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elephants, poaching, mozambique
The project aims to strengthen the management of protected areas and fauna, especially elephants, in two national reserves in Mozambique.

Mozambique’s efforts to preserve its biodiversity and especially wildlife has been faced with large-scale poaching that has caused the disappearance of more than half of all elephants in the country over the past 10 years. If this trend is not quickly reversed, elephants might be on the brink of extinction over the next few years.  Poaching destabilizes the entire conservation sector, as it brings with it corruption and causes losses in tourism revenues.

Mozambique also faces the challenge of increasing the financial sustainability of its protected areas, which is currently funded almost entirely (80%) by international donors.


AFD’s project is structured in three components:

  1. Strengthening the management, control and anti-poaching capacities of the Niassa National Reserve and the Limpopo National Park;
  2. Support the Administração Nacional das Áreas de Conservação (ANAC), the parastatal company responsible for the management of conservation areas, in its anti-poaching activities;
  3. Operationalize the BIOFUND trust fund, which aims to mobilize, receive and manage public and private funds for the country's protected areas.



The project contributes to the preservation of forest ecosystems and savannas, as well as species of fauna and flora. It strengthens the capacity of protected areas to mitigate conflicts between wildlife and rural populations, in continuity with projects funded by AFD and the French Global Environment Facility (FFEM).

The project strengthens monitoring and anti-poaching systems in protected areas, and the positioning of ANAC and BIOFUND in the institutional mechanism of conservation in Mozambique. Through communication, awareness-raising and partnerships between protected areas, environmental police, justice, customs and community leaders, the project contributes to the fight against corruption related to illegal ivory trafficking.

Finally, the project contributes to strengthening long-term public-private-civil society partnerships, which guarantee the sustainability of the project's impacts.

Project start date
Project end date
5 years
Duration of funding
Multiple locations
Financing tool
6 000 000
Financing amount
Administração Nacional das Áreas de Conservação (ANAC)
World Bank

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