Supporting local authorities
Strengthening the health and social care sectors
Supporting private and community sustainable development initiatives
Developing regional cooperation
French Guiana is located in South America and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. It is France’s largest region in terms of surface area and is marked by wide territorial discontinuities. The road network is underdeveloped and only serves coastal towns, while inland towns can only be reached by air or river, which isolates part of the population.
With a population that has doubled in 20 years, estimated at 300,000 inhabitants in 2023, French Guiana has one of the most dynamic population growth rates in France. The population is particularly young (41% under the age of 20) and unevenly distributed across the territory (89% of inhabitants live along the coast and river borders).
While French Guiana has experienced strong growth since the 1990s, population growth is now mitigating this economic performance. In 2017, 53% of the population was living below the poverty line and unemployment affected 15% of the working population in 2021. Essential services are also unevenly distributed between the coast and the inland plains. In addition, despite abundant natural resources, very rich biodiversity and a position geared towards the Americas and Europe, the territory suffers as a whole from a lack of attractiveness.
AFD in French Guiana seeks to address the demographic challenge, fight against economic, social and territorial imbalances, and promote the emergence of a new development model. AFD supports local public and private actors. It operates via a number of tools for the public sector (loans and French Overseas Territories Fund) and private sector (loans to companies for medium to large-scale investment projects and guarantee fund for fishing and agriculture).
AFD's French Guiana office is directly attached to the Atlantic Ocean regional office.
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