports are available on the website.
  • Senegal: study on the vulnerability of climate change impacts was led in the agro-ecological areas of the Senegal River Valley, including a participatory diagnosis of the production systems vulnerabilities and the co-development of adaptation options with local stakeholders.
    This process allowed one of the most important development companies in the Sahel, the Société Nationale d'Aménagement et d'Exploitation des Terres du Delta du fleuve Sénégal et des vallées du fleuve Sénégal et de la Falémé (SAED), as well as local communities and stakeholders in the Senegal River Valley, to co-construct an adaptation strategy and action plan. These, which also include gender-related dimensions, contributed to the framing of the "Local Economic Development and Agro-Ecological Transition in the Senegal River Delta" (DELTA) project, financed by AFD to the tune of 50 million euros.
    Capacity building actions are also planned with SAED and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Equipment (MAER), as well as with territorial actors to support the vertical integration of adaptation. 
  • Niger: AdaptAction led the feasibility study for the "Bounkassa Kiyo" project to develop the livestock sector in the Zinder and Diffa regions. In Niger, livestock farming is the main or secondary activity of nearly 87% of the active population In a climate change context, the maintenance of pastoral livestock, which is linked to specialized livestock in animal traction, fattening or dairy production in peri-urban areas, appears to be the most suitable economic, social, security and environmental option.
    This study has enabled the co-construction, with all national and regional stakeholders, of a project that contributes to the sustainable and resilient development of pastoral livestock in Niger. The project will support the development and implementation of a concerted vision for pastoral development in the territories of two regions, integrating improved governance, peaceful social dialogue, secure mobility, adaptation to climate change and sustainable management of pastoral resources. The project is financed by AFD to the tune of 50 million euros (including 10 million euros in grants and 40 million euros in loans).
Protection and integrated management of water resources and nature-based solutions
  • Senegal: The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and the Ministry of Water and Sanitation, in partnership with AdaptAction, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS), initiated a vulnerability study and a feasibility study that made possible the co-construction of a project to protect water resources and improve groundwater recharge through nature-based solutions (NBS), with the Ministry of the Environment, sectoral ministries, municipalities and all stakeholders in the Pout area of the Thiès region.
    This demonstration project will promote the integrated management of water resources in this area, the demographic and economic heart of Senegal, whose population is expected to exceed 6.5 million by 2030.
Integrated coastal zone management, territorial foresight and nature-based solutions
  • Senegal: AdaptAction supports the feasibility study of the new AFD project on integrated coastal zone management in the context of climate change in Senegal, which is part of the regional framework of the WACA (West Africa Coastal Area Management Programme) initiative. This feasibility study will focus on the vulnerabilities of the Saint-Louis and Casamance coastline to the expected effects of climate change and will be complemented by a territorial foresight exercise based on the "Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways" approach. On this basis, the study will identify priority investment measures that favour nature-based solutions and adaptation options to strengthen resilience to climate change and reduce the vulnerability of coastal ecosystems and populations living on these coasts.
  • Senegal & Niger: AdaptAction accompanied environment ministries, sectoral ministries and institutions to develop a national monitoring and evaluation system for the adaptation component of their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). This work was based on a prior assessment of the implementation of the climate strategy in each country. These NDCs monitoring and evaluation tools allow Senegal and Niger to strengthen the steering and monitoring of their climate action on adaptation.
  • Senegal: Building local capacity is key to addressing the challenges of climate change. Therefore, in partnership with the Center for Environmental Education and Training of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, ministries and sectoral actors, AdaptAction is supporting the development of a strategy for integrating climate change adaptation into Senegal's education system at the elementary, middle and secondary levels, vocational training, as well as universities and colleges. The ambition is to support future citizens in tackling the effects of climate change, but also to strengthen the skills of the actors and make them the driving force behind low-carbon, climate-resilient and job-creating development.


Adapt'Action, Madagascar

The Indian Ocean States are on the climate change’s front line. Although their contribution to greenhouse gas emissions is negligible, their environments, economies, and societies are suffering significant and potentially irreversible damage from its effects. Island States are moreover highly exposed to extreme climate events (cyclones, floods, etc.) and to coastal erosion and marine flooding.

