Mauritania

Mauritania is a multiethnic and multicultural country where the Maghreb region and Sub-Saharan Africa meet. Despite sustained growth in recent years, it is ranked among the world’s Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and faces many challenges. Social and territorial cohesion is one of AFD’s main concerns.
  • logo linkedin
  • logo email
Mauritania, Students of the Arafatt high school, Nouakchott
AFD AND MAURITANIA: STRENGTHENING ACCESS TO BASIC SERVICES AND SUPPORTING EDUCATION
Mauritania, Students of the Arafatt high school, Nouakchott

Promoting access to essential services

Mauritania access to fresh water

Promoting access to essential services

Mauritania is a desert country that lacks water. Only 58% of Mauritania’s population has access to drinking water (48% in rural areas) and 14% of the rural population to a proper sanitation network. Similarly, electricity remains a privilege for the majority of Mauritians, with an overall access rate of 30%, and major inequalities between urban areas (55%) and rural areas (5%). 

AFD is working to promote access to drinking water and sanitation via several projects cofinanced with the European Union. The ongoing projects will provide 250,000 people with access to drinking water (13% of the unconnected rural  population) and improve hygiene conditions and access to sanitation for 550,000 people (26% of the rural population).

Since 2010, we have also been supporting the restructuring of the energy sector, especially the Mauritanian Electricity Company (SOMELEC). In 2013, we financed the construction of a hybrid thermal/photovoltaic power plant in the Kiffa region, in partnership with the European Union, as well as a transmission and distribution grid to supply nearby cities and villages with electricity. This pilot project is set to be widely reproduced in the region. A second power plant of the same type is currently under construction in Nema.
In the governance sector, AFD is financing a project to support democracy and social cohesion. Its main objective is to strengthen links across the country between the justice system and the accused.

Supporting local and rural development

Mauritania Water conveyance Vaincre

Supporting local and rural development

Mauritania is characterized by an uneven distribution of economic activities and populations. In areas where people have recently settled, the large number of small communities, all far from each other, makes their coverage by basic social services difficult and costly, as well as their access to economic opportunities (products, markets, jobs). Balanced and sustainable territorial development is a major challenge for the country. Furthermore, rural communities continue to be affected by serious food crises, forcing the country to import food.

Since 2006, AFD has been financing the program to Promote Initiatives for Equitable Regional Growth (VAINCRE), for the economic development of territories. Between 2006 and 2015, some 1,000 projects (health, education, water) were led by the 73 beneficiary municipalities. A new phase, called DECLIC, is starting in early 2019.

In order to structurally reinforce food security for rural communities, we also support projects that improve productivity in village irrigated areas (VIA) of the Senegal River, while promoting job creation, especially for women by developing market gardening by women.

Promoting education, training and employment

Higher Institute for Electronic Engineering , Mauritania

Promoting education, training and employment

The Education Sector Development Plan (PNDSE) has provided all children with access to primary school. But the teaching staff lacks qualifications to ensure high-quality education, particularly in terms of languages. Between 2012 and 2021, AFD will have committed EUR 12.7m to improve the quality of education and bilingualism (Arabic-French) of teachers, as well as access to secondary education for girls. 

To facilitate access to the labor market, AFD has also decided to assist 7 vocational training centers in purchasing equipment, refurbishing their premises and establishing training courses in sectors where there is strong labor demand (fishing and water-based activities). 
Proparco, AFD’s private sector financing arm, is actively involved with Mauritanian banks: it is a shareholder of Attijari Bank and has allocated a EUR 2m credit line to the People’s Bank of Mauritania. AFD also allocates portfolio guarantees (ARIZ) to the national subsidiary of Société Générale and to Attijari Bank and provides a facility for access to financing for small businesses.

Supporting sustainable development

Mauritania Mines Project SNIME

Supporting sustainable development

Mauritania is a country with contrasting natural resources. It is made up of a huge desert space, with most of its activity concentrated on a narrow coastal strip, which also holds unique biological wealth.

AFD, in partnership with the French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM), supports projects to protect the country’s marine and coastal biodiversity. 

We promote lasting and sustainable development by encouraging reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, while supporting the exploitation of the country’s mining natural resources in partnership with the National Industrial and Mining Company of Mauritania (SNIM).

Keeping alive women who give life

Health center Dar Naïm Post-childbirth consultation, Mauritania

Keeping alive women who give life

The country has experienced a decline in its maternal mortality rate in recent years, but it remains high at around 500 for 100,000 births. There are many reasons for this, which include the fact that the population is scattered over a massive territory and that there is a low level of medical staff. 

Since 2008, we have been supporting the extension of the obstetrical package, a voluntary insurance system which covers maternal healthcare costs in public health facilities.

49.5
million euros committed in 2019
480,000
women benefit from improved maternal healthcare
915,000
people benefit from access to basic services

Mauritania is a multiethnic country. At the crossroads between the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa, its population is characterized by great gaps in wealth and social status. Despite its rather low population growth, the country remains ranked among the least developed countries (LDCs) of the planet and must rebalance its development.

Because of lower market prices for the minerals Mauritania mines, the country must turn to a more sustainable and job-creating development model, and to better sharing of wealth.

Present in the country since 1978, AFD is an important partner both for local and national authorities and for private operators in the country.

Interactive map
This map is for illustrative purposes only and does not engage the responsibility of the AFD Group
Thematics
Funding type
Antennas
Filters

Thematics

Tout cocher
Tout décocher

Funding type

Tout cocher
Tout décocher

Antennas

Display local antennas

Filters

Launch search
See map of all projects

Contact