Chad

Chad, a landlocked Central African country, suffers from economic structures which remain vulnerable, but does nevertheless have a number of assets. AFD takes action to promote and develop an economy that benefits all.
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desert, camels, landscape, Chad
AFD and Chad: optimizing the country's resources and assets
Chad, transhumance, cattle, Pradelle

Facilitating access to education and emloyment

Improve education system, AFD Chad

Facilitating access to education and emloyment

Underemployment is a critical issue for young people in Chad (under 25s), who make up 70% of a rapidly growing population, with a significant increase in the number of Chadians needing to be educated, trained and professionally integrated into the local economic landscape. The number of young people entering the job market has increased from 140,000 per year in 2012 to nearly 210,000 in 2020. However, vocational training is an underdeveloped sector in Chad, whose institutions are inadequate both in number and quality. 
The main aim of AFD’s activity in Chad is to establish a better balance between education, training and employment:

  • Access to and quality of education: AFD is contributing to improving learning conditions, building the capacities of stakeholders in the education sector, and promoting innovative teaching approaches in order to enhance the capacities of non-formal basic training centers.
  • Entrepreneurship, professional integration and vocational training are being developed via the Maison de la Petite Entreprise, a unique mechanism to promote entrepreneurship in Chad, and the Fonds National d'Appui à la Formation Professionnelle (National Vocational Training Support Fund), as well as by supporting initiatives implemented by NGOs.
     

 

Supporting mixed farming systems and protecting biodiversity

Chad, transhumance, cattle, Pradelle

Supporting mixed farming systems and protecting biodiversity

The rural sector in Chad is facing many issues. Factors such as extensive production systems, climate change, tensions between farmers and herders and unsustainable natural resource management are all putting pressure on an already fragile food system, the health and safety of communities and the country’s ecosystems. AFD is attempting to overcome these cross-cutting challenges by financing projects in complementary sectors:

  • Support for the development of a high-quality seed industry and planning initiatives for new agricultural land by establishing hydro-agricultural infrastructure to improve food security.
  • Development of solutions to modernize over-extensive systems through planning projects for ponds and pastoral wells, transhumance corridors, or education and health pilot projects in remote areas.
  • Support to increase socio-economic resilience by strengthening local governance and improving the livelihoods of vulnerable people through an integrated territorial approach.
  • Support for the conservation and protection of 276,000 hectares of diverse and fragile ecosystems by managing a network of protected areas, including a national park in Binder-Léré.
     

Improving communities' access to essential services

Improve access to essential services, AFD Chad

Improving communities' access to essential services

Improving people’s quality of life is a top priority for AFD Group in Chad. This means providing better access to basic services for the most vulnerable communities.

To facilitate access to water and sanitation, AFD is helping to improve the drinking water network in N'Djamena, to develop urban resilience to climate change by financing flood control and sustainable waste management infrastructure projects, and to build the capacities of local stakeholders responsible for urban services (N'Djamena and Moundou).

In terms of health, our strategy is to improve access to care, particularly in terms of maternal, child and reproductive health, thus playing a role in empowering women (through the training of health professionals, the equipping or renovation of health centers, access to family planning services and support for universal healthcare coverage).

Promoting governance and social cohesion to build peace

Chad, man, agriculture, cow, milk, Eberschweiler

Promoting governance and social cohesion to build peace

To establish sustainable peace resulting in prosperity, capacity-building for stakeholders and institutions at both the central and local levels is required, as well as proactive action to mitigate the tensions and conflicts in evidence to varying degrees throughout Chad. To this end, as a mouthpiece for the Sahel Alliance, AFD is supporting the sustainable and balanced development of regions through the implementation of an Integrated Territorial Approach (ITA).

As a result, AFD is providing financing to:

  • Strengthen governance in all its diversity: from the transparency of public finances to the support of a radio station promoting peace in the Lake region;
  • Develop an extensive portfolio of multi-servicae projects focused on local governance and the resilience of vulnerable communities in crisis zones (the Lake province) and fragile areas (the Sahelian strip, the northern provinces and the eastern and southern border regions), by mobilizing the Minka Peace and Resilience Fund. 