The economic cost of "natural" disasters, mainly related to hydro-meteorological hazards, has amounted to about 17.2 billion dollars over the last thirty years for this part of the world. The need for resilient and sustainable investments for these States is therefore substantial and requires long-term planning based on available knowledge and the development priorities of each island. 

To this end, since 2017, the AdaptAction program has been supporting Madagascar, Mauritius, and the Union of Comoros with the implementation of adaptation policies and strategies while facilitating access to international climate finance.

In the first phase, which ended in 2022, twelve support projects were completed to build capacity, improve climate governance and integrate climate change adaptation into public policy. Over the five years of the program, more than €370 million has also been invested in projects to support hydrometeorological and climate services, as well as early warning systems at regional level, and to increase resources for disaster recovery programs (contingency loan granted to Mauritius).

Our projects in the region

  • Madagascar: AdaptAction supported the capacity building of the National Office of Climate Change, Carbon and Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation to mobilise and coordinate Malagasy actors concerned by the country’s climate commitments: a framework and coordination tools (welcome booklets, scoreboard and progress reports by sector of the implementation of the NDC) have been produced.
    The teams of this National Office also benefited from training sessions on climate negotiations issues at COP25.
  • Comoros and Mauritius: AdaptAction helped guide the Mauritian and Comorian Ministries of Environment in reviewing the state of implementation of their NDCs, which resulted in an upward revision of the commitments of these two countries to reduce their GHG emissions and strengthen resilience. The revised Mauritius NDC was submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on October 5, 2021.
    Finally, capacity building activities were carried out, for instance on the transparency framework and on the NDC monitoring and evaluation system ("MRV" system for "Measurement, Notification and Verification") and action plans have been developed to operationalize priority actions.
  • Madagascar: AdaptAction funded the feasibility study on agriculture adapted to climate change and on forest conservation and management for the “Grand Talaky” project, which will be deployed in the south-east of the country, following the «Talaky» project. 
    Climate change impacts on agriculture and forests in the area have been modelled and mapped. An analysis of the socio-anthropological context and gender issues was carried out in order to inform the analysis of vulnerabilities to climate change and the project under construction. Relevant and sustainable adaptation strategies have been identified, both in terms of new agricultural practices or income-generating activities as well as reforestation and forest conservation activities.
    The study was conducted in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock and the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development.
  • Comoros: AdaptAction is guideding the Ministry of Land Use Planning, Urban Development and Housing in its development of a land-use plan for Mohéli Island for a sustainable and resilient development of the territory., with focus on the impact of climate change there. A diagnosis of the historical, demographic and socio-economic context as well as the physical characteristics of the territory was carried out. This assessment of the territory has led to a wide consultation with local stakeholders, in order to co-identify issues related to land use, existing facilities (transport, energy, water, sanitation, etc.), waste management, health and education. All these components of the Mohéli territory have been analysed in the light of the “natural” and climate risks that Mohéli is already facing, as well as their prospects for future developments, in order to identify suitable development options.
    The challenges of urban sprawl were analysed in Fomboni, the island's capital, and Nioumachoi. Based on this diagnosis, a long-term planning document will be co-constructed with the local population. The orientations of the Land Use Plan will thus be submitted to a major public inquiry.
    Through this document, the natural areas to be protected and preserved, the urbanized areas still available for urban intensification, and the areas that can be reserved for other uses, depending on the climate risks identified, have been mapped. Also, development projects were envisaged around major priorities and structuring projects for the island, while ensuring the preservation of the environment and the use of ecosystem based adaptation solutions.
    This support will first determine and map—according to the climate risks identified on the island—the natural zones to be conserved, the zones that are urbanized or still available for urbanization, and the zones that can be reserved for other uses. Then, based on these results, it will seek to draw up a land-use plan for resilient development of the island.
