We document the local impact of two alternative mining techniques: artisanal (labor intensive, managed in commons) and industrial (mechanized, privatized). Our identification strategy exploits two sources of variation: geological endowments in gold in Burkina Faso and changes in the global gold price. We show that artisanal mining has a positive local economic impact. Opening an industrial mine, in contrast, has no impact. Thus, we provide an innovative quantification of the impact of artisanal mines (and industrial mines opening). We also contribute to the debate on the relative advantages of private versus common management of a resource.
on the same regionResearch documentpublished in January 2021Research documentpublished in January 2021Research documentpublished in January 2021Research documentImproving access to education in Burkina Faso: a major condition for benefiting from the demographic dividendpublished in December 2020Research documentpublished in December 2020Research documentpublished in November 2020
from the same collectionResearch documentThe impact of crime shocks across gender and socioeconomic groups: a large-scale mapping of behavioral disruptionpublished in January 2021Research documentpublished in December 2020Research documentpublished in December 2020Research documentInequality in Public Good Provision and Attitude Towards Taxation: Sub-national Evidence from Africapublished in November 2020Research documentThe Institutionalization of Irrigation and the Effects thereof: the Case of the Palestinian Water User Associationspublished in November 2020Research documentpublished in November 2020