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From 2009, insecurity linked to the insurgency of the Boko Haram group and its repression spreads from the heart of Nigerian Borno to the north-east of the country and then to the border areas of neighboring countries, Cameroon, Niger and Chad. The crisis has progressively affected the entire region of Lake Chad, one of the great cross-border areas of Sahelian Africa, at the crossroads of Africa savannahs and desert, of West Africa and Central Africa. This study is the first to address the Boko Haram crisis from a perspective transcending the political and linguistic boundaries between English-speaking Nigeria and the three French- speaking countries bordering Lake Chad. Carried out by a multidisciplinary team of seventeen French, British, Cameroonian, Nigerien, Nigerian and Chadian researchers, it considers the Lake Chad region as a system. Its components and their environmental, economic and political interactions are grasped from a diachronic perspective before, during and after the peak of violence. The analysis leads to a prospective reflection considering the next 20 years. Based on the observation that the crisis has shaken the relationship system that made the Lake Chad region resilient, this reference study aims to shed light on the crucial choices that will define its future development trajectory.

pdf : 30.63 MB
country / region: Cameroon Niger Nigeria Chad
author(s) :
Géraud Magrin
Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos
Emmanuel Chauvin
Jacques Lemoalle
Christine Raimond
Charline Rangé
Sylvain Aoudou Doua
Zakinet Dangbet
Goudoum Pierre Don-Donné
Ahmat Hessana
Adam Higazi
Hadiza Kiari Fougou
Abdourahmani Mahamadou
Kyari Mohamed
Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida
Abdullahi Liman Tukur
Félix Watang Zieba
coordinator :
Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos
collection :
Études de l'AFD
issn :
2492-8313
pages :
274
available also in : en