  • Madagascar: Case studies were conducted in three regions (Great South, Morondava and Fianarantsoa) to support the territorial development of the NDC.
  • Mauritius: The vulnerabilities of six locations impacted by coastal erosion, marine submersion and flooding (Port Louis, Nouvelle France, Grande Baie, Flic en Flac, Bel Ombre and Belle Mare) have been analysed and mapped. Based on these, a resilience strategy has been developed. This strategy  highlights the need to manage vulnerabilities "from Ridge-to-Reef", and to protect natural ecosystems while leveraging their resilience. Vulnerabilities and adaptation solutions were identified through a participatory process involving a variety of local stakeholders, from administrative and political authorities to civil society and the private sector (especially fisheries, agriculture and tourism). 
    The "Land Drainage Authority" (LDA), a Mauritian agency newly in charge of water drainage management, is supported by AdaptAction since 2018 in its operationalisation and capacity building process. Topographic studies and modelling have also been carried out for the most vulnerable sites.  They will feed proposals for drainage solutions, favouring nature-based solutions, formalised within the first island-wide drainage master plan.
    Finally, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Center has been supported in the development of the new policy, strategic framework and action plan for disaster risk reduction and management for the period 2020-2030, as part of the Sendai Framework 2015-2030.
  • Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) (Phase1): AdaptAction is currently financing "BRIO” (Building Resilience in the Indian Ocean) research program to provide IOC member countries with capacity building and the ability to conduct high-resolution climate simulations in their region.
    This support, conducted with Météo France, involves training in modelling for four meteorologists (from the Seychelles, Mauritius, Madagascar, and Comoros), in order for them to produce climate projections towards 2100 specific to certain climate hazards such as rising temperatures and the intensification of extreme weather events. These projections are already posted on the IOC portal to meet users’ needs.
    Find out more at ID4D: Climate Change in the Indian Ocean: more accurate simulation models for better adaptation
  • Indian Ocean Commission (IOC): AdaptAction also financed the feasibility study for the regional project to strengthen hydrometeorological and climate services in IOC member countries, which led to the project being co-funded by the Green Fund (GCF) and the European Union.
    This project aims to strengthen the equipment and capacities of the national meteorological directorates in order to offer climate services for different sectors, users and temporalities (from early warnings to climate projections), and to regionalize some resources to achieve economies of scale (pooling at the regional level of maintenance centres, calibration of equipment, etc.)
  • Madagascar: AdaptAction funded a study to identify the needs for initial and continuing vocational training, and higher education, in the construction and public works sector. The ultimate goal of this study is to ensure that workers in the sector have the skills and knowledge necessary for adaptation and mitigation in the sector.
    To this end, a diagnosis of existing training was conducted. Recommendations for revising existing training courses or creating new ones and for improving equipment were then formulated. The training of trainers was promoted in order to ensure the sustainability of these pedagogical contributions. The deployment of these recommendations will be financed through the FormaPro BTP 2 project, financed by the AFD to the tune of €15M.
    This study was deployed for the benefit of the National Employment and Training Centre for the BTP sector and the Ministry of Technical Education and Vocational Training and the Ministry of Higher Education and Research.


Adapt'Action, Guinea

In the Gulf of Guinea, AdaptAction has supported Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Guinea in their efforts to adapt to climate change. Phase 2 will continue in partnership with Guinea, Benin and Togo.

The Gulf of Guinea is exposed to droughts, floods, changes in rainfall patterns and increased coastal erosion. All of these hazards are expected to intensify as a result of climate change, and to which the populations, their habitat and their main sources of livelihood are vulnerable. 

In response, AdaptAction aims to improve climate governance in partner countries, to strengthen the integration of adaptation into sectoral and territorial planning and budgeting, and to build investment projects that respond directly to the impacts of climate change in the agriculture, transport infrastructure, forest/biodiversity and protection sectors, as well as to the deployment of agro-climatic services for better planning of agricultural activities, while strengthening the consideration of gender issues and social inclusion in vulnerability analysis.

