Containing crime without affecting the livability of the urban environment is a major challenge in our society. Traditionally, researchers relate crime to socio-economic disorganization and people’s routine activity, as it influences effective control and suitable targets. An important open question is what the role the urban fabric plays. Although empirical research has shown that the physical urban environment is an essential factor for urban vitality and health, we lack evidence of any clear relationship between the structural characteristics (e.g. roads and land use mix) of neighborhoods and crime. Here, by using open data and mobile phone records, we explore this link with a spatial regression model that analyzes the environmental and the social conditions to which each part of the city is exposed. We found that physical characteristics of the city connected to higher urban diversity better explain the emergence of crime than traditional socio-economic conditions and, together, physical characteristics and socio-economic conditions improve the performance of previous approaches. This result suggests that urban diversity and natural surveillance theories play an important role in the proliferation of crime, and the knowledge of this role can be exploited in urban planning to reduce crime.
on the same regionResearch documentWater from the heights, water from the grassroots: the Governance of common dynamics and public services in La Paz-El Altopublished in June 2016Research documentWater services and the private sector in developing countries. Comparative perceptions and discussion dynamicspublished in April 2012
on the same topicInstitutional documentpublished in May 2020Institutional documentpublished in December 2019Vidéopublished in December 2019Vidéopublished in July 2019Research documentpublished in April 2019Evaluation documentEvaluation Summary - Rural infrastructure development and tourism project in Lao Cai Province, Vietnampublished in December 2018
from the same collectionResearch documentData opportunities and challenges for calculating a global Strong Environmental Sustainability (SES) indexpublished in May 2020Research documentpublished in April 2020Research documentpublished in April 2020Research documentpublished in February 2020Research documentpublished in February 2020Research documentpublished in February 2020