Promoting sustainable cities
Developing more sustainable and equitable agriculture
Promoting academic research and innovation
Supporting the action of CSOs
Peru is bordered to the West by the Pacific Ocean and is the third largest country in South America. It is characterized by a complex geography divided into three regions: the desert coast, the Amazon forest and the Andes mountains.
Peru has been experiencing remarkable growth for over ten years. Its economy is even one of the best-performing in South America, driven by the exploitation of mineral resources, fishing, tourism and agriculture. However, this dynamism does not benefit all: extreme poverty persists and infrastructure is unevenly developed between the regions. There is, in addition, the threat of climate change, which has already caused 40% of the country’s surface area of glaciers to melt.
Access to drinking water remains particularly critical in a country where water resources are scarce. Out of the 30 million inhabitants, 3.5 million are deprived of it and 8 million do not benefit from any sanitation system. This problem is exacerbated by the rapid expansion of cities: Peru has an urbanization rate of 80%, one of the highest in the world.
AFD has been a partner of the country since 2014 and has made Peru’s challenges its priorities for action: it works to improve water management and promote sustainable cities and more responsible agriculture. To achieve this, it works closely with public administrations, private actors and civil society, and mobilizes a wide range of tools: grants, loans, guarantees and technical assistance.