Our projects in the region

  • Guinea: AdaptAction supported the strengthening of leadership, ownership and cross-sectoral coordination linked to climate-change issues. 30 focal points have been named in the ministries concerned with climate issues. Their capacities have been strengthened, and their roles in the implementation of the country’s NDC have been clarified. These focal points are part of a National Platform for Action on Climate Change, integrated into the National Committee on Climate Change. A similar support was provided to the National Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, and the Premature, along with long-term coaching to the 9 “champions” of these institutions.
  • Côte d’Ivoire (Phase 1): AdaptAction provided support to the Environment Ministry for the process of upscaling its NDCs, with a focus on adaptation and with special attention to gender issues, biodiversity, local authorities and the private sector. AdaptAction also supported the design and operationalisation of a system to monitor the implementation of the country’s NDCs. 
  • Ghana (Phase 1):  AdaptAction accompanied the NDC’s implementation monitoring the through the setting up of dedicated tools, including a database for monitoring sectoral indicators. The capacity of 60 local authorities’ representatives, the private sector and civil society on tracking and accessing climate finance has been strengthened. Guidelines on how to access the different finance sources, as well as a communication tool highlighting the opportunities offered by climate finance for Ghana, were developed. 

Local authorities are key players in the implementation of climate agendas and sustainable development. Indeed, through their day-to-day administration, local authorities are well positioned to provide insights on the most pressing issues, the sectors they apply to, and the possible solutions. Further, actions aimed at generating resilience, conducted at the local level, can be systematized and scaled up with effective, efficient, and sustainable results.

  • Guinea: AdaptAction strengthens adaptation issues’ integration into local planning (i.e. “vertical integration”) in order to strengthen the resilience of local authorities and populations vulnerable to climate change, as well as to promote resilient investments, particularly in infrastructure. This objective is being realised through granted support to local resilient development plans, as well as through the consolidation of participatory budgeting practices.
  • Côte d’Ivoire (Phase 1): AdaptAction consolidated the local officials’ efforts in planning and budgeting for resilience through the facilitation of training, the integration of adaptation in local planning tools, and the support of two regions (Grands-Ponts and Indiéné-Djuablin) and two municipalities (Greater Lahou and Abengourou) in the development of three-year plans, regional master plans and resilient budgets.  With the perspective of promoting national ownership and sustainability, a pool of experts, coming from institutions supporting the communities, has been established and their capacities strengthened. These experts also conducted diagnostic missions in the communities and supported the four communities in the planning and budgeting exercise.
  • Guinea: Guinea’s agricultural sector is directly affected by climate change, in the form of declining rainfall, shorter rainy seasons, more torrential rains and floods, and droughts of greater frequency and severity. AdaptAction provided backing for capacity building in the Ministries of rural development (Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Environment) and for carrying out participatory vulnerability studies for the incorporation of adaptation into the projects of the National Program for Agricultural Investment, Food Security and Nutrition (PNIASAN). In particular, endogenous adaptation techniques for the populations of Upper Guinea were analysed and an operational guide was produced to consider adaptation in agricultural projects as soon as they were identified.
  • Côte d’Ivoire (Phase 1): According to the FAOSTAT 2022 classification, Côte d'Ivoire is the third largest cotton producer in Africa. This sector represents between 5 and 10% of the country’s agricultural exports. AdaptAction conducted a vulnerability study on climate change’s effects chain, followed by a feasibility study for the project, in order to support the resilience of cotton systems in Northern Côte d'Ivoire (RESCO). Funded by AFD to the tune of €40 million, this project, which was signed between the Ivorian and French States in 2021, is being implemented by INTERCOTON, the first interprofession in Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Ghana (Phase 1): Seasonal variations in water availability due to droughts and arid periods have a negative impact on the country’s agricultural production and food security. In order to reduce production losses due to rainfall variability, AdaptAction conducted a feasibility study for a rainwater-harvesting and agricultural-runoff project that led to the definition of several adaptation options in the Kwahu Afram plain.
  • Côte d’Ivoire (Phase 1): The country’s river basins are being exploited to the maximum of their energy potential, under both current and future conditions. AdaptAction has funded a study to formulate proposals for the optimal management of the Ivorian hydroelectric network, taking into account the impacts of climate change. Case studies on the Sassandra and Bandama basins are being developed. A computer tool dedicated to the coordinated management of structuring dams has also been developed, in order to optimize the country's hydroelectric production. It is expected that the findings of this study will feed into Component 1 (Rehabilitation of the Taabo hydroelectric dam) of the Water & Sun Alliance (WaSunA) project.
  • Guinea: AdaptAction is conducting a study for the rehabilitation and construction of bridges resilient to the impacts of climate change (increased river flow, elevation during flooding, weakening of their foundations...). This study also includes the sensitization and training of the Guinean Ministry of Transport to the risks related to climate change, and to the methods to consider them in its design and maintenance activities, through workshops and the design of an operational manual.
  • Ghana (Phase 1): Health is one of the most vulnerable sectors in Ghana, which faces a dual challenge: the healthcare system’s lack of preparedness in coping with the risks of climate change and the struggle to access climate finance. The Ghanaian authorities and AdaptAction jointly identified this sector for support via capacity building and the carrying out of  a feasibility study in six districts with adaptation options and a concept note for a project in the sector. Through this support, the health component of the NAP was also produced, as well as a methodological guide for taking into account adaptation and health issues in district development plans.

