Containing crime without affecting the livability of the urban environment is a major challenge in our society. Traditionally, researchers relate crime to socio-economic disorganization and people’s routine activity, as it influences effective control and suitable targets. An important open question is what the role the urban fabric plays. Although empirical research has shown that the physical urban environment is an essential factor for urban vitality and health, we lack evidence of any clear relationship between the structural characteristics (e.g. roads and land use mix) of neighborhoods and crime. Here, by using open data and mobile phone records, we explore this link with a spatial regression model that analyzes the environmental and the social conditions to which each part of the city is exposed. We found that physical characteristics of the city connected to higher urban diversity better explain the emergence of crime than traditional socio-economic conditions and, together, physical characteristics and socio-economic conditions improve the performance of previous approaches. This result suggests that urban diversity and natural surveillance theories play an important role in the proliferation of crime, and the knowledge of this role can be exploited in urban planning to reduce crime.
on the same regionResearch documentConflicts and tensions over water ownership in the territory of the Urban-Rural Interface of Hampaturi, municipality of La Pazpublished in November 2020Research documentpublished in November 2020Research documentTerritorial inequalities expressed in children's health in two neighborhoods with access to water in the city of El Altopublished in November 2020Research documentpublished in November 2020Research documentPersistence of inequality in access to water: A look at the actions of women in peri-urban territories of the city of El Altopublished in November 2020Research documentpublished in October 2020
on the same topicResearch documentpublished in October 2020Institutional documentpublished in September 2020Institutional documentpublished in May 2020Institutional documentpublished in December 2019Vidéopublished in December 2019Vidéopublished in July 2019
from the same collectionResearch documentThe impact of crime shocks across gender and socioeconomic groups: a large-scale mapping of behavioral disruptionpublished in January 2021Research documentpublished in December 2020Research documentpublished in December 2020Research documentInequality in Public Good Provision and Attitude Towards Taxation: Sub-national Evidence from Africapublished in November 2020Research documentThe Institutionalization of Irrigation and the Effects thereof: the Case of the Palestinian Water User Associationspublished in November 2020Research documentpublished in November 2020