Mauritius is a small island State vulnerable to climate change, but economically dynamic. It promotes a sustainable development model combining social well-being and growth. AFD is one of its main partners. On the program: infrastructure, energy transition, climate and regional integration.
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Independence day, Mauritius
Mauritius and AFD: Reconciling economic growth, social well-being and respect for the environment
Mauritius, L'Ile aux Aigrettes is the largest island in Grand Port Bay, located to the east of Mauritius © Astride Raghoonauth for AFD

Upgrading infrastructure

Town, Mauritius

Upgrading infrastructure

The island’s infrastructure needs to be renovated and upgraded, especially the inadequate road network and port and energy infrastructure. AFD is supporting investments which increase the country’s accessibility and security of supply. 
The Mauritian Government has set two priorities: 

  • Improve national and regional connectivity via a major program to extend port infrastructure, which will provide a capacity to receive higher tonnage ships. AFD is also supporting the modernization of Cargo Handling Corporation Limited. We are participating in its recapitalization and the replacement of its equipment. 
  • Upgrade energy infrastructure: AFD is assisting the Government in the definition of its energy policy and its investment programming. We are also supporting the Central Electricity Board (CEB), along with the Green Fund, for its program to improve power transmission.

Speed up the energy transition

bio2watt, énergie, biogaz, vaches, Afrique du Sud

Speed up the energy transition

South Africa has shown great commitment to reducing carbon emissions by decreasing its dependence on coal and increasing energy generation from renewable sources by 2030. If these efforts are sustained, carbon emissions should stabilise between 2025 and 2030 and decline thereafter.

AFD is a long-term partner of ESKOM, South Africa’s national electricity provider, and has been instrumental in helping the country diversify its energy mix. In the Western Cape, AFD has co-financed the construction of a 100 MW wind farm, which represents ESKOM’s first foray into large scale wind energy. Going forward, AFD has recently issued a multi-tranche facility to finance ESKOM’s transmission development plan and ensure the integration of the renewable energy resources.  

Through its green finance label Sunref, AFD has helped small and medium enterprises (SMEs) access finance through major South African banks to kick-start or scale up their efficiency and renewable energy projects.

SMEs also benefit from technical assistance in the form of knowledge transfers and expertise for energy use management through AFD’s partner the South African Energy Development Institute (SANEDI).

Improving climate change adaptation

Landscape, Mauritius

Improving climate change adaptation

The Government of Mauritius was one of the first to sign the Paris Climate Agreement. An ambitious national program provides for major adaptation measures, which require international aid. Indeed, it involves more effectively managing water resources, fighting against erosion in coastal areas, and rethinking agricultural production methods.

AFD is mobilizing its expertise, as well as its SUNREF credit lines, to support the island’s agricultural and energy transition. 

Promoting regional integration

Mauritius, L'Ile aux Aigrettes is the largest island in Grand Port Bay, located to the east of Mauritius © Astride Raghoonauth for AFD

Promoting regional integration

Regional cooperation is essential in addressing common issues for Indian Ocean countries, particularly in the fields of the environment, climate and health. It is also a historical focus for AFD’s activities in the region. The Indian Ocean Commission (COI) was set up in 1984 and is supported by AFD. It gathers Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Seychelles and the Comoros for concerted actions on common issues.
We support a wide range of projects:

  • Fighting the risks of epidemics: following the Chikungunya epidemic, which deeply marked the region in 2005-2006, a surveillance network has gradually been set up through COI. A regional charter, One Health, has also been signed in 2017 to strengthen regional coordination in this field;
  • Preserving coastal areas by developing more sustainable economic activities in them and protecting their marine and terrestrial resources, thanks to a project by the French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM);
  • Strengthening links between our agencies in Mauritius and Réunion: AFD’s aim is to build synergies in the fields of energy and agriculture.
tons of CO2 avoided every year thanks to SUNREF
euros millions committed since 2006

Mauritius is a small island State, but has nevertheless succeeded in diversifying its economy and integrating world markets. The island’s high population density has also contributed to its development. It has established ties with its neighbor, Réunion, and the other Indian Ocean islands, both at the economic and environmental levels.

However, the country comes up against the fact that it has limited resources which are threatened by climate change. It faces a dual challenge: the need to improve basic infrastructure (roads and ports) and prepare youth to enter the labor market, while increasing its resistance to shocks and adapting to the impacts of climate change. Mauritius needs to find new growth drivers in order to build a stronger and more sustainable economy that benefits all.

AFD has been operating in Mauritius since 1975. After ceasing its activities in 1995, due to the level of development achieved by the island, since 2006 it has been supporting its economic and ecological transition. AFD has become one of its main partners. Our financing benefits both public authorities and private actors: banks and companies. Our action covers the entire Indian Ocean region.

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This map is for illustrative purposes only and does not engage the responsibility of the AFD Group
Funding type


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  • Climate
  • Employment and Shared Prosperity
  • Energy
  • Global Partnerships
  • Hunger and Food Security
  • Inequalities
  • Infrastructures
  • Poverty
  • Sustainable Cities

Funding type

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  • Grant
  • Loan
  • Non Sovereign Concessional Loan
  • Sovereign Concessional Loan


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