The region urgently needs to develop long-term services to facilitate planning and decision-making in a range of sectors sensitive to current and projected climate impacts, such as agriculture, disaster risk reduction, and others.

  • Guinea: AdaptAction is funding a study of hydroclimatic service needs in the rice, maize and market gardening sectors in Upper Guinea and the development of a project to strengthen observation systems and the production of climate services in Guinea. The proposals for services to be developed are based on an analysis of the differentiated needs of users and of the production and dissemination chain of climate information. They will be accompanied by recommendations on an institutional and economic model for the sector, as well as training activities for all actors in the chain. 
  • Côte d’Ivoire (Phase 1): A study for the development of climate services in the agricultural sector and for flood risk management has been realised to enable the National Meteorological Directorate to strengthen the provision of agro-meteorological services tailored to the needs of farmers on the national territory. It also led to the inventory of stations installed in the country and the proposal of a regulatory text in the field, as well as an economic strategy for the sector. This study was used to contribute to the VIGICLIM project, which has already received €28 million from AFD funding since 2020.
  • Guinea: Guinea has a rich and varied natural heritage with forest areas that are home to remarkable biodiversity. This biodiversity is weakened by the multiple anthropic pressures associated with climate change effects. To ensure the sustainability of these ecosystems, a conservation and development project for the Ziama Biosphere Reserve has been defined, taking into account climate issues and anthropic pressures.


Adapt'Action, Dominican Republic

The Caribbean territories are disproportionately vulnerable to the effects of climate change (rising temperatures, intense extreme events, rising sea and salt water intrusions…), due to their location, their geological and topographical features, and their socioeconomic profile. Climate phenomena’s real and potential effects are diverse (affected transport infrastructures and essential services, economic losses for key sectors such as tourism and agriculture, climate-sensitive sicknesses development, worsening of socioeconomic and gender inequalities, populations’ displacement, impacts on ecosystems…).

This vulnerability deepened by anthropogenic phenomena (land pressure over coastal zones, sand exploitation, deforestation…) make of these states “sentinels states” illustrating both the potential negative consequences of climate change at a global level and adaptation laboratories at regional and local levels. 

