Facilitating access to drinking water
Reforming the energy sector
Getting back to quality education
Supporting the private sector
Supporting the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation
Mali is a Sahel country with 18 million inhabitants and is experiencing strong demographic pressure. Almost half the population lives below the poverty line and life expectancy is below 53 years. The economic structures are still weak and the lack of rain, which is exacerbated by climate change, weakens the agricultural sector – the main source of employment.
The country experienced a major crisis in 2012. The elections in 2013, followed by the signing of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in 2015, have restored political stability, although there continue to be periodic terror attacks in the north and center of the country.
Mali is a priority country for French aid. In 2017, AFD is supporting 55 projects in the country with a total commitment of EUR 357m. AFD has been a partner of Mali since 1958. It operates in priority sectors with loans, grants and technical assistance.