Promoting sustainable cities
Reconciling agricultural development and environmental conservation
Returning to high-quality education and training
With its 24 million inhabitants and a surface area of some 590,000 km², Madagascar is one of the world’s largest islands. It is located in the southwest Indian Ocean and is separated from Africa by the Mozambique Channel. It is also one of the poorest countries in the world: over 90% of the population lives on less than $2 a day.
Madagascar has a particularly rich environment and exceptional biodiversity: over 80% of its plant and animal species are endemic. It is also one of the most vulnerable ecological systems to climate change, environmental risks and natural disasters.
Madagascar has suffered from political instability for several years. The repeated crises have hampered development, particularly in infrastructure and public services. Yet the island has a number of industrial sectors with high added value, such as agro-industry, textiles, new technologies, tourism and craft industries.
AFD has been operating in Madagascar for 70 years, where it works to fight poverty and support economic development. Since 2016, it has also been working on strengthening decentralized local authorities and improving the functioning of the justice system.
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