Our projects in the region

  • Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): The effects of climate change on small island developing states (SIDS) raise questions over their vulnerabilities and adaptation capacities. The climate emergency calls for a rethinking of adaptation governance on an OECS regional scale.
    AdaptAction has supported the OECS Commission in improving knowledge over climate services in the sub region, implementing a regional adaptation strategy covering the entirety of its member states and associated members, and in the definition of a regional action plan and adaptation measures at the regional level.
  • Dominican Republic: The climate emergency calls for a rethinking of the different scales of climate governance. In this context, AdaptAction accompanies the Dominican Republic for a better integration of climate issues and adaptation within its planning tools. Following a capacity-building phase for territorial collectivities’ and ministries’ executives over adaptation and disaster risk reduction applied to urban development, 5 priority municipalities were accompanied in the evaluation, the revision or the definition of their local adaptation plan to climate change. Within the scope of this project, peer-to-peer exchanges from the Caribbean and Latin American regions were organized. 
  • Cuba: The Cienfuegos city is regularly confronted by coastal and urban floods, as well as droughts periods, which gravely affect populations and infrastructures. AdaptAction permitted the elaboration of a set of climate-related risk diagnostic and maps for the territory of Cienfuegos. These products constitute an important tool for the conception of public policies and for adaptation measures’ implementation. 
Financial systems
  • The Eastern Carribean Bank (ECCB): The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) has understood the level of climate change’s impacts over the economy and of their translation within the financial systems that it supervises. With UNEP-FI’s technical support, AdaptAction has organized a training cycle in favour of the ECCB and of the other eight regional regulators, to which were associated national development banks of the Caribbean dollar zone. 
    To know more: Tacking Climate-Related Financial Risk Across the Carribean
  • Dominican Republic: The necessary resources to face adaptation costs overpass the sources of public finances’ capacity. Mobilising actors from the private sector as well as innovative financial instruments are essential to fill the lack of financial options. To succeed, AdaptAction accompanies the Dominican Republic, in order to increase the knowledge and understanding over the private sector’s role and of the adaptation funding, to comprehend and erase the principal obstacles limiting the private sector’s participation in the funding of adaptation, and to identify and exploit the potential opportunities, notably with the voluntary carbon market. 
    The first dedicated forum to the voluntary carbon market in the Dominican Republic was thus organised. 
  • Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): AdaptAction has supported the OECS Commission in the regional implementation of an innovative approach to strengthen people’s resilience by associating climate predictions and risk analyses (Forecast-based early action). These mechanisms seek to mitigate the effects of extreme events such as droughts, floods, and hurricanes, by identifying early actions to be taken based on weather forecasts and predetermined alert thresholds.
    This project has also been the subject of a publication « Question de Développement », of a webinar and of an animation, to contribute in the diffusion of this innovative mechanism’s principles. 
    Further reading: "Strengthening forecast-based early action in the Caribbean - Recommendations for the Eastern Caribbean"
  • Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): Small island states’ sea and coastal ecosystems in the Caribbean are extremely vulnerable to climate change. Nature and its conservation are key elements for controlling the effects of climate change and maintaining coastal protection barriers, profitable in comparison to technological solutions, when facing coastal risks. AdaptAction has supported the OECS and its state members in the realization of capacity-building actions (workshops, toolboxes, communication materials), in the valorisation of regional knowledge and the sharing of good practices in terms of nature-based solutions within adaptation strategies. 
    Similarly as in the rest of the Caribbean basin, climate change intensifies negative climate-related stress factors such as habitats’ fragmentation, sedimentation and water pollution, and destabilizes ecosystems. However, the conservation of sea and coastal ecosystems is essential to climate change adaptation. AdaptAction accompanies the Cuban Ministry of Environment, Santa Lucia’s and Guanahacabibes local actors in the formulation of a dedicated programme on the development of protected marine areas combining both ecosystems resilience and conservation and, socio-economic benefits for local communities. 
  • Dominican Republic: Adaptation to climate change also needs a strong knowledge or risks, what they imply, including the provision of weather and climate-related information on floods and droughts, tropical cyclones and extreme weather temperatures, à certain time-scales (for instance hourly and decennial). With AdaptAction’s support, the Dominican National Meteorology Office benefited from a technical project in the establishment of a roadmap seeking to improve the entirety of the climate services’ value chain, from co-conception to its usage, passing by the production and diffusion of information to the final user: the farmer.  
  • Dominican Republic:The agriculture sector contributes to the country’s economic growth and food security. Yet, the Dominican agriculture sector is highly exposed to climate variations (variability in rainfall and intensification of extreme weathers). Through a participatory approach, an adaptation plan in favour of the plantain and beans’ industries was elaborated stemming from a data collection and consultative process funded by Adaptaction. This work has permitted to increase the knowledge related to the socio-economic impacts of climate change in key agriculture sectors for the country, and to evaluate the current adaptation tools and capacities in the sector. 
  • Dominican Republic: The country’s coastal areas are home to nearly 60% of the population, a wide diversity of precious ecosystems, infrastructures and highly important economic activities for the country, including the coastal tourism sector, which represents 9% of national GDP. Climate change impacts are particularly perceptible: beaches’ erosion, coral reefs’ destruction, salted water intrusion, coastal floods… AdaptAction supports the ministries in charge of tourism and the environment in the prioritization of the most vulnerable coastal zones and in the elaboration of specific adaptation plans. 
  • Dominican Republic: Integrating climate and disaster risks into the planning and design of social protection programmes reduces the vulnerability of disadvantaged people, while promoting adaptation to climate change over the long term. In the Dominican Republic, AdaptAction therefore accompanies the CNCCDML, the ministries in charge of the economy and social affairs, and the foundation Sur Futuro in the formulation of an adaptive social protection programme seeking to reinforce the links between climate change adaptation and poverty reduction on the scale of the basin Yaque del Sur. 
  • Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): Higher education plays a foreground role in climate change adaptation, with a potentially transformational role: the updating of training programs within a large selection of disciplines is crucial to ensure that today’s and tomorrow’s professionals understand climate change’s effects and adopt the best practices to respond. AdaptAction accompanies the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and its universities (West Indies University and Université des Antilles) in rethinking what the Caribbean can – and must – be within a climate-changing context, through the reform of university programmes, which has to ensure the future graduates’ disposal of relevant knowledge to take up the future climate-related urban challenges.  