The goal is to foster, using financing and tools, an inclusive and participatory approach to the planning and management of investment and essential public services in order to rebuild the social contract, promote respect for human rights and the establishment of a modern government, in line with the vision for “The Chad We Want”.

483
million allocated over 10 years
82
projects financed
2.7
million people have benefited from improved healthcare access

Chad is a Sahelian country with the fifth largest economy in the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC). Landlocked and a long way from the coast, it covers 1.3 million square kilometers and has an estimated population of 15.3 million, most of whom are living in rural areas.

Its economy is not very diversified, depending largely on revenue from oil (74% of exports), which is therefore subject to considerable price variations. Its HDI ranking (187/189) demonstrates the extent of the country’s needs in almost all sectors. Chad is also plagued by political instability in the wider region and is experiencing a humanitarian crisis due to the many refugees and displaced persons. These problems are exacerbated by the impact of global warming, and particularly desertification, which is a major threat to Lake Chad. 

Nonetheless, Chad has many assets that make it ripe for equitable economic development: significant groundwater resources, 94 million livestock and 39 million hectares of arable land. 

AFD has been present in Chad for over 60 years, providing technical support to establish and implement public policy, and financing economic and social development projects led by a wide range of stakeholders: public actors, private companies, local authorities, associations and NGOs.

Since 2017, AFD has been fully committed to working in collaboration with other donors in the region as part of the Sahel Alliance, a partnership launched by France, Germany and the European Union. The aim is to encourage cooperation to launch a coherent strategy and grant effective aid that will benefit the people of Chad directly, with a view to furthering development, as well as improving internal security. 

Over the last ten years, AFD has granted €493 million in financing to Chad.

AFD's Chad office is directly attached to the Greater Sahel regional office in Ouagadougou.

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Institutional document

Minka Peace and Resilience Fund - Activity report 2021

The Minka Peace and Resilience Fund, implemented by AFD, is dedicated to medium and long-term f

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Jun 2022
Institutional document

Sahel - 2021 Activity Report

Development in the Greater Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Maur

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Apr 2022
Institutional document

Sahel - 2020 Activity Report

The Greater Sahel region was once a prosperous region in Africa. The region is clearly defined

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May 2021
Institutional document

Minka Peace and Resilience Fund - 2020 Activity Report

As crises become longer and more complex, AFD Group has made a key commitment to sustainable peace,

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May 2021
Research document

Flooding: Prevention as the Best Option

Across the world, flooding remains the most frequent and most damaging natural risk. This technical

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May 2021
Research document

In the Sahel, real economic and social development

Fragility and conflict are the main lenses through which Sahelian issues are most often viewed. Howe

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Oct 2021
Research document

Hard Times for Developing Countries: Africa’s Financing Needs in Question

Semestrial Panoramas are special issues of the MacroDev series written by AFD analysts; They present

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Sep 2021
Research document

Crisis and Development. The Lake Chad Region and Boko Haram

From 2009, insecurity linked to the insurgency of the Boko Haram group and its repression spreads fr

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Jul 2018
Evaluation document

Evaluation Summary - Pastoral Water Programme in Central Chad, Second Phase (Almy Al Afia 2)

In Chad, the pastoral water programme in central Chad, 2nd phase - Almy Al Afia 2 (CTD1125), was eva

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Sep 2020
Evaluation document

Evaluation Summary - Health Sector Support Projects in Chad (PASST 1 and 2)

In Chad, for the health sector, two successive health sector support projects were evaluated in 2019

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Jun 2019
Evaluation document

Pastoral Water Development in Chad - Evaluation of AFD Interventions over the Last 20 Years

In 2012 the Evaluation Division of AFD's Research Department decided to evaluate and follow up 20 yea...
Sep 2014
Evaluation document

Operating in Fragile States - Lessons from Experience

There are several approaches to fragile states. The first, based on the crisis cycle, distinguishes

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Oct 2010
Video

Sahel Alliance: Arafa

Inclusive economic and social recovery around Lake Chad (RESILAC)

Like Arafa, 3 million people ha...

Jul 2018
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