Reducing the environmental footprint of urban centres
Promoting renewable energies
Protecting natural and cultural heritage
Positioned in East Asia, China is the most populous country in the world (1.4 billion inhabitants). It is also a huge land mass which boasts an exceptional natural and cultural heritage.
Over the last thirty years, China has experienced unprecedented social and economic development to become the second ranking global economic power. But the country is also the leader in greenhouse gas emissions. Since the air, water and soil are heavily polluted, ecosystems and biodiversity are deteriorating rapidly. The cities have seen a demographic explosion with rural dwellers arriving in large numbers to seek work.
The environment is central to the strategic dialogue between France and China. AFD has been assisting the country for more than 15 years, through a partnership with the Chinese Ministry of Finance, and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). This co-operation is designed to harness the most innovative French know-how to help transition to an economy which respects the environment.
AFD’s involvement takes the form of loans to the State and local authorities as well as to companies and public banks. We have financed 44 projects since 2004, to the tune of more than 1.8 billion euros.