Adapt'Action, Cameroon

Central Africa is characterised by an ecological potential of global importance for its biodiversity abundance and its role in stabilizing climate at a global level. Central Africa accounts for the second world’s largest rainforest behind the Amazon forest. As a mosaic of forests, savannahs, wetlands, rivers and flooded forests, the Congo basin provides food, water and shelter to more than 75 million people. 

The region presents at the same time high vulnerabilities linked to climate change and translating into seasonal variabilities with a strong impact on the agricultural calendar, essential pluvial, with floods across the territory, water and coastal erosions. Most Central African countries already suffer the effects of climate change and present high vulnerability indicators on the middle to long terms, notably linked to the weakness in preparation and the lack of means to face these impacts. 

Our projects in the region

  • Congo: AdaptAction has permitted the reinforcement of the structure of the Climate Change National Council (CNCC). Training sessions on vulnerability studies were given to CNCC climate experts. At the end of this project, a pilot decentralized workshop for the CNCC was organised in Pointe-Noire (economic capital) with the ambition to initiate the NDC’s decentralization through the implementation of a departmental CNCC. AdaptAction has also contributed to the establishment of an NGO network, called “Réseau Climat Congo” (RCC). This network has benefited from a training on climate change and the redaction of OSC position notes. At the end of this training, the RCC has produced a position note, an organizational chart and a roadmap for its functioning.
    The network has also taken part to the elaboration process of Congo’s revised NDC. The political dialogue was reinforced through peer-to-peer exchanges, the organization of an inter-ministerial counsel and parliamentary seminar on the Paris Agreement.
  • Cameroon: AdaptAction has accompanied the NDC’s revision process in Cameroun notably on the adaptation and institutional arrangements components. The project has permitted the elaboration of action sheets for adaptation, followed by regional consultations with the ambition to refine their content with local actors et to take into account the priority sociocultural, economic and ecological needs and specificities for each agro-ecological zone of the country. A national institutional monitoring mechanism for the NDC was also created with the associated regional declinations.

