The analysis of the application of the PEFA framework methodology to sub-national entities, developed here through the examination of 56 evaluation reports, and based on the practical experience of team-led projects at AFD, shows that it is globally adapted to decentralized governments. Nonetheless, due to the institutional diversity of subnational governments, the need to know the structure as well as the laws and rules governing decentralization and defining the responsibilities of sub-national entities is vital.
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