The Congo Basin’s abundance in forest ecosystems sometimes occults the importance of the abundance within Central Africa’s littoral zones. Yet these zones are crucial as they represent an economic lever, an opening-up mean for the region and often the only way for commercial exchanges at the regional and international levels. Similarly, to the other regions, Central Africa’s littoral zone present great vulnerabilities considering climate change. The Central African coastal area shelters extremely important economic sectors such as fishing, tourism, agriculture, energy and maritime transport which are often threatened by erosion, sea-levels rise, floods, pollution, marine intrusions and urban development, to cite just a few. 

  • Congo: The coastal city of Pointe-Noire, the country’s economic capital city, has been suffering, for a couple of years, of a lack in drinkable water linked to the marine intrusions into superficial aquifers. AdaptAction has assisted the Congo in the creation of a master plan for the water supply of the city considering the climate change context and facilitating the middle to long-term planning of the water distribution network through the city and its agglomeration. 
    AdaptAction has, moreover, realised a vulnerability study of the coastal zone, considering climate change, accompanied by a cartography of the coastal reduction.
  • Congo: Within the fighting against deforestation context, the Congo plans the agricultural valorisation of its savannahs’ areas to both ensure its food self-sufficiency and to reduce the pressure put on forests and biodiversity. AdaptAction realizes a vulnerability study on agriculture within savannahs zones considering climate change in order to identify viable technical roads and propose a resilient investment plan with the incentive to accompany agriculture-related decision-making and investment choices in the savannahs areas on a middle to long term. 

  • Cameroon: The country’s economy rests mostly on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, which represent one of its development pillars. In arid and semi-arid areas in the North and Extreme North, agropastoralism represents the main activity leading the local economy and stands for an important part of the population’s activities. This region, has known, in the last years, an alternation between long dry seasons followed by short rain seasons, of which variations in intensity and their random character have an incidence on the anticipation and the management of “natural” disasters (badly controlled floods, delays on cultural calendars and the reorganization needs concerning the access to culture and pasture spaces…).
    During the 2040 decade, the risk would be particularly pronounced in the North and Extreme North, while it regroups the higher rates of populations living under the poverty line. This could increase the already occurring North-South Migrations, in particular heading to the urban centres of Douala and Yaoundé (Changement climatique et gestion des risques de catastrophe au Cameroun, World Bank 2017).
    In this perspective, AdaptAction has conducted a vulnerability study of the cereal agriculture in the country’s North and Extreme North alongside with the reinforcement of institutions for the management of agropastoral-related conflicts with the intention to propose new resilient technical roadmaps for small cereal producers and the development of tool boxes for conflict management inclusive of climate change’s multiplier effect on already occurring agropasoral conflicts. 

  • Congo: These past years, the Congo has been facing water erosions and floods on its territory. The Brazzaville city, regrouping half of the population, is particularly exposed to these phenomena. AdaptAction has funded a vulnerability study considering floods and water erosions to which is linked an action plan with priority measures. This study should allow the provision of decision-making helping tools for the disaster risk prevention of floods and erosions in the city of Brazzaville. 
  • Cameroon: AdaptAction has permitted the creation of adaptation action sheets for Cameroun in order to operationalise the climate objectives inscribed in the national strategy for development 2020-2030 (SND30).
  • Cameroon: Agriculture is a vital pillar for Central Africa’s national economy and food security. AdaptAction supports the national observatory on climate change (ONACC) in its formulation of a climate services development programme for agriculture planning in order to ensure the sustainability of the country’s socioeconomic resiliency, which places agriculture at the heart of its 2022-2030 development. 
  • Congo: AdaptAction has accompanied the Congo in the implementation of its protection policy for forest ecosystems with the ambition to sustainably valorise them for the social and economic well-being at the local level, while at the same time ensuring their major role’s sustainability in the stabilisation of the global climate. Vulnerability studies on bogs and mangroves were realised to propose adaptation solutions for these ecosystems on the middle to long term. This project’s products will allow a prefiguration of a model of adaptation projects with a mitigation co-benefit in the Congo Basin.
+ 100
support projects planned
countries and regional organizations supported
million euros earmarked for studies and capacity building